Checklist of Bird Calls and Songs for Singapore and Malaysia

on 16th September 2012

We have accumulated a collection of more than 200 bird calls and songs LINK since our earlier posts urging for birdsound documentation LINK 1 and LINK 2. Even then only a small number of bird species found in Singapore and Malaysia have been documented – by a handful of birdwatchers. There are still many more species that need to be recorded. Hopefully, this post will encourage others to also get involved and in the process help build up the collection. With further contributions from birdwatchers (please include date, time, location, habitat, etc), we hope to update the list regularly and develop this into a major depository of birdsounds for Singapore and Malaysia.

Comments and suggestions are most welcome as this is the only way we can improve the checklist, to better serve birdwatchers. And please inform us if there are records that have not been included, errors, etc.

The copyright of the recordings naturally belongs to the authors.

The taxonomy, nomenclature and arrangement of the bird species follow Craig Robson’s 2008 “A Field Guide to the Birds of South-east Asia (New Holland).”

Most are audio clips that were included in earlier posts. Details given, appearing in the list in blue: 46_AmarSingh_240410_flock-cal-2_Chemor-Perak-Malaysia_mining-pool – LINK refer to (1) the species number as in Robson’s guide, (2) Author, (3) Date (day/month/year), (4) status of the bird and call, where available, (5) location (KSFR = Kledang Sayong Forest Reserve; UKFR = Ulu Kinta Forest Reserve…) and (6) habitat. Click the blue line to listen to the call. A link to the post is given at the end.

Where the birdsound is presented in a video clip, click the blue line to get to the link to the video. The word “video” is inserted after the date, as in 91_Lena Chow_190312_ video_family-call_Halus-wetland-Singapore_pond

Where details are unavailable (indicated by ???), these can be inserted if they become available later on.

PHASIANIDAE: PERDICINAE: (partridges, francolins, quails)
9. Blue-breasted Quail Coturnix chinensis chinensis

PHASIANIDAE: PHASIANINAE: (phaesants & junglefowls
28. Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus spadiceus
42. Crested Argus Rheinardia ocellata
44. Green Peafowl Pavo muticus

ANTIDAE, DENDROCYGINAE: (whistling ducks)
45A. Wandering Whistling-duck Dendrocygna arcuata arcuata
46. Lesser Whistling-duck Dendrocygna javanica

ANTIDAE: ANATINAE: (typical ducks and pygmy-geese)
57. Cotton Pygmy-goose Nettapus coromandelianus coromandelianus
59. Gadwall Anas strepera strepera
61. Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
65. Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
67. Northern Pintail Anas acuta
68. Garganey Anas querquedula
70. Eurasian (Common) Teal Anas crecca crecca
76. Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula

PROCELLARIIDAE: (petrels & shearwaters)
86. Wedge-tailed Shearwater Puffinus pacificus

HYDROBATIDAE: HYDROBATINAE: (oceanodroma storm-petrels & allies)
90. Swinhoe’s Storm-petrel Oceanodroma monorhis monorhis

91. Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei
91_LenaChow_190312_ video_family-call_Halus-wetland-Singapore_pond

95. Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus

CICONIIDAE: (storks)
96. Milky Stork Mycteria cinerea
97. Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
101. Storm’s Stork Ciconia stormi
104. Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus

110. Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus

114. Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
115. Von Schrenck’s Bittern Ixobrychus eurhythmus
116. Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
117. Black Bittern Dupetor flavicollis flavicollis

ARDEIDAE: ARDEINAE: (herons & egrets)
119. Malayan Night-heron Gorsachius melanolophus
120. Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax
121. Little (=Striated) Heron Butorides striatus javanicus, amurensis
123. Chinese Pond-heron Ardeola bacchus
124. Javan Pond-heron Ardeola speciosa
125. Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus
126. Grey Heron Ardea cinerea jouyi
128. Great-billed Heron Ardea sumatrana sumatrana
130. Purple Heron Ardea purpurea manilensis
131. Great Egret Ardea alba [=Casmerodius albus modesta]
132. Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
133. Little Egret Egretta garzetta garzetta, nigripes
134. Pacific Reef Egret Egretta sacra sacra
135. Chinese Egret Egretta eulophotes

FREGATIDAE: (frigatebirds)
139. Christmas Island Frigatebird Fregata andrewsi
141. Lesser Frigatebird Fregata ariel ariel

PELECANIDAE: (pelicans)
142. Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus

SULIDAE: (boobies)
146. Brown Booby Sula leucogaster plotus


153. Black-thighed Falconet Microhierax fringillarius
155. Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni
156. Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus interstinctus
160. Oriental Hobby Falco severus
162. Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus japonensis

163. Osprey Pandion haliaetus haliaetus, cristatus

FALCONIDAE: ACCIPITRINAE: (hawks, eagles & allies)
164. Jerdon’s Baza Aviceda jerdoni jerdoni
165. Black Baza Aviceda leuphotes syama
166. Oriental Honey-buzzard Pernis ptilorhyncus torquatus
167. Bat Hawk Macheiramphus alcinus alcinus
168. Black-shouldered (=winged) Kite Elanus caeruleus vociferus
169. Black Kite Milvus migrans govinda
171. Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus intermedius
172. White-bellied Fish Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster
176. Grey-headed Fish Eagle Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus
178. White-rumped Vulture Gyps bangalensis
180. Himalayan Griffon Gyps himalayensis
183. Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus gallicus
184. Crested Serpent-eagle Spilornis cheela bassus
185. Western (Eurasian) Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus
186. Eastern Marsh-harrier Circus spilonotus
187. Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus cyaneus
189. Pied Harrier Circus melanoleucos
191. Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus indicus
193. Chinese Sparrowhawk Accipiter soloensis
194. Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis gularis
195. Besra Accipiter virgatus nisoides
200. Grey-faced Buzzard Butastur indicus
202. Common Buzzard Buteo buteo
205. Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga
207. Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis nipalensis
208. Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca
210. Booted Eagle Aquila (Hieraaetus) pennata
212. Rufous-bellied Eagle Lophotriorchis (Hieraaetus) kienerii
213. Blyth’s Hawk-eagle Nisaetus (Spizaetus) alboniger
215. Changeable Hawk-eagle Nisaetus linmaeetus
216. Wallace’s Hawk Eagle Spizaetus nanus

RALLIDAE: (rails, crakes, gallinules & coots)
219. Red-legged Crake Rallina fasciata
220. Slaty-legged Crake Rallina eurizonoides telmatophila
221. Slaty-breasted Rail Gallirallus striatus gularis
224. White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
224_LenaChow_220311_video_call_Singapore_open area
227. Baillon’s Crake Porzana pusilla pusilla
229. Ruddy-breasted Crake Porzana fusca fusca
231. White-browed Crake Porzana cinerea
232. Watercock Gallicrex cinerea
233. Grey (Purple)-headed Swamphen Porphyrio poliocephalus
234. Black-backed (Purple) Swamphen Porphyrio indicus
235. Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus orientalis
236. Common Coot Fulica atra atra

237. Masked Finfoot Heliopais personata

TURNICIDAE: (buttonquails)
244. Barred Buttonquail Turnix suscitator atrogularis

BURHINIDAE: (thick-knees)
247. Beach Thick-knee Esacus neglectus

Pluvialidae: (Pluvialis plovers)
248. Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva
249. Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola

RECURVIROSTRIDAE: (stilts & avocets)
250. Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus himantopus

VANELLIDAE: (lapwings & allies)
260. Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus atronuchalis

CHARADRIIDAE: (Charadrius plovers & allies)
261. Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula tundrae
262. Long-billed Plover Charadrius placidus
263. Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius curonicus
264. Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus
265. Malaysian Plover Charadrius peronii
266. Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus atrifrons
267. Greater Sand Plover Charadrius leschenaultii leschenaultii
268. Oriental Plover Charadrius veredus

269. Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
270. Bronzed-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus

ROSTRATULIDAE: (painted-snipes)
271. Greater Painted-snipe Rostratula benghalensis benghalensis

125. Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola

276. Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura
277. Swinhoe’s Snipe Gallinago megala
279. Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago gallinago

280. Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus

SCOLOPACIDAE: TRINGINAE: (godwits, dowitchers, curlews, sandpipers & allies)
282. Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa melanuroides
283. Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica baueri
285. Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus
286. Little Curlew Numenius minutus
287. Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus variegatus, phaeopus
288. Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata orientalis
289. Far Eastern Curlew Numenius madagascariensis
290. Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus
291. Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
292. Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
293. Grey-tailed Tattler Tringa brevipes
294. Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
295. Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia glottoides
296. Nordmann’s Greenshank Tringa guttifer
297. Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
298. Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
299. Common Redshank Tringa totanus eurhinus

SCOLOPACIDAE: CALIDRIDINAE: (Calidris sandpipers & allies)
300. Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris
301. Red Knot Calidris canutus canutus
302. Sanderling Calidris alba
303. Spoon-billed Sandpiper Calidris pygmeus
305. Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis
306. Temminck’s Stint Calidris temminckii
307. Long-toed Stint Calidris subminuta
308. Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos
309. Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata
310. Dunlin Calidris alpina sakhalina
311. Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
313. Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus sibirica
314. Ruff Philomachus pugnax

SCOLOPACIDAE: ARENARIINAE: (turnstones & allies)
315. Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres interpres

316. Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum
317. Small Pratincole Glareola lactea

STERNIDAE: (noddies & terns)
326. Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus anaethetus
327. Aleutian Tern Onychoprion aleutica
328. Little Tern Sterna albifrons albifrons
329. Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica
330. Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia
332. White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus grisea
333. Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus hybridus
335. Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii
336. Black-naped Tern Sterna sumatrana sumatrana
337. Common Tern Sterna hirundo
340. Lesser Crested Tern Sterna bengalensis bengalensis
341. Great Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii cristata

LARIDAE: (gulls & allies)
351. Brown-headed Gull Chroicephalus brunnicephalus
352. Black-headed Gull Chroicephalus ridibundus ridibundus

COLUMBIDAE: COLUMBINAE: (typical pigeons & doves)
358. Rock Pigeon Columba livia
362. Pale-capped Pigeon Columba punicea
365. Red Collared Dove Streptopelia tranquebarica humilis
366. Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis tigrina
368. Little Cuckoo Dove Macropygia ruficeps
369. Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica indica
370. Zebra Dove Geopelia striata striata
371. Nicobar Pigeon Caloenas nicobarica

COLUMBIDAE: TRERONINAE: (green-pigeons, fruit-doves, imperial-pigeons & allies)
372. Cinnamon-headed Green-pigeon Treron fulvicollis fulvicollis
373. Little Green-pigeon Treron olax olax
374. Pink-necked Green-pigeon Treron vernans griseicapilla
378. Thick-billed Green-pigeon Treron curvirostra curvirostra
379. Large Green Pigeon Treron capellei
382. Yellow-vented Pigeon Treron seimundi
383. Wedge-tailed Green-pigeon Treron sphenura
385. Jambu Fruit-dove Ptilinopus jambu
386. Green Imperial-pigeon Ducula aenea polia
387. Mountain Imperial-pigeon Ducula badia
388. Pied Imperial-pigeon Ducula bicolor bicolor

390. Blue-crowned Hanging-parrot Loriculus galgulus galgulus

390A. Yellow-crested Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea
390B. Tanimbar Corella Cacatua goffini

PSITTACIDAE: PSITTACINAE: (parrots & parakeets)
391. Blue-rumped Parrot Psittinus cyanurus
393. Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri
396. Red-breasted Parakeet Psittacula alexandri
397. Long-tailed Parakeet Psittacula longicauda longicauda

CUCULIDAE: CUCULINAE:(Old World cuckoos)
399. Chestnut-winged Cuckoo Clamator coromandus
400. Large Hawk-cuckoo Hierococcyx sparverioides sparverioides
404. Malaysian Hawk -cuckoo Hierococcyx fugax fugax
405. Hodgson’s Hawk Cuckoo Hierococcyx nisicolor nisicolor
406. Indian Cuckoo Cuculus micropterus micropterus
408. Oriental Cuckoo Cuculus horsfieldi
412. Banded Bay Cuckoo Cacomantis sonneratii malayanus
414. Plaintive Cuckoo Cacomantis merulinus threnodes
415. Rusty-breasted Cuckoo Cacomantis sepulcralis sepulcralis
416. Horsfield’s Bronze Cuckoo Chrysococcyx basalis
417. Little Bronze Cuckoo Chrysococcyx minutillus malayanus
419. Violet Cuckoo Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus xanthorhynchus
420. Drongo Cuckoo Surniculus lugubris barussarum, dicruroides
421. Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopacea malayana, scolopacea
421_LenaChow_030110_ video_soft-call_Singapore

423. Black-bellied Malkoha Rhopodytes diardi diardi
424. Chestnut-bellied Malkoha Rhopodytes sumatranus sumatranus
425. Green-billed Malkoha Rhopodytes tristis
429. Short-toed Coucal Centropus rectunguis
430. Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis bubutus
432. Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis javanensis

TYTONIDAE: TYTONINAE: (barn- and grass-owls)
433. Barn Owl Tyto alba javanica

435. Oriental Bay Owl Phodilus badius badius

STRIGIDAE: (typical owls)
439. Collared Scops Owl Otus lettica
440. Oriental Scops Owl Otus sunia malayanus
443. Barred Eagle-owl Bubo sumatranus sumatranus
445. Brown Fish Owl Ketupa zeylonensis
447. Buffy Fish Owl Ketupa ketupu ketupu
448. Spotted Wood Owl Strix seloputo seloputo
450. Brown Hawk Owl Strix leptogrammica
450_KCTsang_080910_video_adult-call_Catchment Forest-Singapore_forest
450_KC Tsang-??? [link not located]
459. Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus flammeus

464. Malaysian Eared-nightjar Eurostopodus temminckii

466. Grey Nightjar Caprimulgus jotaka
467. Large-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus macrurus bimaculatus
469. Savanna Nightjar Caprimulgus affinis affinis

APODIDAE: APODINAE: (typical swifts)
470. Waterfall Swift Hydrochous gigas
471. Glossy Swiftlet Collocalia esculenta cyanoptila
473. Black-nest Swiftlet Collocalia maxima maxima
474. Edible-nest Swiftlet Collocalia fuciphaga amechana
476. Silver-rumped Needletail Rhaphidura leucopygialis
477. White-throated Needletail Hirundapus caudacutus caudacutus
478. Silver-backed Needletail Hirundapus cochinchinensis
479. Brown-backed Needletail Hirundapus giganteus giganteus
480. Asian Palm-swift Cypsiurus balasiensis infumatus
482. Fork-tailed Swift Apus pacificus pacificus
484. House Swift Apus affinis subfurcatus

486. Grey-rumped Treeswift Hemiprocne longipennis harterti
487. Whiskered Treeswift Hemiprocne comata comata

TROGONIDAE (trogons)
488. Red-naped Trogon Harpactes kasumba kasumba
489. Diard’s Trogon Harpactes diardii sumatranus

CORACIIDAE: (rollers)
496. Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis orientalis, abundus

ALCEDINIDAE: HALCYONINAE: (larger kingfishers)
497. Rufous-collared Kingfisher Actenoides concretus concretus
498. Banded Kingfisher Lacedo pulchella
499. Stork-billed Kingfisher Pelargopsis capensis malaccensis
501. Ruddy Kingfisher Halcyon coromanda coromanda
502. White-throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis fusca
503. Black-capped Kingfisher Halcyon pileata
504. Collared Kingfisher Todiramphus chloris humii
504_Sun Chong Hong_call2_Singapore-urbanLINK
504_Sun Chong Hong_call3_Singapore-urbanLINK

ALCEDINIDAE: ALCEDININAE: (smaller kingfishers)
506. Black-backed Kingfisher Ceyx erithaca
507. Rufous-backed Kingfisher Ceyx rufidorsa
509. Blue-eared Kingfisher Alcedo meninting verreauxi
510. Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis bengalensis

MEROPIDAE: (bee-eaters)
517. Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus philippinus
518. Blue-throated Bee-eater Merops viridis viridis
519. Chestnut-headed Bee-eater Merops leschenaultis

UPUPIDAE: (hoopoes)
520. Common hoopoe Upupa epops

BUCEROTIDAE: (hornbills)
523. Bushy-crested hornbill Anorhinus galeritus
524. Oriental Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros albirostris convexus
525. Black Hornbill Anthracoceros malayanus
526. Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis
527. Rhinoceros Hornbill Buceros rhinoceros rhinoceros
528. Helmeted Hornbill Rhinoplax vigil
529. White-crowned Hornbill Berenicornis comatus
532. Plain-pouched Hornbill Aceros subruficollis
531. Wrinkled Hornbill Aceros corrugatus
533. Wreathed Hornbill Aceros undulates

534. Fire-tufted Barbet Psilopogon pyrolophus
534_AmarSingh_140510_adult call-1a_GBrinchang-CameronHighlands-Malaysia_forestLINK
534_AmarSingh_140510_juvenile-call-1a_GBrinchang-CameronHighlands, Malaysia_forestLINK
534_KCTsang_video_call_Fraser’s Hill-Pahang-Malaysia_forest
537. Lineated Barbet Megalaima lineata hodgsoni
538. Green-eared Barbet Megalaima faiostricta
539. Gold-whiskered barbet Megalaima chrysopogon
540. Red-crowned Barbet Megalaima rafflesii malayensis
541. Red-throated Barbet Megalaima mystacophanos
541_AmarSingh_???_call-1a-noise reduction_Ipoh-Perak-Malaysia
541_AmarSingh_???_call-1a-original amplified_Ipoh-Perak-Malaysia
542. Golden-throated Barbet Megalaima franklinii minor
543. Black-browed Barbet Megalaima oorti
545. Blue-throated Barbet Megalaima asiatica
547. Yellow-crowned Barbet Megalaima Apus pacificus pacificusRhinoplax vigilhenricii
548. Blue-eared Barbet Megalaima australis duvauceli
548_AmarSingh_300612_conflcit calls-1_KSFR-Ipoh-Perak-Malaysia_forestLINK
549. Coppersmith Barbet Megalaima haemacephala indica
549_SunChongHong_170211_video_call_Singapore_urban garden
550. Brown Barbet Calorhamphus fuliginosus

555. Rufous Piculet Sasia abnormis

PICUDAE: PICINAE: (typical woodpeckers)
558. Sunda Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos moluccensis
559. Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos cani class=emElanus caeruleus vociferus/em/emSurniculus lugubris barussarum, dicruroidesemcapillus
567. Rufous Woodpecker Micropternus brachyurus squamigularis
568. White-bellied Woodpecker Dryocopus javensis javensis
569. Banded Woodpecker (=Banded Yellownape) Chrysophlegma miniaceus malaccensis
571. Checker-throated Woodpecker Chrysophlegma mentalis humii
573. Crimson-winged Woodpecker Picus puniceus continentis
573_AmarSingh_140712_calls-2a_KSFR-Ipoh-Perak-Malaysia_forest – LINK to be included.
577. Laced Woodpecker Picus vittatus vittatus
580. Olive-backed Woodpecker Dinopium rafflesii rafflesii
582. Common Flameback Dinopium javanense javanense
582_AmarSingh_???_angry call-1_Ipoh-Perak-Malaysia
584. Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus chersonesus
589. Orange-backed Woodpecker Reinwardtipicus validus
590. Buff-rumped Woodpecker Meiglyptes tristis grammithora
592. Buff-necked Woodpecker Meiglyptes tukki tukki
593. Grey-and-buff Woodpecker Hemicircus concretus sordidus
595. Great Slaty Woodpecker Mulleripicus pulverulentus pulverulentus

EURYLAIMIDAE: CALYPTOMENINAE: (Asian green broadbills)
596. Green Broadbill Calyptomena viridis viridis

EURYLAIMIDAE: EURYLAIMINAE: (typical broadbills)
597. Long-tailed Broadbill Psarisomus dalhousiae
598. Dusky Broadbill Corydon sumatranus sumatranus
600. Black-and-red Broadbill Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos
601. Banded Broadbill Eurylaimus javanicus pallidus
602. Black-and-yellow Broadbill Eurylaimus ochromalus ochromalus

PITTIDAE: (pittas)
603. Hooded Pitta Pitta sordida cucullata
605. Blue-winged Pitta Pitta moluccensis
606. Mangrove Pitta Pitta megarhyncha
606_OngEiLeen_video_call_Pasir Ris Park-Singapore_mangrove
615. Garnet Pitta Pitta granatina coccinea
607. Giant Pitta Pitta caerulea
608. Blue Pitta Pitta cyanea
609. Rusty-naped Pitta Pitta oatesi
613. Banded Pitta Pitta guajana

ACANTHIZIDAE: (gerygones & allies0
617. Golden-bellied Gerygone Gerygone sulphurea sulphurea

EUPETIDAE: (rail-babblers & allies)
618. Rail-babbler Eupetes macrocerus

CAMPEPHAGIDAE: (cuckooshrikes, trillers, minivets & allies)
626. Javan Cuckooshrike Coracina javensis
627. Bar-bellied Cuckooshrike Coracina striata sumatrensis
630. Lesser Cuckooshrike Coracina fimbriata culminata
632. Pied Triller Lalage nigra nigra
632_AmarSingh_160411_female call-composite_Ipoh-Perak-Malaysia_urban-gardenLINK
635. Ashy Minivet Pericrocotus divaricatus divaricatus
637. Fiery Minivet Pericrocotus igneus igneus
642. Scarlet Minivet Pericrocotus speciosuss

PACHYCEPHALIDAE: (whistlers & allies)
643. Mangrove Whistler Pachycephala cinerea

ORIOLIDAE: (orioles & allies)
644. Dark-throated Oriole Oriolus xanthonotus xanthonotus
647. Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis maculatus, diffusus
647_SunChongHong_250310_ video_juvenile-call_Singapore_highrise-apartment
647_AmarSingh_091010_adult-fledglings-agitated-call-1a_Tambun Interior-Perak-MalaysiaLINK
647_SunChongHong_011010_16 calls_Singapore_urban-rural
647_SunChongHong_270411_video-audio calls_Singapore-urban-rural
647_SunChongHong_300712_video-50 calls_Singapore_urban-rural
649. Black-and-crimson Oriole Oriolus cruentus

ARTAMIDEA: (woodswallows)

GENEAR INCERTAE SEDIS: (woodshrikes, flycatcher-shrikes & philentomas)
654. Large Woodshrike Tephrodornis gularis fretensis
659. Maroon-breasted Philentoma Philentoma velata caesia

660. Common Iora Aegithina tiphia singapurensis
660_SunChongHong_Dec2009_call2a_Singapore_urban – LINK
660_AmarSingh_220810_juvenile-begging call_Ipoh-Perak-Malaysia_garden
661. Green Iora Aegithina viridissima viridissima

RHIPIDURIDAE: (fantails)
666. Pied Fantail Rhipidura javanica longicauda
666_AmarSingh_020510_call-1a-2_Ipoh-Perak-Malaysia_urban gardenLINK

DICRURIDAE: (drongos)
668. Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus cathoecus
669. Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus leucogenis
670. Crow-billed Drongo Dicrurus annectans annectans
673. Greater Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus paradiseus platurus
673_AmarSingh_240410_song-1a_KSFR-Perak, MalaysiaLINK
673_LenaChow_261011_video_distress call_Upper Seletar-Singapore_forest

MONARCHIDAE: (monarchs, paradise-flycatchers & allies)
676. Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea prophata
677. Asian Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi incei
678. Japanese Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone atrocaudata

CORVIDAE: (crows, nutcrackers, magpies, jays, treepies & allies)
679. House Crow Corvus splendens protegatus
680. Slender-billed Crow Corvus enca
682. Large-billed Crow Corvus japonensis
697. Racket-tailed Treepie Cyrpsirina temia
699. Black Magpie Platysmurus leucopterus
701. Crested Jay Platylophus galericulatus

LANIIDAE: (shrikes)
702. Tiger Shrike Lanius tigrinus
704. Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus luconiensis, cristatus, superciliosus
706. Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach bentet

NECTARINIIDAE: ( sunbirds & spiderhunters)
709. Plain Sunbird Anthreptes simplex simplex
710. Brown-throated Sunbird Anthreptes malacensis malacensis
710_Lena Chow_240512_video_preening-call_Singapore_urban
710_Sun Chong Hong_300711_video_male-female-calls_Singapore_highrise-apartment
711. Red-throated Sunbird Anthreptes rhodolaema
713. Van Hasselt’s Sunbird (Purple-throated) Leptcoma brasiliana
714. Copper-throated Sunbird Nectarinia calcostetha calcostetha
716. Olive-backed Sunbird Nectarinia jugularis microleuca
717. Crimson Sunbird Aethopyga siparaja siparaja
718. Temminck’s Sunbird Aethopyga temminckii
721. Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturata
724. Ruby-cheeked Sunbird Chalcoparia singalensis
727. Purple-naped Sunbird Hypogramma hypogrammicum macularia
726. Grey-breasted Spiderhunter Arachnothera affinis modesta
726_AmarSingh_180312-juvenile-morning-call_Bt Tinggi-Pahang_forest
727. Streaked Spiderhunter Arachnothera magna
728. Little Spiderhunter Arachnothera longirostra longirostra
729. Thick-billed Spiderhunter Arachnothera crassirostris
730. Long-billed Spiderhunter Arachnothera robusta
731. Spectacled Spiderhunter Arachnothera flavigaster
731_AmarSingh_call-1c-background noise removed_Ipoh-Perak-Malaysia_forestLINK
732. Yellow-eared Spiderhunter Arachnothera chrysogenys

DICAEIDAE: (flowerpeckers)
733. Thick-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum agile sordidum
736. Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker Prionochilus maculatus maculatus
737. Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum percussus
738. Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum thoracicus
739. Yellow-vented Flowerpecker Dicaeum chrysorrheum
740. Orange-bellied Flowerpecker Dicaeum trigonostigma
740_AmarSingh_Nov.2011_feeding calls-2a_KSFR-Perak-Malaysia_forestLINK
742. Plain Flowerpecker Dicaeum minullum
743. Fire-breasted (Buff-bellied) Flowerpecker Dicaeum ignipectus
744. Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker Dicaeum cruentatum ignitum

CHLOROPSEIDAE: (leafbirds)
745. Greater Green Leafbird Chloropsis sonnerati zosterops
746. Lesser Green Leafbird Chloropsis cyanopogon cyanopogon
747. Blue-winged Leafbird Chloropsis cochinchinensis icterocephala
747_AmarSingh_130512_adult-male-foraging call_KSFR-Ipoh-Perak-Malaysia_forestLINK.
747_AmarSingh_130512_adult-male-foraging call_KSFR-Ipoh-Perak-Malaysia_forestLINK.
748. Golden-fronted Leafbird Chloropsis aurifrons
749. Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii

IRENIDAE: (fairy-bluebirds)
750. Asian Fairy Bluebird Irena puella malayensis

PLOCEIDAE: (weavers & allies)
755. Streaked Weaver Ploceus manyar
756. Baya Weaver Ploceus philippinus infortunatus
757. Asian Golden Weaver Ploceus hypoxanthus

ESTRILDIDAE: ESTRILDINAE: (avadavats &allies)
758. Red Avadavat Amandava amandava

ESTRILDIDAE: LONCHURINAE: (Java sparrows, munias, parrotfinches & allies)
758A. Java Sparrow Padda oryzivora
758A_AmarSingh_???_courtship/conflict calls-1a_Ipoh-Perak-Malaysia_limestone-hills
758A_AmarSingh_280112_calls-1a_Ipoh-Perak-Malaysia_limestone hillsLINK
759. White-rumped Munia Lonchura striata subsquamicollis
759A. Javan Munia Lonchura leucogastroides
760. Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata fretensis
—. Dusky Munia Lonchura fuscans
761. White-bellied Munia Lonchura leucogastra
762. Chestnut (Black-headed) Munia Lonchura atricapilla
763. White-headed Munia Lonchura maja maja

PASSERIDAE: (sparrows & allies)
766. House Sparrow Passer domesticus
767. Plain-backed Sparrow Passer flaveolus
768. Eurasian Tree-sparrow Passer montanus malaccensis

MOTACILLIDAE: (wagtails & pipits)
772. Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus
777. Paddyfield Pipit Anthus rufulus sinensis
779. Forest Wagtail Dendronanthus indicus
780. White Wagtail Motacilla alba ocularis, leucopsis
782. Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea melanope
783. Western Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava simillima, taivana
785. Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola

FRINGILLIDAE:CARDUELINAE: (siskins, serins, finches, grosbeakc & allies)
801. Brown Bullfinch Pyrrhura nipalensis

FRINGILLIDAE: FRINGILLINAE (bramblings & chaffinches))

EMBERIZIDAE: (buntings & allies)
825. Yellow-breasted Bunting Emberiza aureola
SITTIDAE (nuthatches)
831. Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis saturatior

STURNIDAE: STURNINAE: (mynas, starlings & allies)
846. Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus brevipennis
847. White-vented Myna Acridotheres grandis
848. Jungle Myna Acridotheres fuscus
848A. Javan Myna Acridotheres javanicus
850. Common Myna Acridotheres tristis tristis
850A. Black-winged Myna (Starling) Acridotheres melanopterus
858. White-shouldered Starling Sturnus sinensis
859. Purple-backed Starling Sturnus sturninus
860. Chestnut-cheeked Starling Sturnus philippensis
861. Rosy Starling Sturnus roseus
862. Common Starling Sturnus vulgaris
863. Asian Glossy Starling Aplonis panayensis strigatus
865. Common Hill-myna Gracula religiosa javana
865_Su ChongHong_040211_video_songs-Singapore_urban

TURDIDAE: (thrushes, cochoas, grandlals & allies)
866. Chestnut-capped Thrush Zoothera interpres
867. Orange-headed Thrush Zoothera citrina citrina
874. Siberian Thrush Zoothera sibirica davisoni, sibirica
889. Eyebrowed Thrush Turdus obscurus obscurus

MUSCICAPIDAE: SAXICOLINAE: (shortwings, robins, redstarts, rock-thrushes, chats, forktails, whistling-thrushes & allies)
895. Lesser Shortwing Brachypteryx leucophrys
905. Siberian Blue Robin Luscinia cyane cyane
907. White-tailed Robin Myiomela leucura
917. White-throated Rock Thrush Monticola gulari
918. Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius pandoo
918_AmarSingh_080510_call-5a_Ipoh-Perak-Malaysia_linestone hillsLINK
918_AmarSingh_080510_call-2a_Ipoh-Perak-Malaysia_linestone hillsLINK
922. Eastern (Siberian) Stonechat Saxicola maurus
932*. Chestnut-naped Forktail Enicurus ruficapillus
937. Malayan Whistling-thrush Myophonus robinsoni
938. Blue Whistling-thrush Myophonus caeruleus

MUSCICAPIDAE: MUSCICAPINAE: (Old World flycatchers & allies)
946. Blue-throated Flycatcher Cyornis rubeculoides
948. Mangrove Blue Flycatcher Cyornis rufigastra rufigastra
951. Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassinus
956. Large Niltavas Niltava grandis
958. Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia
959. Narcissus Flycatcher Ficedula narcissina elisae
961. Mugimaki Flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki
967. Little Pied Flycatcher Ficedula westermanni
967_AmarSingh_270110_male-at-nest-1_Cameron Highlands-Pahang-Malaysia_forestLINK
967_AmarSingh_270110_male-at-nest-2_Cameron Highlands-Pahang-Malaysia_forestLINK
973. Ferruginous Flycatcher Muscicapa ferruginea
976. Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica sibirica
977. Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa dauurica latirostris
980. Blue-and-white Flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana cumatilis
981. Brown-chested Jungle Flycatcher Rhinomyias brunneata
984. Oriental Magpie-robin Copsychus saularis musicus
984_SunChongHong_280411_mimics OrioleBN-call1_Singapore_highrise apartmentLINK
984_SunChongHong_280411_call2-1_Singapore_highrise apartmentLINK
984_SunChongHong_300411_video_call_Singapore_highrise apartment
985. White-rumped Shama Copsychus malabaricus mallopercna
985_Ama/a/arSingh_060410_male adult_KSFR-Ipoh-Perak-Malaysia_forestLINK
985_AmarSingh_101010_immature-alarm call_Ipoh-Perak-Malaysia_limestone hills

PARIDAE: (typical tits)
995. Sultan Tit Melanochlora sultanea

1010. Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus
1012. Black-and-white Bulbul Pycnonotus melanoleucos
1013. Black-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus atriceps atriceps
1014. Black-crested Bulbul Pycnonotus flaviventris
1014_AmarSingh_150810_call-1a_Cameron Highlands-Pahang-Malaysia_forestLINK
1014_AmarSingh_150810_call-1b-noise removed_Cameron Highlands-Pahang-Malaysia_forestLINK
1015. Scaly-breasted Bulbul Pycnonotus squamatus569_AmarSingh_150610_multiple-call-1b_KSFR-Ipoh-Perak-Malaysia_plantation
1016. Grey-bellied Bulbul Pycnonotus cyaniventris cyaniventris
1017. Puff-backed Bulbul Pycnonotus eutilotus
1018. Striped-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus finlaysoni
1020. Yellow-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus goiavier personatus
1020_AmarSingh_???_territorial call_Ipoh-Perak-Malaysia_urban
1021. Olive-winged Bulbul Pycnonotus plumosus plumosus
1023. Cream-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus simplex simplex
1024. Red-eyed Bulbul Pycnonotus brunneus brunneus
1025. Spectacled Bulbul Pycnonotus erythropthalmos erythropthalmos
1026. Red-whiskered Bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus erythrotis
1030. Sooty-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus aurigaster aurigaster, cafer
1032. Grey-eyed Bulbul Iole propinqua
1033. Buff-vented Bulbul Iole oliva
1034. Hairy-backed Bulbul Tricholestes criniger
1035. Finsch’s Bulbul Alophoixus finschii
1036. Yellow-bellied Bulbul Alophoixus phaeocephalus phaeocephalus
1037. Grey-cheeked Bulbul Alophoixus bres
1040. Ochraceous Bulbul Alophoixus ochraceus
1041. Streaked Bulbul Ixos malaccensis malaccensis
1042. Ashy Bulbul Hemixos flavala
1045. [Himalayan] Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus

HIRUNDINIDAE: HIRUNDININAE: (martins, swallows & allies)
1048. Asian House-martin Delichon dasypus
1050. Common Sand Martin Riparia riparia
1054. Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica gutturalis
1056. House (Pacific) Swallow Hirundo tahitica abbotti
1057. Red-rumped Swallow Hirundo daurica

PHYLLOSCOPIDAE: (Secercus & phylloscopus wrarblers)
1090. Yellow-breasted Warbler

1091. Eastern Crowned Warbler Phylloscopus c717_AmarSingh_120812_calls-5a_Ipoh-Perak-Malaysia_limestone-hillesemoronatus coronatus
1102. Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis borealis
1102_AmarSingh_311011_call-1b_KSFR-Ipoh-Perak-Malaysia_forest/a> – LINK
1110. Yellow-browed (Inornate) Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus
1118. Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus

TIMALIIDAE: (babblers)
1146. Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus
1147. Japanese White-eye Zosterops japonicus
1148. Everett’s White-eye Zosterops everettis

LANIIDAE: (shrikes)
702. Tiger Shrike – ite-eye-nesting-material-calls-1a.mp3′>1148_AmarSingh_140710_call-1a_KSFR-Ipoh-Perak-Malaysia_forest
1161. Mountain Fulvetta Alcippe peracensis
1164. Brown Fulvetta Alcippe brunneicauda
1174. Chestnut-winged Babbler Stachyris erythroptera
1181. White-browned Scinitar Babblar Pomatorhinus schisticeps
1182. Chestnut-backed Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus montanus
1197. Pin-striped Tit-babbler Macronus gularis gularis
1199. Fluffy-backed Tit-babbler Macronus ptilosus
1203. Black-capped Babbler Pellorneum capistratum
1204. Puff-throated Babbler Pellorneum ruficepss
1206. Moustached Babbler Malacopteron magnirostre
1211. Abbott’s Babbler Malacocincla abbotti olivacea
1213. Short-tailed Babbler Malacocincla malaccensis
1214. White-chested Babbler Trichastoma rostratum
1225. White-hooded Babbler Gamsorhynchus rufulus
1247. White-crested Laughingthrush Garrulax leucolopus
1247_LenaChow_080712_video_very long laugh_Singapore_urban
1253. Spectacled Laughingthrush (=Chestnut-capped L) Rhinocichla mitrata
1252. Black Laughingthrush Melanocichla lugubris
1258. [Chinese] Hwamei Garrulax canorus
1269. Assam Laughingthrush Trochalopteron chrysopterum [formerly Chestnut-crowned L]
1269_AmarSingh_200712_call_GBrinchang-Cameron Highlands-Malaysia_forestLINK
1269_AmarSingh_200712_call_GBrinchang-Cameron Highlands-Malaysia_forestLINK
1269_AmarSingh_270612_call_GBrinchang-Cameron Highlands-Malaysia_forest
1278. Bar-throated Minla (Chestnut-Tailed) Chrysominla strigula
1278_AmarSingh_270612_calls-1a_GBrinchang-Cameron Highlands_Pahang-Malaysia_forestLINK
1280. Blue-winged (Minla) Siva Siva cyanouroptera
1281. Silver-eared Mesia Mesia argentauris
1282_AmarSingh_140510_adult-call-1a_GBrinchang-Cameron Highlands-Malaysia_forestLINK
1284. Long-tailed Sibia Heterophasia picaoides

ACROCEPHALIDAE: (Acrocephalus warblers & allies)
1296. Black-browed Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus bistrigiceps
1303. Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis

MEGALURIDAE: (grasshopper warblers, Bradypterus bush-warblers)
1306. Rusty-rumped (Pallas’s) Warbler Locustella certhiola
1307. Lanceolated Warbler Locustella lanceolata

CISTICOLIDAE: (cisticolas, tailorbirds, prinias & allies)
1314. Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis malaya
1316. Ashy Tailorbird Orthotomus ruficeps ruficeps
1316_LeongTziMing-RSubaraj_100711_duetting_Pasir Ris-Singapore_mangroveLINK
1316_AmarSingh_200111_adult-male-call-1a_Interior Tambun-Perak-Malaysia_forestLINK
1316_AmarSingh_200111_adult-male-call-2a_Interior Tambun-Perak-Malaysia_forestLINK
1317. Rufous-tailed Tailorbird Orthotomus sericeus hesperius
1318. Dark-necked Tailorbird Orthotomus atrogularis atrogularis
1319. Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius maculicollis
1319_???_adult-call-with-juvenile-2a [details unknown]
1322. Yellow-bellied Prinia Prinia flaviventris rafflesi

YC Wee
September 2012
Image courtesy of Dato’ Dr Amar-Singh HSS

If you like this post please tap on the Like button at the left bottom of page. Any views and opinions expressed in this article are solely those of the authors/contributors, and are not endorsed by the Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum (LKCNHM, NUS) or its affiliated institutions. Readers are encouraged to use their discretion before making any decisions or judgements based on the information presented.

YC Wee

Dr Wee played a significant role as a green advocate in Singapore through his extensive involvement in various organizations and committees: as Secretary and Chairman for the Malayan Nature Society (Singapore Branch), and with the Nature Society (Singapore) as founding President (1978-1995). He has also served in the Nature Reserve Board (1987-1989), Nature Reserves Committee (1990-1996), National Council on the Environment/Singapore Environment Council (1992-1996), Work-Group on Nature Conservation (1992) and Inter-Varsity Council on the Environment (1995-1997). He is Patron of the Singapore Gardening Society and was appointed Honorary Museum Associate of the Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum (LKCNHM) in 2012. In 2005, Dr Wee started the Bird Ecology Study Group. With more than 6,000 entries, the website has become a valuable resource consulted by students, birdwatchers and researchers locally and internationally. The views and opinions expressed in this article are his own, and do not represent those of LKCNHM, the National University of Singapore or its affiliated institutions.

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