White-headed Munia – feeding juveniles

posted in: birds, Feeding chicks, Feeding-plants | 0

Observed a small social group of 3 adults and 3 juveniles White-headed Munia (Lonchura maja maja) this morning. The usual clutch size is 4-5 (Wells 2007); on this occasion here were only 3 juveniles.

Some observations on feeding of juveniles:

  1. I have seen a number of these feeding episodes over the years and juveniles will usually mob and chase the adult.
  2. These three juveniles were fed only grass seeds; no animal prey feeding was observed. One of the main grass seed fed today was Cynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass).
  3. The juveniles will call out constantly for food and these calls will reach a frenzy when the adult approaches.
  4. The adult will collect a number of grass seeds in the beak and then feed more than one juvenile. Due to the small size of the items, food is placed directly into the beak of juveniles.
  5. I am fairly certain only one of the adults was involved in feeding the juveniles. The other two were feeding self but together as a social group. I wonder if it was the adult female doing all the feeding? Wells (2007) says both parents “tend nestlings and fledglings”.


  1. Wells, D.R. (2007). The birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 2 (Passarines). Christopher Helm, London.
  2. Peter Clement, Alan Harris, John Davis. Finches and Sparrows: An identification Guide. Princeton University Press. 1993.


Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr)

Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Are you are wondering why so many of Amar’s contributions? See HERE.

Location: Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Overgrown graveyard

Date: 13th July 2020

Equipment: Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone




Follow YC Wee:

Dr Wee played a significant role as a green advocate in Singapore through his extensive involvement in various organizations and committees: as Secretary and Chairman for the Malayan Nature Society (Singapore Branch), and with the Nature Society (Singapore) as founding President (1978-1995). He has also served in the Nature Reserve Board (1987-1989), Nature Reserves Committee (1990-1996), National Council on the Environment/Singapore Environment Council (1992-1996), Work-Group on Nature Conservation (1992) and Inter-Varsity Council on the Environment (1995-1997). He is Patron of the Singapore Gardening Society and was appointed Honorary Museum Associate of the Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum (LKCNHM) in 2012. In 2005, Dr Wee started the Bird Ecology Study Group. With more than 6,000 entries, the website has become a valuable resource consulted by students, birdwatchers and researchers locally and internationally. The views and opinions expressed in this article are his own, and do not represent those of LKCNHM, the National University of Singapore or its affiliated institutions.

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