White-browed Crake – preening and odd oral movements

on 4th December 2016

“When these shy White-browed Crake (Porzana cinerea) offer opportunities, I am grateful to receive them. The 4 of the 6 birds were very accommodating. I had extended observations, including many preening episodes.

“A video of 3 separate birds preening is here:

“Note that there are odd oral movements as part of the preening – see the first one third of the video…. They were very reminiscent of the snipe I posted much earlier that demonstrated rhynchokinesis – see HERE, except here there is no apparent flexing of the upper mandible.

“I have seen this hyper-extension of the oral cavity with some wetland birds as part of preening behaviour. I wonder if it serves the same function as stretching the leg and wings out (below)?

CrakeWB-preen [AmarSingh]

Hans Peeters of California, USA responded: “… I have seen beak-snapping, accompanied by variable head jerks, in many other birds. In raptors it is commonly observed during (or just after) feeding, with the apparent function of aiding the passage of food or other material down the GI tract, or, alternately, to eject an item or pellet of indigestible material taken in with food. Notice that in your video, the rail seems to make a brief attempt (involving shaking of the head) to regurgitate something that has perhaps lodged in the esophagus or the proventriculus. Head scratching serves not only as an attempt to remove parasites but also to get rid of dirt, molted feathers and what have you.”

CrakeWB-preen [AmarSingh]

Amar agreed “…that ‘beak-snapping, accompanied by variable head jerks’ are part of aiding food down the oesophagus in many birds (above). [But] This chap has been foraging but had stopped for quite some time. First to have a bath (image attached but poor view, see below). Then walked up to a dry spot on the dead branches to have a long preen. During which the mandible movements were observed.


“So I am inclined to think they are part of preening.
Just like the snipe I posted (and you kindly comment on) – there was no reason for the beak movements except to ‘exercise’ the mandibles?”

Dato’ Dr Amar-Singh HSS
Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
21st May 2014

Hans Peeters
California, USA
24th May 2014

Location: Tambun Interior, Perak, Malaysia
Habitat: Fish farming, ex-mining pools, limestone hills nearby

If you like this post please tap on the Like button at the left bottom of page. Any views and opinions expressed in this article are solely those of the authors/contributors, and are not endorsed by the Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum (LKCNHM, NUS) or its affiliated institutions. Readers are encouraged to use their discretion before making any decisions or judgements based on the information presented.

YC Wee

Dr Wee played a significant role as a green advocate in Singapore through his extensive involvement in various organizations and committees: as Secretary and Chairman for the Malayan Nature Society (Singapore Branch), and with the Nature Society (Singapore) as founding President (1978-1995). He has also served in the Nature Reserve Board (1987-1989), Nature Reserves Committee (1990-1996), National Council on the Environment/Singapore Environment Council (1992-1996), Work-Group on Nature Conservation (1992) and Inter-Varsity Council on the Environment (1995-1997). He is Patron of the Singapore Gardening Society and was appointed Honorary Museum Associate of the Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum (LKCNHM) in 2012. In 2005, Dr Wee started the Bird Ecology Study Group. With more than 6,000 entries, the website has become a valuable resource consulted by students, birdwatchers and researchers locally and internationally. The views and opinions expressed in this article are his own, and do not represent those of LKCNHM, the National University of Singapore or its affiliated institutions.

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