Sighting of the Red Avadavat

on 5th June 2008

The Red Avadavat (Amandava amandavat), also known as Red Munia and Strawberry Finch, is a South Asian bird the size of a sparrow. Because of its colourful plumage, it is a popular cage bird. A number of countries, including Malaysia and Singapore, harbour introduced populations.

According to Wang & Hails (2007), the Red was introduced into Singapore as early as the 1880s. Since then it has been sighted on and off but there has been no confirmation of breeding.

On 25st May 2008, KC Tsang sighted five birds, attracted by their “glaring red color… so obvious against the 
greenery.” They were feeding 
on grass seeds. He managed to get a portrait shot of a male bird in breeding plumage (above).

Robson (2005) lists it as a scarce feral bird. The Annotated Checklist (Wang & Hails, 2007) lists it under an appendix on escapees. However, the Pocket Checklist (Lim, 2007) does not list it, but this is not a problem as it is not a scientific publication.

Margie Hall wrote that “To get into the Checklists I think it would have to be “Introduced” in the sense of ‘recorded as having a (feral) breeding population.’ So I think you have a nice little project of watching your gang of five (possibly a post-Vesak troop) and see what transpires over the next few years. Enjoy, and keep us updated.”

Timothy Pwee added, “…there is an interesting question here: how many feral bird sightings are there per year in Singapore? The number and density of different species sighted would provide an indication of the size and trends in the bird trade.”

Can we assume that these five birds are recent Vesak Day releases? These birds have been around since 1880s, although the population has been fluctuating widely. Can we further assume that the early introductions disappeared through natural deaths and predation? Are there any chances that at least a few may have successfully breed? R Subaraj reported that he did observe breeding at various locations on and off. However, since the population did not sustain through the years the Red Avadavat is still on the escapee list.

We know very well that the majority of our local birdwatchers, at least since the early 1990s, are more interested in listing rather than observing bird behaviour, including breeding behaviour. Can this lack of interest contribute to most birders not knowing that the bird was actually breeding?

Now that photographer, including birder-photographers like KC, are aggressively documenting behaviour, we may well unearth hard evidence like an image of the Red Avadavat breeding locally that birders cannot dismiss easily.

Lim, K. S. (2007). Pocket checklist of the birds of the Republic of Singapore. Nature Society (Singapore) Bird Group Records Committee.
2. Robson, C. (2005). Birds of South-east Asia. London: New Holland.
3. Wang, L.K. & Hails, C. J. (2007) An annotated checklist of birds of Singapore. Raffles Bull. Zool. Suppl. 15:1-179.

If you like this post please tap on the Like button at the left bottom of page. Any views and opinions expressed in this article are solely those of the authors/contributors, and are not endorsed by the Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum (LKCNHM, NUS) or its affiliated institutions. Readers are encouraged to use their discretion before making any decisions or judgements based on the information presented.

YC Wee

Dr Wee played a significant role as a green advocate in Singapore through his extensive involvement in various organizations and committees: as Secretary and Chairman for the Malayan Nature Society (Singapore Branch), and with the Nature Society (Singapore) as founding President (1978-1995). He has also served in the Nature Reserve Board (1987-1989), Nature Reserves Committee (1990-1996), National Council on the Environment/Singapore Environment Council (1992-1996), Work-Group on Nature Conservation (1992) and Inter-Varsity Council on the Environment (1995-1997). He is Patron of the Singapore Gardening Society and was appointed Honorary Museum Associate of the Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum (LKCNHM) in 2012. In 2005, Dr Wee started the Bird Ecology Study Group. With more than 6,000 entries, the website has become a valuable resource consulted by students, birdwatchers and researchers locally and internationally. The views and opinions expressed in this article are his own, and do not represent those of LKCNHM, the National University of Singapore or its affiliated institutions.

Other posts by YC Wee

3 responses

  1. Saw a female in my garden (Upper Thomson) feeding on grass seeds in late August 2009. Didn’t fly off in fright when I first saw it but was gone when I came back with my camera.

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