Brahminy Kite with worn out feathers

posted in: Feathers-maintenance | 7

“I was reading with interest Luan Keng’s earlier explanation of a Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus) in fright moult. I was wondering if the same explanation could be made for the attached ‘raggedy’ brahminy spotted at Tanah Merah Coast Road in January 2010. I didn’t witness any aerial battles but the bird seemed a lot worse for wear. Besides the missing wing feathers, of particular interest are the ‘new’ tail feathers that are coming in. Though the bird was clearly not in full plumage, nevertheless it was gliding as gracefully as any of the other full-feathered brahminies on that hot morning,” wrote Lim Poh Bee on 8th March 2010.

The image was sent to field ornithologist Wang Luan Keng who replied, “Wow, this bird has got some really worn out flight feathers on the wings and tail. Looks like it is growing its innermost primaries (P1-4), with the outermost primaries P5-10 still not replaced. At least 3 of the primaries (p1-3) seemed to have been replaced together, with P4 soon after. This is quite amazing for such a big bird, as losing 3-4 feathers would create a large gap in the wing, which is not aerodynamically efficient. This is not an accidental moult either as both sides of the wings are pretty symmetrical in the moult pattern.

“The tail is also very interesting – I don’t think the tail feathers are coming in. The outer tail feathers looked more like highly worn out but I have never seen anything like this before and can’t comment further. This is really interesting.”

Responded Poh Bee, “Yes, most interesting indeed. While I was observing the bird I kept wondering how it could still be flying and gliding with so many missing and raggedy feathers.”

Image by Lim Poh Bee.


7 Responses

  1. Howard Banwell

    Terrific post. Without photos of such things, this would just be a note in some birdwatcher’s book as “Brahminy Kite, rather ragged wings and tail”

  2. I didn’t had my camera with me, but I once saw a brahminy kite with a big chunk of visibly missing wing feathers. Looked like a hole in the wings, and it was still flying about near the coast off e-gate Penang.

  3. Pity though. A photograph would have allowed interpretation of the condition. Cameras are becoming more and more useful in birdwatching – credibility in sightings of rare birds, documentation of unusual behavior, to name just a few….

  4. […] Bird Ecology Study Group » Brahminy Kite with worn out feathers […]

  5. hi i m from pakistan, i hav a brahminy kite bt there is a spot a round shaped flash object over its tail, is it a disease or usual sign, by bird also cant fly continueskt, please tell me on thanks

  6. Lee Chiu San

    I postulate that this bird was released or escaped from captivity. Extremely worn tail feathers with fairly long shafts still intact are often seen on captured wild hanging by their claws on the bars of wire cages. As the bird perches head upwards on the vertical bars, the tail feathers come through the spaces in between.

    The central tail feathers could have been lost during capture, along with some wing feathers. When feathers are plucked from a bird, they often grow back quickly, even outside of the regular moulting season.

    However, damaged feathers with the shafts still in the bird, like the other tail feathers, the two primaries and some of the secondaries, are usually not replaced until the next moult.


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