Who stole the nest-hole??!!

posted in: Nesting, Nests, Parrots | 0

“In mid-January 2018, it was an absolute delight to document the nest-hole excavation by a dedicated pair of Laced Woodpeckers (Picus vittatus) see LINK. And so in early February, I returned to the same site with eager anticipation and the prospect of monitoring the progress of their breeding attempt.

Red-breasted Parakeets

“But to my utter dismay and disbelief, I was greeted with the sight of Red-breasted Parakeets (Psittacula alexandri) instead (above)!

Red-breasted Parakeet

“The favourite resting perch of the meek male Woodpecker was now usurped by a proud parakeet (above)! And another was rudely poking its posterior out of the nest-hole below (below)!

Red-breasted Parakeet

“Video clips of these bold and brash parakeets inspecting the nest-hole and occupying the perch may be previewed below:

“It’s such a pity that after all the time and effort that the industrious woodpeckers had invested into carving out their potential breeding cavity, this nest-hole had been brazenly taken over by another bird species. A pertinent reminder of the sometimes unpredictable and often under-studied inter-specific interactions that can occur within small habitats.”

Dr. Leong Tzi Ming
14th December 2019

Red-throated Sunbird – female plumage

Image 1. Female Red-throated Sunbird.

“The Macaranga bancana fruits will almost always attract the near threatened (Red Data Status) Red-throated Sunbird (Anthreptes rhodolaemus). Apart from this fruit I have seen them feed on the nectar of a number of a Mistletoe species. Having watched on nesting recently, young are also brought animal prey.

Image 2. Female Red-throated Sunbird.

“Images 1-4 are of females. I have images of the more wary male but would like to focus on the female plumage:

Image 3. Female Red-throated Sunbird.

1. The female is said by a number of sources (Helm Identification Guide on Sunbirds 2001 & HBW 2019) to have an eye-ring but, having seen quite number, they are better described as eyelid-rims; the lower eye-lid rim being much large then the upper (see Image 2). Wells (2007) also states eyelid-rims.

Image 4. Female Red-throated Sunbird.

2. Another feature not mentioned in the female is the throat which is tinged orange (see Image 3). This can only been seen in good light and is present in some of the OBI images.

Image 5. Another female Red-throated Sunbird.

3. A third feature is the “speckled effect’ (see Wells 2007) on the cap and even the mantel (not mentioned).

Image 6. Another female Red-throated Sunbird.

“The Macaranga bancana fruits twice a year and attracts a large number of bird species. I have seen more than 25 species visit this tree. I had an opportunity to watch a large number of birds feeding today including a number of sunbirds. Birds will actively and competitively search for fruit from early in the morning (before 7am) until that days’ supply is exhausted by frantic feeding (usually by 9am). Macaranga bancana is the opiate of the birds.

Image 7. The shy male Red-throated Sunbird.

“The Sunbirds and Spiderhunters that I have observed feeding on the Macaranga bancana fruit include:
1. Purple-naped Sunbird Hypogramma hypogrammicum
2. Plain Sunbird Anthreptes simplex
3. Red-throated Sunbird Anthreptes rhodolaemus
4. Ruby-cheeked Sunbird Chalcoparia singalensis
5. Brown-throated (Plain-throated) Sunbird Anthreptes malacensis
6. Grey-breasted Spiderhunter Arachnothera modesta
7. Yellow-eared Spiderhunter Arachnothera chrysogenys
8. Spectacled Spiderhunter Arachnothera flavigaster
9. Little Spiderhunter Arachnothera longirostra

Image 8. The shy male Red-throated Sunbird.

Dato’ Dr Amar-Singh HSS
Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
12th December 2019

Location: Kledang-Sayong Forest Reserve, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
Habitat: Broken trail in primary jungle

A phalanx of Asian Openbills arrived in Singapore

posted in: uncategorised | 0

In January 2013, Johnny Wee encountered a few Asian Openbills (Anastomus oscitans) at Seletar West Link – see HERE. This was probably the first record for Singapore.

Asian Openbills (Photo: Johnny Wee).

This time around the openbills arrived at least by more than a thousand, according to field ornithologist Wang Luan Keng.

Risk Koh recorded on video more than a hundred feeding at Kranji Marshes on 14th December 2019. The video was taken from KM Tower which gave him some shelter from the rain (see below).

Resident in India, Sri Lanka to Thailand, these Asian Openbills have been migrating southwards since a few years ago. A cold front forced them to fly south in search of food. Up to a thousand birds were seen in Perak, Malaysia in 2013, believed to have flown from south Thailand LINK. And since then they are common in Peninsular Malaysia LINK. Now they have arrived in Singapore.

Asian Openbills feed mainly on Golden Apple Snails LINK.

Risk Koh & Wang Luan Keng
15th December 2019

Call of the Lineated Barbet

posted in: Videography, Vocalisation | 1
Photo: Dato’ Dr Amar-Singh HSS.

Dr. Jean Ho’s video was recorded this morning from her residence. She had earlier recorded the haunting call but only now was the call identified.

The video was sent to field ornithologist Wang Luan Keng who identified the call as that of a Lineated Barbet (Psilopogon lineatus).

You can check out the call HERE.

Dr. Jean Ho & Wang Luan Keng
15th December 2019

Little Cormorant nesting in Peninsular Malaysia

posted in: Nesting | 0
Bird with nesting material.

“The Little Cormorant (Phalacrocorax niger) used to be an uncommon migrant to Peninsular Malaysia. The ‘A Checklist of the birds of Malaysia Dec 2016(v2)’ lists the Little Cormorant as a rare migrant to the peninsular.

Bird with nesting material.

“Summary of selected observations of numbers over time:
1. For the 1980s Wells (1999) states of them: ‘handful of sightings on the Malaysian West-Coast…’
2. In 2007 & 2009 sightings in Langkawi, Kedah as wells as 2007 in Bidor, Perak (Source: A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore by Allen Jeyarajasingam).
3. In 2009 sighting at Marang River, Terengganu (Source: Malaysian Nature Society-Bird Conservation Council Records Committee, 2000-2013).
4. In 2011 Lim Kim Chye & Lim Swee Yian saw a single bird in Taiping, Perak.
5. In 2012 Connie Khoo, Eve Tung & I saw a single bird for an extended migration period (2012-2013) in the Tambun Interior ex-mining pool area, Ipoh, Perak.
6. On 10th August 2013 I reported 12 migratory birds in one extended wetlands location near Malim Nawar, Perak (source: Amar-Singh HSS. Observation of increased migration of the little cormorant in Peninsular Malaysia. Suara Enggang. Vol 21, No. 4, December 2013).
7. Since that time many of us in Perak have seen flocks of increasing size, with growing numbers of resident birds throughout the year. Chiu Sein Chiong posted a video in February 2018 of 40-50 birds at Malim Nawar wetlands site. In November 2018 I saw 90-120 birds. In the past year we have been seeing flocks of 200-300 birds. The resident birds are supplemented by migrants and birds born locally.

“The Little Cormorant is not known to nest in Peninsular Malaysia. David Wells (recent personal communication, July 2019) says ‘I don’t recall any previous definite nest record south of the Thai border.’ I have personally not read of any reports of nesting locally.

Birds with nesting materials.

“Summary of selected observations of nesting behaviour & nests over time:
1. I first observed Little Cormorants collecting nesting material on February 2014.
2. Initial single birds with nesting material were seen. Then over the next few years increasing number of such observations (6 occasions) with many birds involved. I also had a suspicion as to the location of the main nesting site.
3. By 2016 I had confirmed the nesting site. I was concerned as mal-development nearby threatened the nesting site. But (fortunately) access is extremely difficult and hence it has been preserved. Due to the inaccessibility optics are also poor.
4. I returned today to continue observations. I can now confirm that there are more than a 100 birds roosting here and more than 50 birds involved in nesting activities (actual number of nests hard to determine/see well, but I estimate at least 30).

There are at least 2 nests (the image was processed using Topaz Gigapixel AI software to enlarge the image without losing detail).

“The nesting site is a ‘heronry’ with many Grey Herons (Ardea cinerea jouyi), Black-crowned Night-herons (Nycticorax nycticorax), Purple Herons (Ardea purpurea manilensis) and other waterbirds (including Egrets) nesting at the same locality. It is a large clump of trees with both bare branches and dense foliage (many of the trees were the Yellow Acacia). Acacia auriculiformis (Yellow Acacia) originated from Australia and Indonesia and is a fast growing tree (popular roadside tree planted in Malaysian in the 1970s and 1980s). It can be found growing wild on poor quality soils like ex-mining land. The Little Cormorants appear to prefer the dense foliage locations for nests. During a brief visit today I saw more than 40 birds bringing nesting material. The predominant nesting materials were sticks/twigs, but they also brought leaves. Nesting material is not collected from the nesting site.

“The breeding period is varied in different locations: July to September in Pakistan and northern India, November to February in southern India, December to May in Sri Lanka, May to October in Bangladesh, January to May in Sumatra. Robson reports breeding in Southeast Asia from October to June. I have observed nesting in both July and December.”

Dato’ Dr Amar-Singh HSS
3rd December 2019

Location: Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
Habitat: Wetlands, ex-mining ponds

Wells, D.R. (1999) The birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 1 (Non-Passarines). Christopher Helm, London
2. A Checklist of the birds of Malaysia Dec 2016 (v2)
3. Orta, J., Jutglar, F., Garcia, E.F.J., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Little Cormorant (Microcarbo niger). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive
4. Muhammad Iqbal, Chairunas Adhaputra, Mistar Kamsi, Desy Hikmatullah. First Confirmed Breeding Records of Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger in Sumatra. Short Communication. Kukila 17 (1) 2013
5. Robson, C. (2002). A Field Guide to Birds of South East Asia. New Holland Publishers (UK) Ltd

Tanimbar Corella in a Starfruit Tree

posted in: Feeding-plants, Videography | 0

A Tanimbar Corella (Cacatua goffini) was caught on video in a 20m tall Starfruit Tree (Averrhoa carambola). As there were no close-up images of the corella, what it was doing there cannot be confirmed. Was it eating the leaves or even the flowers? After all the tree was in full bloom (below).

And birds do eat flowers because of the nectar found within LINK. And there is an earlier post of a bulbul eating starfruit flowers.

However, on examining the video by KS Leow (below), it could be vaguely seen at 0:09 that a corella was using its foot to grab at something. This is exactly how a parrot grabs a starfruit to eat it as seen in an earlier Blue-rumped Parrot (Psittinus cyanurus) feeding on the starfruit (above).

Tanimbar Corella is an untidy eater of these fruits as it remove chunks of the flesh to get at the seeds inside LINK.

K S Leow
12th Dec 2019

Cinnamon Bittern – bare parts & plumage

posted in: Morphology-Develop. | 0

“The structure of the iris of the Cinnamon Bittern (Ixobrychus cinnamomeus) has always fascinated me (above). It has a pigmentation posterior to the pupil and I have wondered about its function if any. Wells (1999) states ‘iris yellow with dark mark fore and aft of the pupil’.

“I have only observed clearly a mark posteriorly (consistent) and occasionally a faint mark anteriorly (not consistent). This is also present in the Black Bittern (Ixobrychus flavicollis) and Von Schrenck’s Bittern (Ixobrychus eurhythmus). Wells (1999), when describing the Von Schrenck’s Bittern, says ‘dark mark fore and aft of the pupil as in other Ixobrychus species’. But I have not been able to appreciate it in the commonly seen Yellow Bittern (Ixobrychus sinensis).

“In addition the pupil is more elliptical than circular (some describe is as ‘barrel-shaped’ or ‘bar-shaped’) – better seen when in bright light.

The image above shows that when the bird has the neck stretched out (‘elongated position’), dark feather between the neck and body can be seen. This is not seen well when in crouched (‘squat-position’) (below).

“Handbook of the Birds of the World (2019) says ‘tuft of loose black and dark brown feathers at base of neck’. The IUCN-SCC Heron Specialist Group states ‘a tuft of loose black and dark brown feathers on the side of and at the base of the neck is expansible for display’.

“The above shows the bittern in flight.

“All images of a male.”

Dato’ Dr Amar-Singh HSS
Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
3rd December 2019

Location: Perak, Malaysia
Habitat: Wetlands, Padi Fields

Asian Openbill

posted in: Morphology-Develop. | 0

“Asian Openbills (Anastomus oscitans) are common birds in Peninsular Malaysia after their mass movement south some years back. Any visit to the Perak wetland areas will witness 200-400 birds. I had, in the past, erroneously assumed that birds that are darker (greyer) were immature. However, on this visit more than 70% looked ‘greyer’.

“I looked at Hancock et al (2010) for some guidance and they state:

“’Adult plumage is predominantly white, with black in the wings and tail. The bill is a dull greenish-horny colour, mottled and streaked with black and reddish …. Before the onset of breeding, probably through a moult, the greyish plumage becomes immaculate white and the black feathers take on an iridescent purplish green. The white changes back to grey soon after the eggs are laid, in a process not well understood, presumably through feather wear and/or soiling.’… ‘Immature birds are a darker grey than adults and the head and neck are browner; they have a blackish brown mantle, wings and tail. The legs and feet are pale horn colour (often streaked with white droppings). The short bill is dark and has little or no gap until the bird is approximately 4-6 months old.’

“Kazmierczak (2000) states ‘juvenile much greyer and initially without the bill opening’. Grimmett et al (2011) state ‘largely white (breeding) or greyish-white (non-breeding) ….. juvenile has brownish-grey head, neck and breast, and brownish mantle ….’

“The four different birds I am posting here all have less than ‘pure’ white plumage and are speckled grey. They all have an open bill, suggesting that they are not juveniles.

“However, the ones shown above and below have some brown in the neck. The bird above has a wing moult in progress.

“A close look at the bill in the above two birds shows them to be lighter and flacking off (?moult – if we can use this for bills). Wonder if these two can then be called immature? A higher resolution close up of the bill in bird above (see below) shows the bill ‘moult’ (for lack of a better word).”

Dato’ Dr Amar-Singh HSS
Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
3rd December 2019

Location: Perak, Malaysia
Habitat: Wetlands, Padi Fields

James Hancock, James A. Kushlan, M. Philip Kahl, Alan Harris, David Quinn. Storks, Ibises and Spoonbills of the World. Helm Identification Guides. 2010.
2. Krys Kazmierczak. A Field Guide to the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent 2000 (paperback copy printed 2008).
3. Richard Grimmett, Tim Inskipp, Carol Inskipp. Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. 2nd edition 2011.

Laced Woodpecker – Excavation

posted in: Nests, Videography | 0

“While strolling along a secluded mangrove boardwalk, a female suddenly caught my eye (as they sometimes do).

“I cautiously zoomed in on her (with my camera) and verified that she was a Laced Woodpecker (Picus vittatus) engaged in excavating a nest-hole (below).

Female Laced Woodpecker

“In between bouts of chiseling away at the hole, she would also stick her head in to scoop out the wood chips.

“Video clips of this energetic female may be previewed here:

“After some time, she moved away from the nest-hole to rest, and perhaps summoned her husband to come help out with the household chores. Moments later, the responsible male showed up (below). After a brief inspection of his wife’s progress, he resumed the excavation efforts diligently.

Male Laced Woodpecker

“A video clip of this male at work may be previewed here:

“As dusk approached, it was time for a well deserved rest and the male would perch silently on a branch just above the nesthole, awaiting the sunset (below).

Male Laced Woodpecker

“A video clip of the male in quiet contemplation may be previewed here:”

Dr. Leong Tzi Ming
6th December 2019

Lesser Coucal – adult non-breeding or juvenile

posted in: Morphology-Develop. | 0
Bird 1.

“I saw these two Lesser Coucals (Centropus bengalensis javanensis) together, which is unusual as they are often solitary. I am trying to decide if they are adults in non-breeding plumage or juveniles (or one of each or subadults) as they can be very similar. Cuckoos of the World, by Johannes Erritzøe, Clive F. Mann, Frederik P. Brammer and Richard A. Fuller. Helm, 2012 states and illustrates some of the differences (see table below):

Bird 1.

“The images at the top and above are the same bird (Bird 1) and the two images below is another accompanying bird (Bird 2).

Bird 2.

“I am of the opinion that Bird 1 is a juvenile moulting into an adult non-breeding plumage. See especially the tail that has mixed features of a juvenile and adult.

“Bird 2 had a much shorter tail and was in moult (especially tail) with some black on the breast. This appeared to me to be an adult in moult and transforming into non-breeding plumage.

Bird 2.

“This I think explains why they were together – a late stage juvenile with the supportive adult.

“Appreciate opinions (more images, view possible).

“I have sent this to Clive F. Mann for an opinion.”

Dato’ Dr Amar-Singh HSS
Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
3rd December 2019

Location: Perak, Malaysia
Habitat: Wetlands, Padi Fields

26 Responses

  1. kris

    I just found a young dollarbird in the garden.. It seems to have left the nest too early and cannot fly yet. How am i to keep and feed it for a few days untill it can fly.???

  2. Iwan

    We have a small pond in our garden surrounded by trees and steep bedrock. The other day we saw a heron flying over and attempting to land – I guess to try to eat our small stock of fish. We managed to frighten it away before it landed, and have since installed trip wires around the pond in order to dissuade the bird. The amount of shelter around the pond means that a heron would have to land practically vertically. Does anyone know whether these birds have the agility to hover and land in this way, or do they always need a “glidepath” in order to land successfully?

  3. Khng Eu Meng

    Today, at the former Bidadari Cemetery, there was a buzz about a sighting of a Grey Nightjar (Caprimulgus jotaka). I heard some birders say this nightjar isn’t commonly seen in Singapore. After some hunting, we spotted it asleep on a tree branch, some 15 m above ground. This was rather interesting as my previous encounters with nightjars have been on either terra firma or on low branches.

    Is this perching so high up the tree normal or is it unusual? I have posted a photo of it on my Facebook Timeline: https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10151125012234135&set=a.108191464134.96538.617499134&type=1&theater

  4. Jess

    Bird Sanctuary At Former Bidadari Cementry

    1)Which is the best spot in Bidadari cemetery for bird watch?

    2)Where this bird usually resident at?

    3)What are some of the rare bird species that can be found at Bidadari?

    4)Where is the particular hot spot for the hornbills, eagles, kingfishers and some of the rare migratory bird?

    5)Which part of Bidadari are richest in it wildlife?

    6)Can you name me the 59 migratory bird species found?

  5. YC

    Why not search the website using the word ‘Bidadari’ to obtain the information you need. There should be sufficient info in past postings to satisfy you.

  6. Firdaus Razak

    Hai, I just want to ask did anybody had an experience bring bird from oversea via MasKargo? Did the bird will stress at high altitude?

  7. Chung Wah

    Hi, I am new to bird photography! Could anyone advise a good pair of binoculars to get for this hobby?

  8. Geam Liang

    I ‘acquired’ a female Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot 5 days ago – was in a public place when the bird flew overhead hit the wall and dropped right in front of me dazed. I picked it up, it appeared unhurt but could not sustain it’s flight. I have since constructed a fairly large ‘cage’ for it, about 4ft x 2fx x 2ft and placed it there last night. I temporarily placed her in a normal bird cage until I had completed the build.
    From what I have read up, it’s a fruit, seed and insect feeder and also nectar, flower buds. It’s doing as well as it can on bananas, papaya, jack-fruit (didn’t touch the grape) and seeds (black and white sunflower and other smaller ones). It loves to bathe so I’ve gotten it a tray and from what I read it’s important to keep things clean as it easily succumbs to infection.
    Does anyone else have any useful experience and sharing on it’s upkeep? I suspect this bird is an escapee – as far as I can read up, it’s not common, if at all, found in Georgetown, Penang where I am. I’m also not optimistic that it can survive if I were to set it free – assuming it can sustain it’s flight and not go crashing down and if there were dogs/cats around that would be the end of it.
    I can attach some pictures but not sure how to do this…

  9. Lee Chiu San

    The blue-crowned hanging parrot, even though very closely related to the lovebirds, is a nectar feeder. You would raise it the way you raise a lorikeet – which is a messy process. And because you are mixing batches of food for just one little bird, whereas I used to do it for about half a dozen pigeon-sized lorikeets each morning, I don’t know how you are going to get the portions down to manageable sizes. Anyway, here goes, with my recipe for feeding big lories. You can adjust the proportions down accordingly for your little bird.

    The staple diet would be a couple of slices of soft fruit (papaya, apple, grapes, even though I am surprised that you said the bird would not eat any) and a mixture of cooked rice sweetened with nectar mix.

    How to make nectar mix? Go to a pharmacy and get a can of food for invalids or infants. I use Complan, but I am sure any good baby formula would do. I usually make up enough to fill a beer mug, but there is no way you need that amount for a day’s feeding. If in doubt, make the mixture thinner, not thicker. Birds cannot digest baby formula that is too thick. If it is too thin, they simply have to consume more to get the required amount of energy. Then to this mug, add half a teaspoonful of rose syrup. Also stir in about a cup of cooked rice, well mashed up.

    In the case of your bird, I suggest that you pour this lot into an ice-cube tray, freeze the mixture, and defrost one cube to feed it each day.

    Now, you said that this bird eats sunflower seeds. This is most unusual for a blue-crowned hanging parrot. Are you sure that this is actually the species you have? Could it be possible that you have actually got a pet lovebird that escaped? There are so many different artificially-created breeds of lovebirds in so many colours that you might have been mistaken.

    If you actually have a lovebird, feeding is much simpler. Just go to the nearest pet shop, buy a packet of budgerigar or cockatiel seed of a reputable international brand, and offer it to the bird. You can supplement this with a couple of slices of fruit each day, and that will be all. Plus of course fresh water and a piece of cuttlefish bone to nibble on.

  10. Lee Chiu San

    About nectar feeding birds. I forgot to add that feeding nectar is messy, and it goes rancid very quickly in our tropical weather. Feeding containers have to be removed and thoroughly cleaned at the end of each day. The birds also splatter the mixture and wipe their beaks on perches and the bars of the cage. All my lories and lorikeets used to be housed in outdoor aviaries which were hosed down daily.

    If Geam Liang does not think the bird will survive if released, I really hope that it is a case of mistaken identity, and that you have a lovebird, rather than a blue-crowned hanging parrot. In our part of the world, all available lovebirds are domestically bred, take to captivity readily, and are easy to feed with commercially available seed mixtures. Yes, and being domestic pets, they would not survive if released.

  11. Geam Liang

    Thank you Chiu San for your inputs. Thus far, bananas and papayas work well. I’m not sure why it did not take to grapes – will try again. Am I supposed to peel it? I didn’t the last time, basically skewered a couple of grapes to a satay stick and positioned it as I did for the sliced and skinned papaya and peeled bananas.
    I have yet to try rice and certainly not nectar but will try out your concoction – have half a mind to go to a pet shop to see if they carry nectar for birds. The ice-cube freeze method is a good one, will try that. I might be mistaken on the sunflower seeds… not touched but it did eat the much smaller roundish, mixed colored seeds. Will remove the sunflower seeds.
    I’m sure it’s a female blue crowned hanging parrot.. it sleeps like a bat every night.

  12. Lee Chiu San

    When feeding local birds which are unfamiliar with imported fruits such as grapes, it helps to split the fruits to expose the edible parts. As to your remark that the bird sleeps hanging upside down like a bat, yes, that is the way blue-crowned hanging parrots sleep.

  13. Geam Liang

    Thanks… I need to think like a bird – yup. She has probably not seen a grape much less know that it’s edible, unless the previous owner has fed her with grapes… even then… Today she’s done pretty well making the most of the banana and all of the papaya plus quite a bit of seeds. Will try the baby food + mashed rise + rose syrup.
    Will regular honey do instead of rose syrup?

  14. Lee Chiu San

    About making nectar to feed birds. Most aviculturalists do not use honey for two reasons: 1. It is expensive and does not seem to give any added benefits. 2. Honey is made by bees, and the composition varies wildly. Some honeys are also known to cause fungal infection in birds.

    If you do not want to buy a huge bottle of rose syrup just for one tiny bird, there are cheaper alternatives. The first is plain table sugar, though most don’t seem to like it very much.

    What many birds will accept quite readily as a sweetener is condensed milk – the type with sugar that coffee shop owners use.

    Many, many birds have a sweet tooth (or should I say sweet beak?) Besides the usual suspects of lories, lorikeets, sunbirds and hummingbirds, for whom it is an essential part of the diet, nectar mixture is readily consumed by mynahs, leafbirds, fairy bluebirds, barbets, doves, parrots of all kinds, and a whole host of other species.

  15. Geam Liang

    I tried the condensed mild, placed in in a small bottle cap.. only the ants showed interest. Am I supposed to dilute it? I didn’t =( I took you advice and refrained from honey. Have yet to find Rose Syrup from the shelves of TESCO… will try to mix the baby food + mashed rise + rose syrup/sugar syrup this week…

  16. David Thackray

    Can anyone help me identify a bird I saw in Singapore last week. Size of a smakll dove or thrush. Dark metallic back. Grey breast with red throat, chest.

  17. Emily Koh

    Lately I bought a bird feeder which I fill with 4parts water n 1 part white sugar. Sunbirds come regularly to drink and they are really lovely to watch. May I know if it is bad for them to feed on this? Previously they would sometimes pierce and drink from my potted flowers

  18. Emily Koh

    Lately I bought a bird feeder which I fill with 4parts water n 1 part white sugar. Sunbirds come regularly to drink and they are really lovely to watch. May I know if it is bad for them to feed on this? Previously they would sometimes pierce and drink from my potted flowers.

  19. Mahadevi Bhuti

    One of best souce for the bird watcher’s enjoying knowledge about ornithology

  20. Martin Nyffeler (PhD)

    Dear Sir / Dear Madame,

    I am a Senior Lecturer in Zoology at a University in Switzerland and I urgently need to get in touch with photographer Chan Yoke Meng, who takes beautiful photographs of birds near Singapore. Would you please mail me the email address of this photographer!


  21. Wee Ming

    Hello Besgroup,

    Trust this email finds you well. We chance upon your photograph on your website and found the amazing image of the Laced Woodpecker and durians. We would like to explore the possibility of getting permission to use them for a new Bird Park in Singapore.

    Spacelogic is a company based in Singapore and we have been contracted by Mandai Park Development to carry out design and build works relating to the exhibition interpretive displays in this new Bird Park.

    Some background of the new Mandai Bird Park project; it will build upon the legacy of the Jurong Bird Park – https://www.wrs.com.sg/en/jurong-bird-park.html by retaining and building upon a world-reference bird collection and creating a place of colour and joy for all visitors. The new Bird Park will have a world-reference ornithological collection displayed in a highly immersive way with large walk-through habitats. To enhance visitors’ experience with storyline and narrative of the bird park, transition spaces are added to display exhibits that provide a varied type of fun, intuitive, interactive and educational experiences for all visitors. One of the habitats features the Laced Woodpecker on a flora panel It is in this flora panel that we are seeking your permission to feature the Laced Woodpecker. We are looking to use the first image on the link here.
    Link can be found here: https://besgroup.org/2012/06/28/laced-woodpecker-and-durians/

    We would like to ask if this is something that we can explore further and if yes, how can we go about with putting through a formal permission request. Thank you so much for considering our request and we look forward to hearing from you.

    Warmest Regards,
    Wee Ming
    SPACElogic Pte Ltd

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