Copper-throated Sunbird: Nesting failure

posted in: Nesting-failed, Sunbirds | 0

“On 26th June 2007, walking along the bund among the mangrove vegetation, I came across two sunbirds flitting among the bushes excitedly. On further observations it was noticed that they were Copper-throated Sunbirds (Leptocoma calcostetha), a male (left top) and a female (left bottom). The female would be perched on a branch while the male would approach her with wings fluttering furiously. Then he would perch right besides her before flying off again.

“However, on this day, I did not realise that there was a nest around the place and walked off looking for subjects to take pictures of.

“The next day I decided to go back to the same place to make further observations. I found the two birds still behaving in a similar fashion. This time I found the nest hanging from a vine and very well camouflaged. Looking into the nest I saw that it was empty, no eggs. I stood around quietly and saw that the female would look into the nest and fly off, then returned and went into the nest – I guess to try it for size. The male would hang around close by observing her every movements.

“On 2nd July I found the female bird inside the nest (right top). She stayed there for a long time before leaving to feed. I peeped into the nest and saw that there were still no eggs. During this period I found the male absent. Only the female was attending to the nest. Can it be because they are nectar feeders, they would find it very hard to feed each other? I may be wrong on this.

“Two days later (4th July) I returned and when the female left the nest, saw two purplish brown eggs (right bottom).

“The 6th July was a very sad day as I found the nest to be missing of the eggs. They could have been predated by a snake as the nest had remained in very good condition. Also, as it was hanging from a vine, anything large and heavy would have torn the nest from the vine. According to a knowledgeable birder, he says that nesting success rate is only about 30 percent. I found incidences like this also happening to Yellow-Vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus goiavier) nests in our garden – overnight, the eggs would disappear into thin air.

“The nest is pear shaped, with an awning over the entrance to protect the female from falling rain? How is it that the male sunbirds would be able to think of this feature?”

K C Tsang, 26th June to 20th July 2007

NOTE: According to Cheke et al. (2001), the nest is a pear-shaped bag with an oval entrance in the top half with an eave. It is made of fine grass, fibre, kapok and hairs, all loosely woven together. There is no ‘beard’ hanging loosely below the nest as in Olive-backed Sunbird (Cinnyris jugularis) (1, 2).

Cheke, R. A., Mann, C. F. & Allen, R. (2001). Sunbirds: A guide to the sunbirds, flowerpeckers, spiderhunters and sugarbirds of the world. New Haven & London: Yale University Press.

Portrait of an eagle: Changeable Hawk Eagle

posted in: Raptors | 0


The Changeable Hawk Eagle (Spizaetus cirrhatus) found in this part of the world is the subspecies limnaeetus. It is crestless and is found from the Himalayan foothills down through Southeast Asia into Greater Sundas to Philippines. This subspecies is polymorphic, with a dark and a pale morph (above).


The sexes are similar but the female is slightly larger. The juvenile (pale morph) is distinct, with its head and underparts largely white (left). Juveniles begin to breed in the third year and become fully adult in fourth year or later.

The adult pale morph is brown above, with pale edges, especially on wing coverts. The pale brown tail has a thin whitish tip, broad blackish subterminal band and three to four other narrower, browner and often much more obscure bars. The white to buff area of the throat to breast and upper belly and flanks are more or less boldly streaked with black to dark brown.

The adult dark morph is entirely blackish-brown, including the uppertail, the inner half being greyer.

The wings are shortish, with the wing tips about one-third to half down tail; tail long and thinly-banded.

Legs are long, feathered; appearing spindly because of the short tibial feathering.

The bird perches upright, especially in the early morning and afternoon. It stays for long periods waiting patiently for prey. These may include squirrels, birds, snakes and lizards.

During mornings, the eagle soars alone or in pairs, taking advantage of the thermals.

Mark Chua
August 2007

(Images by Mark Chua except the dark morph eagle by Chan Yoke Meng.)

Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve: More on crocs

posted in: uncategorised | 0


The earlier post on the crocodile sighting at the Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve (above) has attracted another comment from R. Subaraj, a nature consultant and bird specialist:

“Actually, from what I hear (and this needs confirmation from NParks), the croc in question just got too comfortable in its surroundings and started taking up residence in the visitor centre ponds. This is an active public zone, with lots of school kids and families at certain times and as such, the level of danger increased. As a result, the difficult decision was made to remove the crocodile altogether. At the end of the day, when public safety was compromised to such a point, NParks had to act to maintain the balance between nature conservation and public safety, I guess.

“The crocodile farm staff, who have experience in crocodile capture, were called in and the croc was caught and taken to the farm. The croc farm people were only too happy to agree as a wild caught male is difficult to come by and is ideal for breeding purposes.

“Why was the zoo not called upon? I do not know except that they may not have wanted the croc as they have enough. They often turn down many animals as they do not have the space or take them and re-release them into the central reserves (pangolins, pythons, etc.).


“Why was the croc not removed to another part of the wetlands reserve? Well, considering the relative small size of the reserve, it would probably have found it’s way back or continued to be a problem where it was as it had become too ‘tame’.

“There are several problems with the way the public and nature circles view conservation in Singapore. We cannot compare our reserves or circumstances with other countries, where their protected areas are substantially larger or their populations not so crowded into small spaces. Managing reserves here and conserving our natural treasures have to be done so in a somewhat unique fashion as the public impact is far greater for the reasons above. I do not envy NParks responsibilities and the pressures that they face. They could use all the support and advise that they can get but it should be done without undue criticism and fault-finding… has been the case in the press often.

“I do not speak for NParks and it may still be worthwhile seeking their views. These are merely my views based on what I have heard and seen.”

Input R Subaraj; image of reserve by YC and that of the croc by KC Tsang (who had another close encounter on 25th July 2007).

Lam’s Olive-backed Sunbirds

posted in: Nesting, Sunbirds | 0

“What caused two nesting failures on the same plant?” was posted earlier. Lam Chun See then thought that the pair of Olive-backed Sunbirds (Cinnyris jugularis) that had been busy constructing their nest attached to his bromeliad plant abandoned it after completion. He realised this was not so when, on 16th July 2007, he found out that the female had discreetly returned regularly, to lay her eggs and to incubate them.


On 27th July his children reported that the eggs had hatched and there were two chicks in the nest (top left). By 4th August the chicks were very active, calling for food whenever any of the adults were around (top right). The images below show the male (below left) as well as the female (below right) helping to feed the hungry chicks. Note the extremely wide gape of the hungry chicks as they eagerly waited to be fed.

As Chun See wrote in his blog: “I noticed an interesting behaviour. After they have found some food, they would not fly directly to the nest. Maybe, they spotted me lurking behind the curtains with my camera. So what they did was to first fly to a nearby branch and check out the situation for about 10 to 20 seconds. When they were sure that the coast was clear, then they would fly to the nest to feed the babies.”

As with many birds, soon after feeding the adult will remove the chick’s wastes which are excreted enclosed inside a neat mucilaginous faecal sac. This is picked up from the chick’s posterior end and deposited some distance away from the nest. Why? You need to check out (1, 2) to find out. In the images above, the one on the left shows the female adult poking her head into the nest chamber to remove the faecal sac, shown on the right.

On 11th August the older chick fledged, flying into the neighbour’s house. The parents were around making lots of noise. When Chun See checked on the nest, he found the other chick inside. But his presence caused the second chick to also fledge. So the nest is now empty.

Lam Chun See
August 2007

Birders, photographers and the study of bird behaviour

posted in: Reports | 4


Once upon a time, a pair of binoculars was absolutely essential if you want to go bird watching. A good pair would enable you to view the plumage and identify the bird. With the advent of digiscopes, birders could see further than the average pair of binoculars. And if you attach a digital camera to the digiscope, you may be able to take a clear shot of the distant bird – provided the bird is cooperative and does not move about.

Then came digital photography. And this changed the birdwatching scene completely. Now you need not go watching birds with a pair of binoculars. A digital SLR camera attached to a 300 mm lens and a 1.4 teleconverter can take the place of the binoculars. The added advantage is that you can now also have an image (or many, many images) with a click of the shutter.

So, if you want to study birds, a digital camera with the necessary attachments can be invaluable.

Many details are not seen when birds are viewed with a pair of binoculars – the action may be too swift or the details too small to be noticed on the spot. A crisp image can always be examined on the computer screen, and enlarged if necessary, in the comfort of your home. Details will then emerge that are not noticed in the field.

Since its formation, the Bird Ecology Study Group has been working closely with photographers, accumulating a mass of behavioural traits on our local birds. We have been able to identify the food birds take to the generic or even to the specific level (1, 2, 3, 4). The details of the eyes, tomial teeth, feathers, etc. can now be closely examined and compared. Rapid movements in flight, courtship rituals and a host of other behaviour can be analysed at leisure once images are available.


All these are highlighted in the recent article published in No. 46, Issue 7/2007 of Asian Geographic (above). The original title “Birders, photographers and the study of bird behaviour” has been editorially changed to “Bird Watch: A field guide to the passion for birdwatching in Southeast Asia”. This piece is a collaborative effort by a field photographer, an experienced birder-cum-photographer and a naturalist who is an accidental birdwatcher.

Check out the article in the latest issue of Asian Geographic to find out how photographers have been contributing enormously to the knowledge of bird behaviour during the last two years.

Now, if you want to study birds, lug a digital camera with you. You can always leave your binoculars behind.

YC Wee
August 2007

What does a tailorbird do at night?

posted in: Roosting | 4

Yes, what does a tailorbird do at night? Or all diurnal birds for that matter. Why, some but not all sleep. Many waders feed at night when the mudflats are exposed due to low tide. So they cannot afford to sleep. Other birds feed at night because it is safer to do so when many predators are asleep.

Many birds sleep with the head turned and resting on the shoulder and the bill tucked among fluffed up plumage of the back. They may sleep standing up of sitting with the feet locked on the perch. Some sleep clinging to tree trunks with their toe nails eg. treecreeper.

Where birds sleep is important.

Some species come together in communal roosts to sleep, either the year round or only during the non-breeding season. Snuggling together helps to significantly reduce heat loss. Hole nesters roost inside their cavities. Other birds sleep in groups or alone. They usually sleep under cover of vegetation.

But this apparently was not so with the tailorbird.


In April 2007, Ng Bee Choo and Morten Strange were holidaying in Taman Negara, Malaysia. On their way to dinner one night, they stumbled on a small ball of feathers attached to the leaflets of a palm sapling. On recognising that it was a sleeping bird, Bee Choo rushed back to her room to get a camera. Not wanting to disturb the sleeping bird, she did not switch on the flash.

Her image of the sleeping tailorbird is shown above. It shows a smallish ball of feathers, the two feet locked on the base of the palm leaflet. The head of the bird was tightly tugged under a wing such that the bill was totally out of sight. The feathers were fluffed. These are the ways birds keep warm.

At one end of the ball of feathers was a small, narrow tail, distinctly obvious. The rufous crown and one of the black shoulders can be distinguished.

Ng Bee Choo & Morten Strange
August 2007

Black-naped oriole: Egg raider and chick killer

posted in: Interspecific | 1


According to Daisy O’Neill, Black-naped oriole (Oriolus chinensis) not only raid nests for eggs, they are also chick killers. She witnessed a premature chick being dragged out of the nest by an oriole some years ago. The victim was dropped to roast dry on the concrete floor. “I have yet to observe an oriole turn flesh eating,” she says.

Below is her experience on the Black-naped Oriole after reading the earlier account of this bird raiding the nest of the sunbird.

“The earlier raid of eggs from sunbird’s nesting site happened many years ago when my house renovator pointed out to me during the balcony extention project. The pendulated nest was overhanging from my balcony roof, then without a floor. Frantic calls of a pair of Olive-backed sunbirds (Cinnyris jugularis) caught my attention. From my window, I saw a yellow bird ‘wearing a ‘Zorro’s black mask’ took seige of the nest and started probing into the nest cavity.

“I ‘shooed.’ the bird away with loud clapping of my hands. I did not even own a pair of binoculars then!

“Whether Black-naped Orioles are just vindictive destroyers or opportunistic consumers of their raids, I have insufficient statistical observations to provide confirmation. I think, the next opportunity I get, I should allow nature to take it’s course and observe – and I will let you know. It is going to be painful to see chicks get taken. Hopeful it is one that is too late for me to intervene.

“One thing for sure, whenever Yellow-vented Bulbuls (Pycnonotus goiavier) turn my balcony into their maternity home, Black-naped Orioles are never far away. Flocks of them roost nightly in the row of matured Angsana trees (Pterocarpus indicus) opposite my residence.

“Quite recently, I witnessed one that came right up and perched on the balcony grill for a good ‘look see’ after having observed that a pair of bulbuls were ‘busy’ at the balcony.

“I came to the conclusion that although Black-naped Orioles are attractive, quick and witty, with a personality of their own, they are rouge birds with predative instincts with a notion to just destroy. It appears to be their speciality trait.”

Daisy O’Neill
Penang, Malaysia
August 2005

(Image by YC Wee)

Tuas: Another wetland reclaimed

posted in: Conservation | 3


On 2nd April 2007, Tang Hung Bun wrote: “Many of us have been to Tuas marshland for birding (above). While the number of dragonfly species seen there is less than that in the sedge ponds in Marina, there are some really interesting species.


“Loong Fah, Yangchen and myself paid a visit to Tuas wetland last Saturday and saw the damselfly Mortonagrion falcatum (both males and females) (left top). This species is listed as critically endangered in the forthcoming new edition of the Singapore’s Red Data Book. Another intersting species is Lestes praemorsus, which thrives in Tuas marshland, but nowhere else in Singapore (left bottom). Tuas wetland is going to be destroyed soon for the development of motocross site. It’s really very sad.

“How nice it would be if people are willing to alter their development plans in order to protect the habitat of wildlife?”

On 30th June 2007, Hung Bun again wrote: “Construction (destruction, rather) work in Tuas wetland has begun and bulldozers are already in action (below). Today, we found that the best part of the wetland, where we found the most species of dragonflies, is already gone. The number of species seen today is 13 compared to 19 we saw in a previous trip. The critically endangered Mortonagrion falcatum could not be seen at all.


“As we were checking on the dragonflies, we noticed some orchids and pitcher plants (below: Nepenthes gracilis and habitat, top; Bromheadia, bottom left and Arundina, bottom right).


“Tuas wetland will be converted into a motocross race course (see media reports, 13th July 2007, below). Birdlife there will be gone too. Typical species there are snipes and Red-Wattled Lapwing (Vanellus indicus).

“I believe that Mortonagrion falcatum is now extinct on the Singapore mainland. Hopefully, it still occurs in Tekong Island.”


Tang Hung Bun
August 2007

(Images by Tang Hung Bun except Mortonagrion falcatum by Cheong Loong Fah.)

Oriental Magpie Robin: Distraction tactic

posted in: Feeding chicks | 4


Many birds will try to distract you if you are near their nest, especially when there are chicks around. I have personally experience a Yellow-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus goiavier) as well as a Large-tailed Nightjar (Caprimulgus macrurus) trying to get me away from their nests by trying the “broken wing” trick.

The Oriental Magpie Robin (Copsychus saularis) does something else.

Last week, Johnny Wee came across a male Oriental Magpie Robin accompanied by a pair of recently fledged chicks perched on a branch of a tree (left top). The adult bird was foraging on the ground and found an earthworm to feed the hungry fledglings (left bottom).

When the bird noticed that Johnny was around, it flew away from the fledglings and had its back facing him, looking back all the time. It cocked its tail right up, showing off the prominent white margins, fanned it wide and then lowered it (below). At the same time the wings were spread downwards. All the time it was making scolding calls.


Obviously the bird was trying to lure Johnny away from the fledglings. When the trick did not work, it flew off in the opposite direction.

Smythies (1999) mentions that the bird, when on the ground, lowers its tail, expands it into a fan, then closes and jerks it up over the back, past the vertical. There is no mention that this is a distraction tactic. Wells (2007) records that “both sexes regularly cock the tail vertical and part-fan it to expose white margins; probably signal behaviour that is often accompanied by scolding calls.”

Johnny Wee
August 2007

Smythies, B. E. (1999). Birds of Borneo. Kota Kinabalu: Natural History Pub. (Borneo) Sdn. Bhd. & The Sabah Society. 4th ed, revised by G. W. H. Davison.
Wells, D.R. (2007). The birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsular. Vol. II, Passerines. Christopher Helm, London.

Circus of the Spineless #23

posted in: uncategorised | 0


BESG is participating in Circus of the Spineless #23, a monthly celebration of insects, arachnids, molluscs, crustaceans, worms and most anything else that wiggles.

If you are into invertebrates, this is the site for you. There are numerous sites where you can link up with from all over the world on these creatures.

On birds, “the Bird Ecology Study Group tells about Birds and centipedes. Birdchick writes about apiculture in Son of a Beeswax! Corey of 10,000 Birds discovers Dragonflies: Our Natural Allies. In her Naturalist Notebook, Summer describes the Dragons and Damsels of the Bosque del Apache Wildlife Refuge. Neil of microecos has also been studying Odonata in Meadowhawk d.”

Click on the link above and have a good read.

26 Responses

  1. kris

    I just found a young dollarbird in the garden.. It seems to have left the nest too early and cannot fly yet. How am i to keep and feed it for a few days untill it can fly.???

  2. Iwan

    We have a small pond in our garden surrounded by trees and steep bedrock. The other day we saw a heron flying over and attempting to land – I guess to try to eat our small stock of fish. We managed to frighten it away before it landed, and have since installed trip wires around the pond in order to dissuade the bird. The amount of shelter around the pond means that a heron would have to land practically vertically. Does anyone know whether these birds have the agility to hover and land in this way, or do they always need a “glidepath” in order to land successfully?

  3. Khng Eu Meng

    Today, at the former Bidadari Cemetery, there was a buzz about a sighting of a Grey Nightjar (Caprimulgus jotaka). I heard some birders say this nightjar isn’t commonly seen in Singapore. After some hunting, we spotted it asleep on a tree branch, some 15 m above ground. This was rather interesting as my previous encounters with nightjars have been on either terra firma or on low branches.

    Is this perching so high up the tree normal or is it unusual? I have posted a photo of it on my Facebook Timeline:

  4. Jess

    Bird Sanctuary At Former Bidadari Cementry

    1)Which is the best spot in Bidadari cemetery for bird watch?

    2)Where this bird usually resident at?

    3)What are some of the rare bird species that can be found at Bidadari?

    4)Where is the particular hot spot for the hornbills, eagles, kingfishers and some of the rare migratory bird?

    5)Which part of Bidadari are richest in it wildlife?

    6)Can you name me the 59 migratory bird species found?

  5. YC

    Why not search the website using the word ‘Bidadari’ to obtain the information you need. There should be sufficient info in past postings to satisfy you.

  6. Firdaus Razak

    Hai, I just want to ask did anybody had an experience bring bird from oversea via MasKargo? Did the bird will stress at high altitude?

  7. Chung Wah

    Hi, I am new to bird photography! Could anyone advise a good pair of binoculars to get for this hobby?

  8. Geam Liang

    I ‘acquired’ a female Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot 5 days ago – was in a public place when the bird flew overhead hit the wall and dropped right in front of me dazed. I picked it up, it appeared unhurt but could not sustain it’s flight. I have since constructed a fairly large ‘cage’ for it, about 4ft x 2fx x 2ft and placed it there last night. I temporarily placed her in a normal bird cage until I had completed the build.
    From what I have read up, it’s a fruit, seed and insect feeder and also nectar, flower buds. It’s doing as well as it can on bananas, papaya, jack-fruit (didn’t touch the grape) and seeds (black and white sunflower and other smaller ones). It loves to bathe so I’ve gotten it a tray and from what I read it’s important to keep things clean as it easily succumbs to infection.
    Does anyone else have any useful experience and sharing on it’s upkeep? I suspect this bird is an escapee – as far as I can read up, it’s not common, if at all, found in Georgetown, Penang where I am. I’m also not optimistic that it can survive if I were to set it free – assuming it can sustain it’s flight and not go crashing down and if there were dogs/cats around that would be the end of it.
    I can attach some pictures but not sure how to do this…

  9. Lee Chiu San

    The blue-crowned hanging parrot, even though very closely related to the lovebirds, is a nectar feeder. You would raise it the way you raise a lorikeet – which is a messy process. And because you are mixing batches of food for just one little bird, whereas I used to do it for about half a dozen pigeon-sized lorikeets each morning, I don’t know how you are going to get the portions down to manageable sizes. Anyway, here goes, with my recipe for feeding big lories. You can adjust the proportions down accordingly for your little bird.

    The staple diet would be a couple of slices of soft fruit (papaya, apple, grapes, even though I am surprised that you said the bird would not eat any) and a mixture of cooked rice sweetened with nectar mix.

    How to make nectar mix? Go to a pharmacy and get a can of food for invalids or infants. I use Complan, but I am sure any good baby formula would do. I usually make up enough to fill a beer mug, but there is no way you need that amount for a day’s feeding. If in doubt, make the mixture thinner, not thicker. Birds cannot digest baby formula that is too thick. If it is too thin, they simply have to consume more to get the required amount of energy. Then to this mug, add half a teaspoonful of rose syrup. Also stir in about a cup of cooked rice, well mashed up.

    In the case of your bird, I suggest that you pour this lot into an ice-cube tray, freeze the mixture, and defrost one cube to feed it each day.

    Now, you said that this bird eats sunflower seeds. This is most unusual for a blue-crowned hanging parrot. Are you sure that this is actually the species you have? Could it be possible that you have actually got a pet lovebird that escaped? There are so many different artificially-created breeds of lovebirds in so many colours that you might have been mistaken.

    If you actually have a lovebird, feeding is much simpler. Just go to the nearest pet shop, buy a packet of budgerigar or cockatiel seed of a reputable international brand, and offer it to the bird. You can supplement this with a couple of slices of fruit each day, and that will be all. Plus of course fresh water and a piece of cuttlefish bone to nibble on.

  10. Lee Chiu San

    About nectar feeding birds. I forgot to add that feeding nectar is messy, and it goes rancid very quickly in our tropical weather. Feeding containers have to be removed and thoroughly cleaned at the end of each day. The birds also splatter the mixture and wipe their beaks on perches and the bars of the cage. All my lories and lorikeets used to be housed in outdoor aviaries which were hosed down daily.

    If Geam Liang does not think the bird will survive if released, I really hope that it is a case of mistaken identity, and that you have a lovebird, rather than a blue-crowned hanging parrot. In our part of the world, all available lovebirds are domestically bred, take to captivity readily, and are easy to feed with commercially available seed mixtures. Yes, and being domestic pets, they would not survive if released.

  11. Geam Liang

    Thank you Chiu San for your inputs. Thus far, bananas and papayas work well. I’m not sure why it did not take to grapes – will try again. Am I supposed to peel it? I didn’t the last time, basically skewered a couple of grapes to a satay stick and positioned it as I did for the sliced and skinned papaya and peeled bananas.
    I have yet to try rice and certainly not nectar but will try out your concoction – have half a mind to go to a pet shop to see if they carry nectar for birds. The ice-cube freeze method is a good one, will try that. I might be mistaken on the sunflower seeds… not touched but it did eat the much smaller roundish, mixed colored seeds. Will remove the sunflower seeds.
    I’m sure it’s a female blue crowned hanging parrot.. it sleeps like a bat every night.

  12. Lee Chiu San

    When feeding local birds which are unfamiliar with imported fruits such as grapes, it helps to split the fruits to expose the edible parts. As to your remark that the bird sleeps hanging upside down like a bat, yes, that is the way blue-crowned hanging parrots sleep.

  13. Geam Liang

    Thanks… I need to think like a bird – yup. She has probably not seen a grape much less know that it’s edible, unless the previous owner has fed her with grapes… even then… Today she’s done pretty well making the most of the banana and all of the papaya plus quite a bit of seeds. Will try the baby food + mashed rise + rose syrup.
    Will regular honey do instead of rose syrup?

  14. Lee Chiu San

    About making nectar to feed birds. Most aviculturalists do not use honey for two reasons: 1. It is expensive and does not seem to give any added benefits. 2. Honey is made by bees, and the composition varies wildly. Some honeys are also known to cause fungal infection in birds.

    If you do not want to buy a huge bottle of rose syrup just for one tiny bird, there are cheaper alternatives. The first is plain table sugar, though most don’t seem to like it very much.

    What many birds will accept quite readily as a sweetener is condensed milk – the type with sugar that coffee shop owners use.

    Many, many birds have a sweet tooth (or should I say sweet beak?) Besides the usual suspects of lories, lorikeets, sunbirds and hummingbirds, for whom it is an essential part of the diet, nectar mixture is readily consumed by mynahs, leafbirds, fairy bluebirds, barbets, doves, parrots of all kinds, and a whole host of other species.

  15. Geam Liang

    I tried the condensed mild, placed in in a small bottle cap.. only the ants showed interest. Am I supposed to dilute it? I didn’t =( I took you advice and refrained from honey. Have yet to find Rose Syrup from the shelves of TESCO… will try to mix the baby food + mashed rise + rose syrup/sugar syrup this week…

  16. David Thackray

    Can anyone help me identify a bird I saw in Singapore last week. Size of a smakll dove or thrush. Dark metallic back. Grey breast with red throat, chest.

  17. Emily Koh

    Lately I bought a bird feeder which I fill with 4parts water n 1 part white sugar. Sunbirds come regularly to drink and they are really lovely to watch. May I know if it is bad for them to feed on this? Previously they would sometimes pierce and drink from my potted flowers

  18. Emily Koh

    Lately I bought a bird feeder which I fill with 4parts water n 1 part white sugar. Sunbirds come regularly to drink and they are really lovely to watch. May I know if it is bad for them to feed on this? Previously they would sometimes pierce and drink from my potted flowers.

  19. Mahadevi Bhuti

    One of best souce for the bird watcher’s enjoying knowledge about ornithology

  20. Martin Nyffeler (PhD)

    Dear Sir / Dear Madame,

    I am a Senior Lecturer in Zoology at a University in Switzerland and I urgently need to get in touch with photographer Chan Yoke Meng, who takes beautiful photographs of birds near Singapore. Would you please mail me the email address of this photographer!


  21. Wee Ming

    Hello Besgroup,

    Trust this email finds you well. We chance upon your photograph on your website and found the amazing image of the Laced Woodpecker and durians. We would like to explore the possibility of getting permission to use them for a new Bird Park in Singapore.

    Spacelogic is a company based in Singapore and we have been contracted by Mandai Park Development to carry out design and build works relating to the exhibition interpretive displays in this new Bird Park.

    Some background of the new Mandai Bird Park project; it will build upon the legacy of the Jurong Bird Park – by retaining and building upon a world-reference bird collection and creating a place of colour and joy for all visitors. The new Bird Park will have a world-reference ornithological collection displayed in a highly immersive way with large walk-through habitats. To enhance visitors’ experience with storyline and narrative of the bird park, transition spaces are added to display exhibits that provide a varied type of fun, intuitive, interactive and educational experiences for all visitors. One of the habitats features the Laced Woodpecker on a flora panel It is in this flora panel that we are seeking your permission to feature the Laced Woodpecker. We are looking to use the first image on the link here.
    Link can be found here:

    We would like to ask if this is something that we can explore further and if yes, how can we go about with putting through a formal permission request. Thank you so much for considering our request and we look forward to hearing from you.

    Warmest Regards,
    Wee Ming
    SPACElogic Pte Ltd

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