Encounter with the Greater Spotted Eagle in Penang, Malaysia

posted in: Raptors | 0

Tan Choo Eng from Penang, Malaysia wrote in on 12th February 2007 after reading an earlier posting on an eagle attacking a kite’s nest. Choo Eng and a few friends spotted an eagle at the Permatang Pauh ricefields on 3rd February and was wondering whether it could be the same eagle. Thought the bird was a Greater Spotted Eagle (Aquila clanga), they also misidentified it earlier as a Steppe Eagle (Aquila nipalensis). According to Choo Eng, the Singapore bird is a juvenile but the Penang bird looks like an adult. It needs a more experienced birder to settle the issue.

This is Choo Eng’s story: “On 3rd February 2007 around mid-noon while with another three birders from Kuala Lumpur, we spotted this big dark eagle perching around a just harvested rice field. We managed to observe and photograph it (above).

“It was being harassed by an unidentified raptor, probably a marsh harrier (right).

“On a subsequent visit I saw it swooping down and killing a rat with it’s talons (below).

“A pair of White Bellied Sea Eagles (Haliaeetus leucogaster) attempted to steal it’s rat but was scared away by the huge eagle.

“A single crow similarly attempted to steal it’s rat (below left).

“Later the eagle managed to swallow the rat after tearing it apart with its beak and talons (below right).


“The eagle will usually hunt during mid-afternoon and other raptors will attempt to harass it but to no avail. The Greater Spotted Eagle is a rather uncommon visitors to mainland Penang. Could the eagle from Singapore from the earlier post be the one at Permatang Pauh ricefields?”

This is an interesting question that is not easy to answer. We need someone to first settle the question of whether the eagle in the earlier post is the same species as this eagle. Then whether they are actually a juvenile and an adult. If not, then the intriguing question of whether they are the same bird can be debated.

Input and images by Tan Choo Eng.

An uncouth ‘Avian Cowboy’ comes to town

Within a total of 16 species of Asian barbets and a size not more than 17cm, the Coppersmith Barbet (Megalaima haemacephala) has to be about the smallest barbet species in South East Asia.

While it looks cute with colourful face markings of yellow, red, black and white to look like being painted up for a circus parade (left, below right), this species of barbet while similar in looks in both sexes shows courtship behaviour to be blatantly different from their cousins.

Known to be intelligent birds, the Coppersmith Barbet has the capability to exhibit rogue behaviour with astute strategy and sly. I chanced upon this uncouth behaviour during their ‘courtship’ recently, well… if the courtship was anything worth describing at all!

The image of the pair I saw appeared to be two black dots high up on a skeleton tree, at least 200 feet away from my naked eye. The dead tree at the edge of town and devoid of all foliages provided full views of the pair of green, feathered barbet in copulation behaviour seen through my spotting scope 30x.

I had two opportunity blue shots and a few after images to show the expression and behaviour of this mainly frugivorous species and I delight to share with you the sequence of events of this lucky opportunity and uncommon observation.

The big headed male flew in swiftly and perched near a female barbet on the skeleton tree. He had in his large beak, two dark and round looking fruits that looked like berries. I was anticipating courtship feeding but that did not take place.

Instead, the male barbet wasted no time to mount the female as though to say, ‘Come on, let’s get on with it!’

Copulation took place for about a second and showed the image of the male still clutching on to the berries and won’t let go (below left). The female was seen having to arch her neck backwards trying to reach for the berry above with her pleading body language of, ‘I want that berry! Gee… me that berry!’

The next image showed the male released only one berry to the female, who gobbled it up very quickly, while he kept the second berry in his beak possessively and ready in waiting to commence a second copulation session (above right).

The female bird knew what she had to do to get that second berry. Without any persuasion from the male, with her short legs and zygodactylous toes (two toes pointing forward and two backwards) she crept up to him along the branch and performed a somersault with her head hanging down, like a circus trapeze artist and in a ‘69’ position, in readiness to receive another bonk (left).

The moment the male barbet dismounted, it was noticed that the female was abandoned and left to swallow her price and pride while the male wasted no time to fly off to another perch, his back facing the female and vainly began preening himself (below left). There was no ‘lovey, dovey’ affection seen like doves or pigeons do before or after copulation.

Perched at a good vantage view and baring his red band across his upper chest for the world to see, he scanned around with roving eyes through his black eye stripe (above right).

As though having had not enough, he turned towards the direction of the female barbet, wondering if he could have another chance with her… this time, free without any berry!

By the time the third session had finished (Sorry folks, ‘Bird Censorship Board’ disallowed further scoping of illicit blue images!), both male and female barbets commenced preening themselves, cocked up their tails and pooped.

The gallant male then flew off without much a do having ‘bought two and got one free.’

The naïve looking female was left bewildered on the perch with an image expression, wondering why she received only two berries and succumbed herself to three bonks.

‘Mmm…just don’t add up’ said the female barbet with her little brain behind her hallmark patch – a red fore crown.

Does the behaviour of Coppersmith Barbets sounds familiar?


Sentosa’s Buffy Fish Owl

posted in: Owls | 4


On 2nd February 2007, Angie Ng wrote: “Did I wake up the owl with my trampling on the leaf litter? Aren’t owls supposed to be asleep in the day? What owl is this? It gave me a fright! I thought I saw a gremlin starring at me, for trespassing into a forest which will soon be destroyed to make way for an Integrated Resort! (above left)”

The bird in question, a Buffy Fish Owl (Ketupa ketupu) (above left), was perching on a branch of one of two Dracaena maingayi trees (above right) in the coastal forest of Sentosa. Angie spotted splashes of dried white droppings on the saplings and twigs under the tree. On looking up she spotted the owl.

This owl is most probably the same as that spotted on the morning of 23rd June 2006 by Yury Averkiev, a member of Club SNAP photographic forum. It was then seen along a footpath from the underwater world to the orchid gardens.

According to our bird specialist R. Subaraj then, “A most interesting location as the habitat there isn’t really typical fish owl habitat. This is indeed a scarce and localised owl in Singapore with records only from Pulau Ubin, the Central Catchment Nature Reserve and the western side of the island including Sungei Buloh. There are also a couple of records from near the Singapore Botanic Gardens but these could be strays from the nearby nature reserves.

“Sentosa is fairly far from the nearest known location. There are two possibilities for this occurrence. It can be an escapee (maybe even deliberate, considering it’s Sentosa) or a stray or dispersant from somewhere in Singapore or the Riau Archipelago (where the species was reconfirmed at Bintan about 12 years ago).

“There is no way to be certain, but a good record nonetheless. This is a first record for Sentosa.”

See also Joesph Lai’s account.

Input by Angie Ng, YC and R. Subaraj, images by Angie.

Owls in Singapore

posted in: Owls | 13


Have you ever seen an owl in its natural environment? I bet many have not. Yet many have heard of owls. I did, even when I was a small boy. I was told that owls brought bad luck, especially when one was found on the roof of your house. This meant that one of the occupants would soon die. For owls was believed by the superstitious Chinese to herald death. I only saw my first owl some few years ago. And only when I went out of my way to seek it out in the middle of the night.

Nowadays birders as well as non-birders encounter owls every now and then – even during the day. You need not go to the rural and forested areas as an owl was spotted even in Chinatown some years ago.

Can this be because there are more owls now than before? That the government’s Garden City Campaign has seen to an increased in bird population?


The Barn Owl (Tyto alba) is relatively common in urban areas (above left). Buffy Fish Owl (Ketupa ketupu) (above right), Spotted Wood Owl (Strix seloputo) (below left), Collared Scops Owl (Otus bakkamoena) (below right) as well as Brown Hawk Owl (Ninox scutulata) (top) can be seen in wooded areas and parks, not necessarily in thick forests.


And if your are fortunate, you may be able to see the rare Oriental Scops Owl (Otus sunia) (below left) or even the Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus) (below right) that visit during the winter months.


People are always fascinated with owls and any sighting invariable creates ripples, if not waves among birdwatchers. Owls always trigger some kind of emotions in us. Why is this so?

Can it be because they lead rather secretive lives, being active only after dark? That they are creatures of the night? And that not many people see them? Or is it because of the way they look? Very unlike most other birds. The head and face appear somewhat similar to ours. Looking like a human face. Those forward-facing large round eyes! The curved bill that appears like a nose! I am sure the close-up face of the Short-eared Owl on the left proves the point!

Input by YC; images by David Tan (Barn Owl, Short-eared Owl), KC Tsang (Oriental Scops Owl), Chan Yoke Meng (Buffy Fish Owl, Spotted Wood Owl), YC (Brown Hawk Owl) and Dr Jonathan Cheah Weng Kwong (Collared Scops Owl).

Common Iora: Courtship ritual

posted in: Courtship-Mating | 1

K.C. Tsang was birding recently in Perak, Malaysis with Alan OwYong and Connie Khoo when they had an encounter of the musical kind. Here is KC’s story: “We were driving along through the bushes in the Malim Nawar Wetlands when we came across a chorus of beautiful singing conducted by a number of male Common Ioras (Aegithina tiphia). They were trying to impress upon the females that they were the ones the females should receive. The females would flutter from bush to bush followed ever so closely by the males.

“As can be seen from my photograph (left top), the females were playing so hard to get, or showing no interest at all. However, there was one very unusual behavior of the female caught on camera. It was after hearing so much close quarter singing from the males that she decided to let herself fall over while still holding on to the branch (left below).

“Now, was she saying no to the male, or was she saying YES let us have some kinky sex! The male could very well replied… what the hell are you doing hanging upside down like this? …you know I can do it this way.”

As we all know birds don’t do it hanging upside down. But do we, actually? We need to have an open mind, KC. Who knows, one fine day you may actually come across a pair mating with the female hanging down. Or was she falling head over heels? Anyway, this may be a new record for the Avian Kama Sutra.

Asian Koel and Javan Myna

posted in: Interspecific | 0

On the afternoon of 3rd February 2007, I was alerted by the shrill call of a bird outside my windows. Curious, I went out into the garden to investigate.

There, perching on a branch of a Golden Penda (Xanthostemon chrysanthus) growing along the road outside was a female Asian Koel (Eudynamys scolopacea). But it was not making any call, just sitting quietly on the branch. I looked around and spotted the source of the high shrill call.

It came from a Javan Myna (Acridotheres javanicus), perching a little higher and less than a metre away on the same tree (above). The myna was scolding the koel for more than five minutes. Both birds remained where they were, the koel simply did not bother about the scolding.

The koel must have arrived suddenly on the tree where the myna was. And the latter must have objected to its presence. There was no attempt at mobbing, only scolding.

My arrival ultimately saw the myna leaving the scene, but not the koel. This bird simply remained, not bothered by my presence and calmly sat on the branch for more than 15 minutes.


All it did was turn its head side to side every now and then (above left, below left). Once it did a 180 degrees turn, facing the opposite direction (above right). Then it defecated twice and yawned (below right).


The bird also stretched its wings and right leg, the left firmly holding on to the branch, resulting in the tail feathers fanning out (below left). After some time it stretched its wings, also resulting in the tail feathers fanning (below right).


After about 30 minutes the koel left its perch and flew off to the fruiting branch of the nearby Alexandra palm (Archontophoenix alexandrae) and feasted on the ripe fruits.

Input and images by YC.

Eagle attacking Kite’s nest

posted in: Interspecific | 2

In November 2006 Allan Teo, together with other photographers, were at Changi, when suddenly, there appeared a large eagle that hopped on to the ground nearby.

As Allan continues, “It was a sudden surprise encounter that froze all the photographers. Most of us got very bad photos but we knew eventually that it probably was a juvenile Steppe Eagle (Aquila nipalensis) after looking at what photos we had. The element of surprised really had an effect on us.”

“The eagle then flew into a low-built nest of a Black-shouldered Kite (Elanus caeruleus) and in a flash ate up either the chick or the egg.

“The parent kite was totally helpless. It circled around the shrub where the nest was, giving off very loud and continuous alarm calls but that did not stop the eagle. The eagle eventually it flew off, chased by the angry kite. The image above (top) shows it climbing into the air about 3 metres from the ground, flapping furiously while the kite gave pursuit.

“The morning was hot and the thermals had already began to rage. The eagle flew in circles whilst the kite followed (above bottom).

The eagle flew up to join a marsh harrier that was in the vicinity and eventually to join another large eagle high in the sky (above).”

There is disagreement on the identity of the eagle. Allan himself later concluded that it could not be a Steppe Eagle, which is a rare winter visitor/vagrant. On the other hand it could be another rare vagrant, the Greater Spotted Eagle (Aquila clanga). Or even a female Western Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus).

Many raptors are extremely difficult to identify, especially from long-range photographs. So any opinion from viewers would be appreciated.

Input and images by Allan Teo.

Oriental Pied Hornbill: Yet another courtship at Changi

posted in: Courtship-Mating, Hornbills | 0

There have been several sightings of a pair of Oriental Pied Hornbill checking on tree cavities at Changi (1, 2 and 3). So far there have been no reports of breeding.

On 8th January 2007, Emily Kang reported another sighting of the hornbills prospecting a cavity in an old tree in Changi (left).

“We saw this same pair on 8th Jan 07. We had wanted to visit the parakeets and cockatoos of Changi village, but this pair dominated the cockatoos’ hangout. I guess size matters.

“They were very loving indeed. So that’s what they were doing… looking for a nest site. Do they actually carve out the tree cavity?

“Still can hardly believe it, hornbills now getting common on the mainland when it was “extinct” in Singapore just a couple of years ago. First they were sighted in Ubin and now in Changi.”


Emily later added, “The male and female birds took turns to check out the two tree holes. While we were there, neither went in completely into the hole. We were not sure if there was courtship feeding… perhaps we didn’t or couldn’t see it. The female didn’t go far from the tree hole while the male flew across the road a couple of times but he always came back to her.”

If this pair breeds, then it will be the first reported case of breeding in Changi. We shall wait and see.

Emily Kang
February 2007

Great and Rhinoceros Hornbills: One year on

posted in: Courtship-Mating, Hornbills | 12


This account has now been published as:
Y. M. Chan, M. Chan and Y. C. Wee (2008).
Aberrant behaviour of a female Great Hornbill and a female Rhinoceros Hornbill.
Nature in Singapore. 1:31–34.
A PDF copy is available HERE.

Between February and May 2006, a pair of mixed Great (Buceros bicronis) and Rhinoceros Hornbills (Buceros rhinoceros), both female, was seen regularly at a patch of secondary growth at Eng Neo (1, 2). They were prospecting a tree cavity along the trunk of an old albezia tree (Paraserianthes falcataria).

The Great would regularly feed the Rhinoceros and lure the latter to the cavity. It would also check the cavity as if placing regurgitated food into it. This had the effect of getting the Rhinoceros flying over to also check the cavity.

It would appear that the Great was playing the role of a male while the Rhinoceros that of a female.

Although there was talk of one of the birds entering the cavity, most birders and photographers who were monitoring the hornbills have yet to see any image of this.

Recently the hornbills have been visiting the tree again. And as before, they regularly checked on the cavity.

Meng and Melinda Chan were around the area one day when they heard the honking of hornbills. Rushing to the tree, they noticed something inside the cavity. Soon a yellowish structure poked out – it was the casque of the Great Hornbill. The head followed and then the right side of the body.

Once the right wing emerged totally from the cavity, it unfolded completely with the head of the bird held high (above). Then the bird turned downwards while the left wing was still not completely out. Once both wings were free of the cavity, the bird dived down with the wings folded back before unfolding the wings fully and flying in a downward direction.

The Great Hornbill was in the cavity for a short while and emerged when she heard the Rhinoceros calling. When the pair was together, there was courtship feeding.

The good news is that the pair is still prospecting for a nesting cavity. It has gone one step further in that one of the birds actually entered the cavity. It is possible that one or the other had previously entered the cavity but not observed and documented.

The birds are regularly seen at the nearby Bukit Timah Nature Reserve. In January 2007 when a large fig tree was fruiting, both hornbills were regularly seen feeding there. Again, they regularly indulged in courtship feeding.

Now where do the birds end up at night? It was earlier reported that the Great spent most nights in a rain tree (Samanea saman) around a condominium along Adam Road. The Rhinoceros was never seen there. Obviously the two spent the night separately, meeting only during the day. What happened next is anybody’s guess…

Joseph M Forshaw

posted in: Travel-Personality | 0

Joseph M. Forshaw, one of Australia’s foremost ornithologists and a world renown expert on parrots, was in town last month on a private visit. While here, he had time to go bird watch and meet up with old birding friends. And a possible visit to the Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research at the National University of Singapore.

Joseph has always been fascinated with parrots. After all, there are more than 50 species of parrots in Australia alone and about a sixth of all the world’s parrots are endemic to this island-continent. However, his passion for these birds took a turn when he was awarded a fellowship by the American Museum of Natural History in New York to study specimens of Australian parrots in its Mathews Collection in 1964. This led to the publication in 1969, of his immensely successful book, Australian Parrots (Lansdowne Press).

His next major work was in 1973 when he brought out Parrots of the World (Lansdowne Editions). These were followed by a series of bird book monographs on Birds of Paradise and Bowerbirds, Kingfishers and Related Birds, Turacos, Cockatoos…

Many of Joseph’s books are lavishly illustrated by his long-standing artist friend, William T. Cooper, the pictures of which are now collectors’ items.

YC Wee
February 2007

26 Responses

  1. kris

    I just found a young dollarbird in the garden.. It seems to have left the nest too early and cannot fly yet. How am i to keep and feed it for a few days untill it can fly.???

  2. Iwan

    We have a small pond in our garden surrounded by trees and steep bedrock. The other day we saw a heron flying over and attempting to land – I guess to try to eat our small stock of fish. We managed to frighten it away before it landed, and have since installed trip wires around the pond in order to dissuade the bird. The amount of shelter around the pond means that a heron would have to land practically vertically. Does anyone know whether these birds have the agility to hover and land in this way, or do they always need a “glidepath” in order to land successfully?

  3. Khng Eu Meng

    Today, at the former Bidadari Cemetery, there was a buzz about a sighting of a Grey Nightjar (Caprimulgus jotaka). I heard some birders say this nightjar isn’t commonly seen in Singapore. After some hunting, we spotted it asleep on a tree branch, some 15 m above ground. This was rather interesting as my previous encounters with nightjars have been on either terra firma or on low branches.

    Is this perching so high up the tree normal or is it unusual? I have posted a photo of it on my Facebook Timeline: https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10151125012234135&set=a.108191464134.96538.617499134&type=1&theater

  4. Jess

    Bird Sanctuary At Former Bidadari Cementry

    1)Which is the best spot in Bidadari cemetery for bird watch?

    2)Where this bird usually resident at?

    3)What are some of the rare bird species that can be found at Bidadari?

    4)Where is the particular hot spot for the hornbills, eagles, kingfishers and some of the rare migratory bird?

    5)Which part of Bidadari are richest in it wildlife?

    6)Can you name me the 59 migratory bird species found?

  5. YC

    Why not search the website using the word ‘Bidadari’ to obtain the information you need. There should be sufficient info in past postings to satisfy you.

  6. Firdaus Razak

    Hai, I just want to ask did anybody had an experience bring bird from oversea via MasKargo? Did the bird will stress at high altitude?

  7. Chung Wah

    Hi, I am new to bird photography! Could anyone advise a good pair of binoculars to get for this hobby?

  8. Geam Liang

    I ‘acquired’ a female Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot 5 days ago – was in a public place when the bird flew overhead hit the wall and dropped right in front of me dazed. I picked it up, it appeared unhurt but could not sustain it’s flight. I have since constructed a fairly large ‘cage’ for it, about 4ft x 2fx x 2ft and placed it there last night. I temporarily placed her in a normal bird cage until I had completed the build.
    From what I have read up, it’s a fruit, seed and insect feeder and also nectar, flower buds. It’s doing as well as it can on bananas, papaya, jack-fruit (didn’t touch the grape) and seeds (black and white sunflower and other smaller ones). It loves to bathe so I’ve gotten it a tray and from what I read it’s important to keep things clean as it easily succumbs to infection.
    Does anyone else have any useful experience and sharing on it’s upkeep? I suspect this bird is an escapee – as far as I can read up, it’s not common, if at all, found in Georgetown, Penang where I am. I’m also not optimistic that it can survive if I were to set it free – assuming it can sustain it’s flight and not go crashing down and if there were dogs/cats around that would be the end of it.
    I can attach some pictures but not sure how to do this…

  9. Lee Chiu San

    The blue-crowned hanging parrot, even though very closely related to the lovebirds, is a nectar feeder. You would raise it the way you raise a lorikeet – which is a messy process. And because you are mixing batches of food for just one little bird, whereas I used to do it for about half a dozen pigeon-sized lorikeets each morning, I don’t know how you are going to get the portions down to manageable sizes. Anyway, here goes, with my recipe for feeding big lories. You can adjust the proportions down accordingly for your little bird.

    The staple diet would be a couple of slices of soft fruit (papaya, apple, grapes, even though I am surprised that you said the bird would not eat any) and a mixture of cooked rice sweetened with nectar mix.

    How to make nectar mix? Go to a pharmacy and get a can of food for invalids or infants. I use Complan, but I am sure any good baby formula would do. I usually make up enough to fill a beer mug, but there is no way you need that amount for a day’s feeding. If in doubt, make the mixture thinner, not thicker. Birds cannot digest baby formula that is too thick. If it is too thin, they simply have to consume more to get the required amount of energy. Then to this mug, add half a teaspoonful of rose syrup. Also stir in about a cup of cooked rice, well mashed up.

    In the case of your bird, I suggest that you pour this lot into an ice-cube tray, freeze the mixture, and defrost one cube to feed it each day.

    Now, you said that this bird eats sunflower seeds. This is most unusual for a blue-crowned hanging parrot. Are you sure that this is actually the species you have? Could it be possible that you have actually got a pet lovebird that escaped? There are so many different artificially-created breeds of lovebirds in so many colours that you might have been mistaken.

    If you actually have a lovebird, feeding is much simpler. Just go to the nearest pet shop, buy a packet of budgerigar or cockatiel seed of a reputable international brand, and offer it to the bird. You can supplement this with a couple of slices of fruit each day, and that will be all. Plus of course fresh water and a piece of cuttlefish bone to nibble on.

  10. Lee Chiu San

    About nectar feeding birds. I forgot to add that feeding nectar is messy, and it goes rancid very quickly in our tropical weather. Feeding containers have to be removed and thoroughly cleaned at the end of each day. The birds also splatter the mixture and wipe their beaks on perches and the bars of the cage. All my lories and lorikeets used to be housed in outdoor aviaries which were hosed down daily.

    If Geam Liang does not think the bird will survive if released, I really hope that it is a case of mistaken identity, and that you have a lovebird, rather than a blue-crowned hanging parrot. In our part of the world, all available lovebirds are domestically bred, take to captivity readily, and are easy to feed with commercially available seed mixtures. Yes, and being domestic pets, they would not survive if released.

  11. Geam Liang

    Thank you Chiu San for your inputs. Thus far, bananas and papayas work well. I’m not sure why it did not take to grapes – will try again. Am I supposed to peel it? I didn’t the last time, basically skewered a couple of grapes to a satay stick and positioned it as I did for the sliced and skinned papaya and peeled bananas.
    I have yet to try rice and certainly not nectar but will try out your concoction – have half a mind to go to a pet shop to see if they carry nectar for birds. The ice-cube freeze method is a good one, will try that. I might be mistaken on the sunflower seeds… not touched but it did eat the much smaller roundish, mixed colored seeds. Will remove the sunflower seeds.
    I’m sure it’s a female blue crowned hanging parrot.. it sleeps like a bat every night.

  12. Lee Chiu San

    When feeding local birds which are unfamiliar with imported fruits such as grapes, it helps to split the fruits to expose the edible parts. As to your remark that the bird sleeps hanging upside down like a bat, yes, that is the way blue-crowned hanging parrots sleep.

  13. Geam Liang

    Thanks… I need to think like a bird – yup. She has probably not seen a grape much less know that it’s edible, unless the previous owner has fed her with grapes… even then… Today she’s done pretty well making the most of the banana and all of the papaya plus quite a bit of seeds. Will try the baby food + mashed rise + rose syrup.
    Will regular honey do instead of rose syrup?

  14. Lee Chiu San

    About making nectar to feed birds. Most aviculturalists do not use honey for two reasons: 1. It is expensive and does not seem to give any added benefits. 2. Honey is made by bees, and the composition varies wildly. Some honeys are also known to cause fungal infection in birds.

    If you do not want to buy a huge bottle of rose syrup just for one tiny bird, there are cheaper alternatives. The first is plain table sugar, though most don’t seem to like it very much.

    What many birds will accept quite readily as a sweetener is condensed milk – the type with sugar that coffee shop owners use.

    Many, many birds have a sweet tooth (or should I say sweet beak?) Besides the usual suspects of lories, lorikeets, sunbirds and hummingbirds, for whom it is an essential part of the diet, nectar mixture is readily consumed by mynahs, leafbirds, fairy bluebirds, barbets, doves, parrots of all kinds, and a whole host of other species.

  15. Geam Liang

    I tried the condensed mild, placed in in a small bottle cap.. only the ants showed interest. Am I supposed to dilute it? I didn’t =( I took you advice and refrained from honey. Have yet to find Rose Syrup from the shelves of TESCO… will try to mix the baby food + mashed rise + rose syrup/sugar syrup this week…

  16. David Thackray

    Can anyone help me identify a bird I saw in Singapore last week. Size of a smakll dove or thrush. Dark metallic back. Grey breast with red throat, chest.

  17. Emily Koh

    Lately I bought a bird feeder which I fill with 4parts water n 1 part white sugar. Sunbirds come regularly to drink and they are really lovely to watch. May I know if it is bad for them to feed on this? Previously they would sometimes pierce and drink from my potted flowers

  18. Emily Koh

    Lately I bought a bird feeder which I fill with 4parts water n 1 part white sugar. Sunbirds come regularly to drink and they are really lovely to watch. May I know if it is bad for them to feed on this? Previously they would sometimes pierce and drink from my potted flowers.

  19. Mahadevi Bhuti

    One of best souce for the bird watcher’s enjoying knowledge about ornithology

  20. Martin Nyffeler (PhD)

    Dear Sir / Dear Madame,

    I am a Senior Lecturer in Zoology at a University in Switzerland and I urgently need to get in touch with photographer Chan Yoke Meng, who takes beautiful photographs of birds near Singapore. Would you please mail me the email address of this photographer!


  21. Wee Ming

    Hello Besgroup,

    Trust this email finds you well. We chance upon your photograph on your website and found the amazing image of the Laced Woodpecker and durians. We would like to explore the possibility of getting permission to use them for a new Bird Park in Singapore.

    Spacelogic is a company based in Singapore and we have been contracted by Mandai Park Development to carry out design and build works relating to the exhibition interpretive displays in this new Bird Park.

    Some background of the new Mandai Bird Park project; it will build upon the legacy of the Jurong Bird Park – https://www.wrs.com.sg/en/jurong-bird-park.html by retaining and building upon a world-reference bird collection and creating a place of colour and joy for all visitors. The new Bird Park will have a world-reference ornithological collection displayed in a highly immersive way with large walk-through habitats. To enhance visitors’ experience with storyline and narrative of the bird park, transition spaces are added to display exhibits that provide a varied type of fun, intuitive, interactive and educational experiences for all visitors. One of the habitats features the Laced Woodpecker on a flora panel It is in this flora panel that we are seeking your permission to feature the Laced Woodpecker. We are looking to use the first image on the link here.
    Link can be found here: https://besgroup.org/2012/06/28/laced-woodpecker-and-durians/

    We would like to ask if this is something that we can explore further and if yes, how can we go about with putting through a formal permission request. Thank you so much for considering our request and we look forward to hearing from you.

    Warmest Regards,
    Wee Ming
    SPACElogic Pte Ltd

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