King cobra, Ophiophagus hannah

posted in: Snake | 0

 

Photo 1. Ophiophagus hannah seen in Singapore. February 2022.
Photo 2. A long snake indeed. Singapore . February 2022.

The King Cobra belongs to the genus Ophiophagus while the true cobras belong to the Naga genus. There are several other snakes with the common names of cobra that do not belong to the Naga genus, such as Tree cobras (Pseudohaje), Ring neck spitting cobras (Hemachatus), Shield nose cobras (Aspidelaps), Black desert cobras (Walterinnesia) and False water cobra (Hydrodynastes).

King Cobra, Ophiophagus hannah, has long been considered monotypic. However, recent studies have shown that King Cobras may actually be four distinct species. Mitochondrial, nuclear gene and morphology studies show four independently evolving and  geographically separated lineages: (1) Western Ghats lineage; (2) Indo-Chinese lineage (3) Indo-Malayan lineage; (4) Luzon Island lineage (the Philippine Archipelago).

     https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1055790321002335

King cobras usually range from 10 to 13 feet but can reach 19 feet in length, making them the longest of all venomous snakes.

These snakes are found from north-east India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, southern China, Liao, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and Philippines. They are found in forest areas, grasslands and mangrove forests. The skin color varies across the habitats, from black with white stripes to unbroken brownish grey. The muzzle is rounded, and the tongue black.  It has two short, fixed fangs in the front of the mouth, which channel venom into the prey. The large eyes have golden irises and round pupils.

When confronted, the snake lifts up to a third of its body (front part) off the ground and then move forward to attack in this stance. This is then followed by the flare of its iconic hood and emitting a hiss that sounds almost like a growling dog.

 

 

Ophiophagus  means snake eater. The King Cobras’ diet consists almost exclusively of snakes, Asian rat snakes, pythons, venomous Indian cobras, kraits and even small king cobras. When there is scarcity of food, they will also eat lizards, eggs, and small mammals.

A King Cobra hunts by detecting the prey’s chemical sense particles in the air with the stereo-capable forked tongue. These sense particles are transferred to a sensory receptor (Jacobson’s organ) located in the roof of its mouth. After analysis, the cobra can gauge the location of its prey. In addition, the cobra is also capable of receiving stereo earth-borne vibration signals, via the two halves of its unconnected lower jaws.

The king cobra venom is mainly neurotoxic. It is not the most toxic of snake venom but it is very deadly because of the large amount that can be injected. The amount is enough to kill 20 men or a large elephant. . King cobra venom affects the respiratory centers in the brain, causing respiratory arrest and cardiac failure.

After the prey is paralysed, it is swallowed whole, even if it is larger than the cobra’s head. This is because the jaw bones are loosely connected. This ability is known as cranial kinesis.

It hunts mainly in the day, occasionally at night.

 

Two male cobras wrestle for a nearby queen.

http://www.india.com/viral/viral-video-king-cobra-snake-fight-for-queen-sanp-5234127/

 

They are the only snakes in the world that build nests for their eggs. The female scrapes up leaves and other debris to form a mound where she lays her eggs. She guards her eggs ferociously until just before the hatchlings emerge. The male is usually nearby. They are known to pair for life.

 

One of the natural enemies of the King Cobra is the mongoose.

 

 

Article by Michael Wong

Photo credit 1 and 2:  Dr Francis Seow Choen

 

 

Read this post https://besgroup.org/2022/09/02/king-cobra-with-hood-unseen/  that shows a King Cobra not in warning display.

 

References :

1) wikipedia – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_cobra

2) National geographic – https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/reptiles/facts/king-cobra

3) Smithsonian Zoo – https://nationalzoo.si.edu/animals/king-cobra

4) World Atlas – https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/8-interesting-facts-about-the-king-cobra.html

 

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Black-naped oriole parental care of 2 chicks at Bishan estate

Shahrul Kamal was tipped off by another photographer that a pair of Black-naped orioles (Oriolus chinensis) were nesting successfully at Bishan Street 22. He was amply rewarded with the beautiful images below. As the nest was quite high up, Shahrul used his ingenuity to take the footages from a small window on level 6, next to the lift lobby. A 900 mm camera lens was used.

9 March 2022, ~ 1pm

Image 1. The parent bird inserting its beak into the throat of a chick. The chick’s eyes are not open yet.
Image 2. The chick opens its mouth wide to receive regurgitated food.
Image 3: Two very young and naked chicks, covered with down feathers on their crowns only, jostle to be fed. Can you identify the food item being pushed into the throat of the chick on the right?
Image 4. Lovey-dovey time as parent broods the chicks to keep them warm and safe from predators. Note the strands of plant material used to secure the cup-nest to the tree branch like a hammock.
Image 5. Position of the small window, adjacent to the lift lobby, that enabled Shahrul Kamal to capture these images.

 

Orioles form permanent bond-pairs and mate for life. The open cup-shaped nest is assembled by the female bird with occasional help from the male which collects nest-building materials like leaves, grass and bark. 2-4 eggs are laid and usually 2 chicks survive to fledgling stage. Both parents are actively involved in raising the chicks.  Food like caterpillars and insects are fed to young chicks, fruits, seeds, and young of other birds/vertebrates are added to the diet as the chicks grow. Orioles usually forage on tree canopies in the vicinity of the nest and seldom descend to the ground to forage.

 

All photographs © Shahrul Kamal.

Texts by Teo Lee Wei.

 

References:

  1. Handbook of the Birds of the World © 1996 vol. 13
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black-naped_oriole
  3. Video by Jeremiah Loei showing an adult feeding 3 chicks https://youtu.be/gJSZzGVsgSE

 

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Black-naped orioles at Brickfields, Kuala Lumpur

posted in: bird | 0

Black-naped oriole, Oriolus chinensis , is a frequent visitor (or permanent inhabitant) of the raintrees in the Methodist College Kuala Lumpur compound. The raintrees also host many oriental magpie robins and the occasional elusive kingfisher (yet unidentified), and also a spot for Asian koels to converge occasionally. The pictures below were taken by phone cameras.

Image 1. Black-naped oriole (Oriolus chinensis) perched on a raintree.

 

Image 2. The oriole looking at its surroundings.

 

Image 3. Oriole still on a high branch and scanning the surroundings below it.
Image 4. Oriole cocked its head to one side, probably listening to the sounds around it.

 

Watch this video shorts to hear the sounds that this particular oriole was listening to.

https://youtube.com/shorts/wpylfP-bvpc?feature=share

Orioles are known to imitate the calls of other birds.

 

Photo and video credits to Vaneezha Muniandi.

 

Post sent by Ng Di Lin

Lecturer, American Degree Transfer Program 

Methodist College Kuala Lumpur

Off Jalan Tun Sambanthan 4, Brickfields, 50470 Kuala Lumpur

 

References:

  1. Black-naped oriole call  https://youtu.be/uw44mMzIe98
  2. Different sounds and calls of Black-naped orioles https://youtu.be/yBXc2byW8l8

 

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A perching White-breasted Woodswallow

posted in: birds | 0

 

A beautiful image of a perching White-breasted Woodswallow (Artamus leucorynchus leucorynchus).

 

Photographer: Dato’ Dr. Amar-Singh HSS of Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia.

Habitat:            The Bagan Dato mangrove forest in Perak.

Date:                10th September 2020.

Equipment:       Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun

Microphone.

 

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Brown-throated Sunbird (Anthreptes malacensis) stealing nectar from Hibiscus flowers by piercing the flower base.

A female Brown-throated Sunbird (Anthreptes malacensis) spotted at Pasir Ris Park on 9 July 2022. Soh Kam Yung saw it stealing nectar (primary nectar robbing) from Hibiscus flowers by piercing the flower base. Nectar robbing does not aid in flower pollination. Secondary nectar robbing occurs when nectar is stolen from the base of flower that had been pierced by another nectar seeker earlier.

Photo 1: A female Brown-throated sunbird sitting on a Hibiscus sinensis twig.
Photo 2: The sunbird flitted from twig to twig.
Photo 3: The sunbird pierced the base of the hibiscus flower.
Photo 4: The sunbird reaching into the inside of the flower where nectar is produced.

 

Read these posts which also document other birds nectar robbing:

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Crane Fly, Hexatoma sp.

posted in: Arthropod, Crane fly | 0
Image 1. Dorsal view.

 

Image 2. Latero-dorsal view.

 

Image 3. Lateral view.

 

 

An interesting Crane Fly, genus Hexatoma, spotted at Upper Seletar Reservoir Park on 31 July 2022. Lovely red colour on the body.

Crane Flies and mosquitoes belong to the Order Diptera and are easily mistaken for each other.
    Crane flies                                                                              Mosquitoes
Larger in size ( ~ 9 – 60 mm)                                          Smaller in Size ( ~ 6.25 mm)
Body is longer and thinner                                              Body is shorter and thicker
Wings jut out from side of body                                      Wings rest above abdomen
Pointed abdomen that looks like a sting ( is not)            Absence of sting-like structure at end of abdomen
No feeding mouth parts (adults do not eat)                    Piercing and sucking mouthpart called proboscis
Crane fly larvae, known as leatherjackets, feed on living and decomposing plant matter. The larvae therefore play an important role in soil ecosystems. The adults and larvae are fed on by other animals in the ecosystems they are found in. However, the larvae can be destructive agricultural pests when present in abundance. The adults exist for a few days only and do not feed.  Thus, despite their predatory appearance they do not carry out this function of predating on mosquitoes or other insects smaller than them.
All photographs © Soh Kam Yung.
Additional texts by Teo Lee Wei.
References:
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Grey-headed fish eagle fishing action sequence

posted in: bird, Grey-headed fish eagle | 0

Shahrul Kamal celebrated Singapore’s 57th birthday on 9th August 2022.

After 2 years of failures, misses, other challenges and constraints, he finally witnessed and photographed our beloved Singaporean born raptor, the wonderful grey-headed fish eagle ( Haliaeetus ichthyaetus) in full action, after just 20 minutes of waiting.
He is happy to share this 11-set sequence with nature lovers. The pictures are self-explanatory.
This eagle is a rare resident breeder and explains Shahrul’s exhilaration.
Potong Pasir Park Connector
9 am
Image 1.
Image 2.
Image 3.
Image 4.
Image 5.
Image 6.
Image 7. Note the sharp and curved talons dug into the flesh of the fish.
Image 8.
Image 9.
Image 10.
Image 11. The prized catch is a huge cichlid(?)

 

All images © Shahrul Kamal.
Additional texts by Teo Lee Wei.
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Painting Dramatic Moments Art Exhibition, Visual Arts Centre, Singapore

posted in: Miscellaneous | 0

The Art Exhibition titled Painting Dramatic Moments by Thong Chow Ngian is now open at the Visual Arts Centre, Singapore.

 

 

Derek Yeo/VC Wildlife Moments specially put together this short video overnight for his birder photographer friend and talented painter Chow Ngian, who is holding his solo art exhibition at the Visual Arts Center. The exhibition is still ongoing until the 29th of August,2022.

Remember to pop in if you are in the vicinity of Dhoby Ghaut MRT station, admire his masterpieces and say hello to the artist himself!

https://besgroup.org/2022/08/16/painting-dramatic-moments-in-nature/  tells readers more about this exhibition.

Subaraj’s Paddy Frog (Micryletta subaraji)

posted in: Fauna | 0

The late Subaraj Rajathurai

The Straits Times of 8th August 2022 had a large spread that reported a series of animals found in Singapore named after Singaporeans. The highlight of the piece was a newly discovered frog, Micryletta subaraji or Subaraj’s Paddy Frog. Not larger than a marble and found only in Singapore, this frog was named after the late Subaraj Rajathurai, to honour him as a conservationist and a self-taught naturalist. He was an avid birder but his interest was not confined to birds alone. When out in the field looking at birds, he paid attention to other life forms like butterflies, dragonflies, termites, lizards, skinks, toads, frogs, snakes, rats, flying foxes, etc. His knowledge was such that he acted as a resource person on these faunal groups.

The Straits Times of 8th August 2022.

Subaraj’s Paddy Frog (Image courtesy of Sankar Ananthanarayanan)

Subaraj was also a conservationist at heart. He played a major role in opposing the government’s proposal to clear a patch of mature secondary forest at Lower Peirce Reservoir for a golf course.

The discovery of this small paddy frog, not larger than a marble, was first noticed some three years ago along Old Upper Thomson Road by members of the Herpetological Society of Singapore (HSS) headed by Sankar Ananthanarayanan. Another location was later traced to the Kranji Marshes. A serious study was only initiated in 2021when members of the HSS roped in Dr Chan Kin Onn, Curator of Herpetology at the Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum. Genetic materials became available as voucher specimens were collected. This in turn paved the way for detailed morphological and molecular studies that led to the confirmation of a new species of the Paddy Frog from Singapore.

Type specimens upon which description and name of a new species are based. Image courtesy of Ananthanarayanan Sankar et al, 2022.

In traditional Chinese medicine, Paddy Frogs are taken to strengthen the spleen, for malnutrition, diarrhoea and scrofula. It is also pounded into a powder and applied externally for sores, boils and ulcers on the tongue and mouth.

Acknowledgement: I wish to thank Sankar Ananthanarayanan for useful discussion, image of Subaraj’s Paddy Frog and that of the type specimens.

YC Wee, Singapore, 16th August 2022

 

Painting Dramatic Moments in Nature

posted in: Miscellaneous | 0

Mr Thong Chow Ngian is a regular contributor to BESGroup website. ‘Painting dramatic moments in Nature’ is his second solo painting exhibition. BESGroup has a great influence on the creation of his artworks, especially with the emphasis in observing, not only the beauty but the unique behavious of each species of birds and other wildlife.  These knowledge of individual species are captured on canvas and highlighted to the viewers at the exhibition.

Do come and visit this exhibition with your family and friends.

 

Exhibition dates

Dates: 25 August to 29 August 2022

Opening hours: 11am to 8pm daily

Exhibition Opening: 25 August, 8pm

Location: Visual Arts Centre

Address: 10 Penang Road, #01-02 Dhoby Ghaut Green, Singapore 238469

Free admission for all

 

About this exhibition

Dramatic moments in nature are derived from a variety of factors ranging from the beauty and unique behaviours of birds and animals. Combine these with the right mood, light conditions, weather and suitable habitat, and they all become rich ingredients that contribute to creating a dramatic painting.

In this exhibition, I hope to share some of these special moments that are remarkable but lesser known, so that the viewer will be drawn into the unique and secret world of each species. Some of these dramatic moments I painted are; hunting scenes, social behaviours, preening displays, courtship rituals, nest building, territorial defence and raising the young.

I employ a photorealistic painting style to display the inherent beauty and drama of nature. The semi-transparent quality of the acrylic medium allows me to gradually build up numerous layers of paint onto the canvas that transforms the subject into a life-like image. Prior to the painting process, I spent many hours of field research and study sketches before laying paint on the canvas. During the painting process, I included fine details, such as texture and anatomical forms, direction of light, interesting postures of the subjects and these help to breathe life into the painting. The end result is a one-of-a-kind dramatic painting and probably seen for the first time in Singapore. As with all artists, I desire my paintings to elicit an emotional `Wow!’ response from the viewer.

Through my love of nature and the environment, I try to convey my passion in paintings so that the viewer can share the experiences I’ve had in Singapore and hope that this will translate into a keener interest in our natural history heritage.

Featured Artworks

Image 1: Chestnut winged cuckoo scanning the terrain.
Image 2: Target Practice. The painting shows a juvenile Black-winged Kite learning to hunt.
Image 3: Female Greater-painted Snipe defending territory.
Image 4.  Wildboar family picnic at Ubin.

 

Contact

Artist Contact details:

Mr Thong Chow Ngian

Mobile: 96838082

email  : chowngianart@gmail.com

 

Read          https://besgroup.org/2017/05/23/besgs-contribution-to-painting-exhibition/

and             https://besgroup.org/2017/06/14/thong-chow-ngians-solo-art-exhibition/

to find out more about Thong Chow Ngian’s first solo exhibition in May 2017.

 

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26 Responses

  1. kris

    I just found a young dollarbird in the garden.. It seems to have left the nest too early and cannot fly yet. How am i to keep and feed it for a few days untill it can fly.???

  2. Iwan

    We have a small pond in our garden surrounded by trees and steep bedrock. The other day we saw a heron flying over and attempting to land – I guess to try to eat our small stock of fish. We managed to frighten it away before it landed, and have since installed trip wires around the pond in order to dissuade the bird. The amount of shelter around the pond means that a heron would have to land practically vertically. Does anyone know whether these birds have the agility to hover and land in this way, or do they always need a “glidepath” in order to land successfully?

  3. Khng Eu Meng

    Today, at the former Bidadari Cemetery, there was a buzz about a sighting of a Grey Nightjar (Caprimulgus jotaka). I heard some birders say this nightjar isn’t commonly seen in Singapore. After some hunting, we spotted it asleep on a tree branch, some 15 m above ground. This was rather interesting as my previous encounters with nightjars have been on either terra firma or on low branches.

    Is this perching so high up the tree normal or is it unusual? I have posted a photo of it on my Facebook Timeline: https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10151125012234135&set=a.108191464134.96538.617499134&type=1&theater

  4. Jess

    Bird Sanctuary At Former Bidadari Cementry

    1)Which is the best spot in Bidadari cemetery for bird watch?

    2)Where this bird usually resident at?

    3)What are some of the rare bird species that can be found at Bidadari?

    4)Where is the particular hot spot for the hornbills, eagles, kingfishers and some of the rare migratory bird?

    5)Which part of Bidadari are richest in it wildlife?

    6)Can you name me the 59 migratory bird species found?

  5. YC

    Why not search the website using the word ‘Bidadari’ to obtain the information you need. There should be sufficient info in past postings to satisfy you.

  6. Firdaus Razak

    Hai, I just want to ask did anybody had an experience bring bird from oversea via MasKargo? Did the bird will stress at high altitude?

  7. Chung Wah

    Hi, I am new to bird photography! Could anyone advise a good pair of binoculars to get for this hobby?

  8. Geam Liang

    I ‘acquired’ a female Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot 5 days ago – was in a public place when the bird flew overhead hit the wall and dropped right in front of me dazed. I picked it up, it appeared unhurt but could not sustain it’s flight. I have since constructed a fairly large ‘cage’ for it, about 4ft x 2fx x 2ft and placed it there last night. I temporarily placed her in a normal bird cage until I had completed the build.
    From what I have read up, it’s a fruit, seed and insect feeder and also nectar, flower buds. It’s doing as well as it can on bananas, papaya, jack-fruit (didn’t touch the grape) and seeds (black and white sunflower and other smaller ones). It loves to bathe so I’ve gotten it a tray and from what I read it’s important to keep things clean as it easily succumbs to infection.
    Does anyone else have any useful experience and sharing on it’s upkeep? I suspect this bird is an escapee – as far as I can read up, it’s not common, if at all, found in Georgetown, Penang where I am. I’m also not optimistic that it can survive if I were to set it free – assuming it can sustain it’s flight and not go crashing down and if there were dogs/cats around that would be the end of it.
    I can attach some pictures but not sure how to do this…
    thanks.

  9. Lee Chiu San

    The blue-crowned hanging parrot, even though very closely related to the lovebirds, is a nectar feeder. You would raise it the way you raise a lorikeet – which is a messy process. And because you are mixing batches of food for just one little bird, whereas I used to do it for about half a dozen pigeon-sized lorikeets each morning, I don’t know how you are going to get the portions down to manageable sizes. Anyway, here goes, with my recipe for feeding big lories. You can adjust the proportions down accordingly for your little bird.

    The staple diet would be a couple of slices of soft fruit (papaya, apple, grapes, even though I am surprised that you said the bird would not eat any) and a mixture of cooked rice sweetened with nectar mix.

    How to make nectar mix? Go to a pharmacy and get a can of food for invalids or infants. I use Complan, but I am sure any good baby formula would do. I usually make up enough to fill a beer mug, but there is no way you need that amount for a day’s feeding. If in doubt, make the mixture thinner, not thicker. Birds cannot digest baby formula that is too thick. If it is too thin, they simply have to consume more to get the required amount of energy. Then to this mug, add half a teaspoonful of rose syrup. Also stir in about a cup of cooked rice, well mashed up.

    In the case of your bird, I suggest that you pour this lot into an ice-cube tray, freeze the mixture, and defrost one cube to feed it each day.

    Now, you said that this bird eats sunflower seeds. This is most unusual for a blue-crowned hanging parrot. Are you sure that this is actually the species you have? Could it be possible that you have actually got a pet lovebird that escaped? There are so many different artificially-created breeds of lovebirds in so many colours that you might have been mistaken.

    If you actually have a lovebird, feeding is much simpler. Just go to the nearest pet shop, buy a packet of budgerigar or cockatiel seed of a reputable international brand, and offer it to the bird. You can supplement this with a couple of slices of fruit each day, and that will be all. Plus of course fresh water and a piece of cuttlefish bone to nibble on.

  10. Lee Chiu San

    About nectar feeding birds. I forgot to add that feeding nectar is messy, and it goes rancid very quickly in our tropical weather. Feeding containers have to be removed and thoroughly cleaned at the end of each day. The birds also splatter the mixture and wipe their beaks on perches and the bars of the cage. All my lories and lorikeets used to be housed in outdoor aviaries which were hosed down daily.

    If Geam Liang does not think the bird will survive if released, I really hope that it is a case of mistaken identity, and that you have a lovebird, rather than a blue-crowned hanging parrot. In our part of the world, all available lovebirds are domestically bred, take to captivity readily, and are easy to feed with commercially available seed mixtures. Yes, and being domestic pets, they would not survive if released.

  11. Geam Liang

    Thank you Chiu San for your inputs. Thus far, bananas and papayas work well. I’m not sure why it did not take to grapes – will try again. Am I supposed to peel it? I didn’t the last time, basically skewered a couple of grapes to a satay stick and positioned it as I did for the sliced and skinned papaya and peeled bananas.
    I have yet to try rice and certainly not nectar but will try out your concoction – have half a mind to go to a pet shop to see if they carry nectar for birds. The ice-cube freeze method is a good one, will try that. I might be mistaken on the sunflower seeds… not touched but it did eat the much smaller roundish, mixed colored seeds. Will remove the sunflower seeds.
    I’m sure it’s a female blue crowned hanging parrot.. it sleeps like a bat every night.

  12. Lee Chiu San

    When feeding local birds which are unfamiliar with imported fruits such as grapes, it helps to split the fruits to expose the edible parts. As to your remark that the bird sleeps hanging upside down like a bat, yes, that is the way blue-crowned hanging parrots sleep.

  13. Geam Liang

    Thanks… I need to think like a bird – yup. She has probably not seen a grape much less know that it’s edible, unless the previous owner has fed her with grapes… even then… Today she’s done pretty well making the most of the banana and all of the papaya plus quite a bit of seeds. Will try the baby food + mashed rise + rose syrup.
    Will regular honey do instead of rose syrup?
    Thanks.

  14. Lee Chiu San

    About making nectar to feed birds. Most aviculturalists do not use honey for two reasons: 1. It is expensive and does not seem to give any added benefits. 2. Honey is made by bees, and the composition varies wildly. Some honeys are also known to cause fungal infection in birds.

    If you do not want to buy a huge bottle of rose syrup just for one tiny bird, there are cheaper alternatives. The first is plain table sugar, though most don’t seem to like it very much.

    What many birds will accept quite readily as a sweetener is condensed milk – the type with sugar that coffee shop owners use.

    Many, many birds have a sweet tooth (or should I say sweet beak?) Besides the usual suspects of lories, lorikeets, sunbirds and hummingbirds, for whom it is an essential part of the diet, nectar mixture is readily consumed by mynahs, leafbirds, fairy bluebirds, barbets, doves, parrots of all kinds, and a whole host of other species.

  15. Geam Liang

    I tried the condensed mild, placed in in a small bottle cap.. only the ants showed interest. Am I supposed to dilute it? I didn’t =( I took you advice and refrained from honey. Have yet to find Rose Syrup from the shelves of TESCO… will try to mix the baby food + mashed rise + rose syrup/sugar syrup this week…

  16. David Thackray

    Can anyone help me identify a bird I saw in Singapore last week. Size of a smakll dove or thrush. Dark metallic back. Grey breast with red throat, chest.

  17. Emily Koh

    Lately I bought a bird feeder which I fill with 4parts water n 1 part white sugar. Sunbirds come regularly to drink and they are really lovely to watch. May I know if it is bad for them to feed on this? Previously they would sometimes pierce and drink from my potted flowers

  18. Emily Koh

    Lately I bought a bird feeder which I fill with 4parts water n 1 part white sugar. Sunbirds come regularly to drink and they are really lovely to watch. May I know if it is bad for them to feed on this? Previously they would sometimes pierce and drink from my potted flowers.

  19. Mahadevi Bhuti

    One of best souce for the bird watcher’s enjoying knowledge about ornithology

  20. Martin Nyffeler (PhD)

    Dear Sir / Dear Madame,

    I am a Senior Lecturer in Zoology at a University in Switzerland and I urgently need to get in touch with photographer Chan Yoke Meng, who takes beautiful photographs of birds near Singapore. Would you please mail me the email address of this photographer!

    Thanks,
    Martin

  21. Wee Ming

    Hello Besgroup,

    Trust this email finds you well. We chance upon your photograph on your website and found the amazing image of the Laced Woodpecker and durians. We would like to explore the possibility of getting permission to use them for a new Bird Park in Singapore.

    Spacelogic is a company based in Singapore and we have been contracted by Mandai Park Development to carry out design and build works relating to the exhibition interpretive displays in this new Bird Park.

    Some background of the new Mandai Bird Park project; it will build upon the legacy of the Jurong Bird Park – https://www.wrs.com.sg/en/jurong-bird-park.html by retaining and building upon a world-reference bird collection and creating a place of colour and joy for all visitors. The new Bird Park will have a world-reference ornithological collection displayed in a highly immersive way with large walk-through habitats. To enhance visitors’ experience with storyline and narrative of the bird park, transition spaces are added to display exhibits that provide a varied type of fun, intuitive, interactive and educational experiences for all visitors. One of the habitats features the Laced Woodpecker on a flora panel It is in this flora panel that we are seeking your permission to feature the Laced Woodpecker. We are looking to use the first image on the link here.
    Link can be found here: https://besgroup.org/2012/06/28/laced-woodpecker-and-durians/

    We would like to ask if this is something that we can explore further and if yes, how can we go about with putting through a formal permission request. Thank you so much for considering our request and we look forward to hearing from you.

    Warmest Regards,
    Wee Ming
    SPACElogic Pte Ltd

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