Zebra Dove – mating

posted in: birds, Courtship-Mating | 0

Took a complete Coronavirus free day to enjoy birds and nature (within the restrictions of our partial lockdown). Observe a pair of Zebra Doves (Geopelia striata) mating (above).

Courtship involves the male bowing and lifting up of the tail with accompanying cooing calls. There is also a ‘begging’ posture (above) by the male as he woos the female.

Louds calls before and after mating. I observed three episodes of copulation

Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr)
Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
21st May 2020

Location: Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
Habitat: Urban environment
Equipment: Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S 105mm f/2.8G VR IF-ED 

Attracting bats to your garden…

posted in: Bats | 0

Common Fruit Bats (Cynopterus brachyotis) are usually found during the day roosting in caves, on the under-surface of flyovers, under the eaves of houses, on branches of trees, etc. With the coming of dusk they fly off in search of food. Most of the time they bring their food to eat while hanging down from their roost. They thus dirty the ground below with their droppings and food remnants. And if you want to photograph bats, you need to visit their roosting sites or their feeding areas after dusk.

Dr. Francis Seow-Cohen had a different idea. He managed to lure bats to his garden so that he could photograph them in comfort. This he did in May 2020. He stuck a partially peeled banana at a leaf base of a young palm. He kept vigil after dusk with his camera at the ready. At around 7pm, not one but two bats flew in to get at the banana. Unable to bring the banana back to their roost, the two bats flew around, taking turns to cling onto the banana to take bites. The bats left only when the banana was totally eaten.

Common Fruit Bats roosting under the roof of a porch HERE and taking nectar from banana flowers HERE.

Dogtooth Cat Snake

posted in: Habitat, Snake | 0

Dogtooth Cat Snake

Family   Colubridae
Boiga cynodon


A rather long snake. Photo credit: Dr Seow-Choen


Video of a very active snake in locomotion. Video courtesy of Dr Seow-Choen.


Dogtooth Cat Snake. Distinctive dark streak behind the eye.
Photo credit: Dr Seow-Choen


There are estimated to be more than 5,000 species of snakes in the world. About two third of these living snakes belong to the Family Colubridae. They are a highly diverse group of individuals.

Around our region, peninsular Malaysia is said to have at least 141 snake species on land and in the water. Of these only 16 species of land snake and all 21 species of water snake are significantly venomous.

Dogtooth Cat snake (DTC) is mildly venomous. Its venom usually only cause slight pain and swelling to human when bitten, but is lethal to small birds. It is one of the four cat snake species (Boiga) found in Singapore. The others include the Gold-ringed Cat snake (Boiga melanota) and Jasper cat snake (Boiga jaspidea). The fourth species is the white-spotted cat snake (Boiga drapiezii) that was not seen for a long time but rediscovered in 2009 by Leong T.M., Lim K.K. and Baker N.

DTC got its name because like the cat, its big eye responds with a vertically elliptic pupil in strong light. This elliptic pupil characteristic points to a nocturnal predatory pattern. It has a rounded snout with relatively large front teeth in both upper and lower jaws. Two of these teeth are again larger than the others, giving the impression of being fangs. The real fangs are fixed fangs situated in the rear of the mouth. The large front teeth and big false front fangs (like dog’s canines) may have resulted in its dogtooth name.

DTC is endemic to Asia. It can grow up to 2.8m in length but it looks slender and thin. This is due to the fact that it is compressed side to side (laterally), giving it a prominent vertebra ridge.

Dorsally, it is reddish-brown/dark-brown in color with irregular black bands running transversely. In some you may see additional tan/yellow parallel cross bands. A few may have extra black melanin pigments, resulting in a black looking snake. However they still have the distinctive thick dark streak behind each eye. Ventrally, its belly varies from whitish to light brown.

DTC has a triangular head, much wider than its neck. This can be confused with the head of a viper. It is usually nocturnal and arboreal. It feeds on birds, their eggs, lizards, bats, frogs and rodents. It is oviparous, lays 6-12 eggs in one clutch. The young are independent at hatching and do not receive any maternal care.

DTC are usually found in lowland forest, especially at its edges. It tends to shy away from human habitations but are attracted to chickens, eggs and birds in cages. So chicken keepers beware!

Rats/mice are pests of economic and medical importance. They are important partly because of their very high potential reproductive rate. This can be seen in the recent mice explosion in the rural communities in New South Wales, Australian. Mice can be seen everywhere on the farms, tons and tons of them. Rodents eat up and contaminate the farm produce. Singapore may not have many farms but we have plenty of warehouses for storing our imported food. Hence, rodent population control is of top priority. Many snakes eat rats. There are stories of warehouse owners keeping pythons to keep rat populations down. Rodents are also carriers of diseases like leptospirosis, salmonellosis, scrub typhus, murine typhus and other helminthic sickness.

At least 15 species of local burrowing snakes (Leptotyphlopidae also known as blind snakes) are ecologically important as they help us by eating up termites.

Thus we should leave harmless snakes alone. In fact, more than two thirds of the species in the region are harmless.

Article by Wong Kais


Photos and Video Courtesy of

Dr Francis Seow-Choen

Honorary Research Associate, Sabah Forestry Department, Sabah, Malaysia

Honorary Research Affiliate, Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum, Singapore

Honorary Research Associate, National Biodiversity Centre, National Parks Board, Singapore



  1. Nature in Singapore, 2, 487 – 493
  2. A guide to THE AMPHIBIANS & REPTILES of Singapore by Kelvin KP Lim and Francis LK Lim
  3. Singapore Biodiversity : An encyclopedia of the Natural Environment and Sustainable Development.  Edited by Peter K>L> Ng, Richard T. Corlett and Hugh T.W. Tan © 2011

Zebra Dove – male calls/song post mating

posted in: birds, Vocalisation | 0

I observed a male Zebra Dove (Geopelia striata) calling out loudly post mating. Wells (1999) states that the male sings as they sit side by side and describes the song in detail. This post copulation song was intermittent but extended for 3-4 minutes, with 28 notes per minute that were spaced out evenly; each lasting ~0.5 seconds. I wonder if it was a call to advertise territory post mating? 

The call can be heard here: https://www.xeno-canto.org/560520

A sonogram and waveform of calls are given above. 
Wells, D.R. (1999). The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula. Vol. 1. Non-passerines. Academic Press, London.
Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr)
Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
21st May 2020

Habitat: Urban environment
Equipment: Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S 105mm f/2.8G VR IF-ED 

Plain Flowerpecker feeding on mistletoe fruit

posted in: birds, Feeding-plants | 0

A single Plain Flowerpecker (Dicaeum concolor [minullum] borneanum) was seen feeding on the fruits of the Rusty-leaf Mistletoe (Scurrula ferruginea).

Food of items I have observed Plain Flowerpeckers feeding on:
1.    Scurrula ferruginea (Rusty-leaf Mistletoe) – native plant, fruit and nectar feeding
2.    Melastoma malabathricum (Straits rhododendron) – native plant, fruit feeding
3.    Other unidentified Mistletoe
4.    Bridelia tomentosa fruit.
Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr)
Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
22nd February 2021

Location: Kledang-Sayong Forest Reserve, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
Habitat: Primary forest 
Equipment: Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone

Greater Green Leafbird with prey

A Greater Green Leafbird (Chloropsis sonnerati zosterops) was seen with a large beetle prey.

Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr)
Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
21st February 2021

Location: Kledang-Sayong Forest Reserve, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
Habitat: Primary forest
Equipment: Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone

Reddish colugo mother and her grey coloured baby (Galeopterus variegatus)

posted in: Mammals, mother and baby | 0

An article on 14 August 2021, had pictures showing a grey-coloured mother and her grey-coloured baby in close interactions. Subsequently on 22 August 2021, a video showed a reddish mother with a grey- coloured baby.

The feature photograph was taken by Dr Tan Ai Ling at Lower Peirce Reservoir Park, Singapore in January 2021. It shows a grey-coloured mother with a grey-coloured baby.

Genetics of colour inheritance between the various species and subspecies of colugos is not well understood. It is difficult to study the animals in the wild and they do not thrive well in captivity.

Photo credit: Dr Tan Ai Ling. The picture shows a grey-coloured mother with a grey-coloured baby.


The video below, taken at Lower Peirce Reservoir Park, Singapore shows a reddish mother and her grey-coloured baby.

Video courtesy of Dr Francis Seow-Choen.


Posted by Wong Kais.


BESGroup gratefully thank

Dr Francis Seow-Choen

Honorary Research Associate, Sabah Forestry Department, Sabah, Malaysia

Honorary Research Affiliate, Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum, Singapore

Honorary Research Associate, National Biodiversity Centre, National Parks Board, Singapore


Dr Tan Ai Ling

NOTE: Names of contributors are listed in alphabetical order and not in order of importance.

Zebra Dove – sexing

posted in: birds, Sex | 0

Sexing of Zebra Doves (Geopelia striata) is best identified by courtship behaviour with male bowing and displaying. When not mating physical sex differences are subtle and not necessarily consistent. Calls between sexes also do not appear to be different. 

Gibbs, Barnes and Cox (2001) suggest that in females the barring in the breast is more extensive (extends further onto the breast) and the pinkish centre to breast more restricted in extent. 

Having observed this pair of mating I was sure of the sex. The composite image (identical post image processing) shows the male on the left and female on the right. The differences are subtle. 

Gibbs, D., Barnes, E. and Cox, J. (2001). Pigeons and doves: a guide to the pigeons and doves of the world. Pica Press, Robertsbridge.

Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr)
Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
21st May 2020

Location: Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
Habitat: Urban environment
Equipment: Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S 105mm f/2.8G VR IF-ED 

Changeable Hawk-Eagle (Nisaetus cirrhatus) bitten by Paradise Tree Snake (Chrysopelea paradisi) in a life and death duel part 1

The changeable hawk-eagle (Nisaetus cirrhatus formerly Spizaetus cirrhatus) is also known as Indian crested hawk-eagle. There are varying colour forms in different regions of the world.  Some forms are crested and yet others are not crested. The taxonomy is still in flux as genetic studies have not been able to elucidate the relationship between many of the species. There are also differences in size in different regions. The diet comprises other birds, reptiles and small mammals.

The paradise tree snake (Chrysopelea paradisi) is also known as the paradise flying snake as the snake is able to glide in the trees. The snake can grow up to 1 m in length. Its venomous fangs are located at the back of its mouth. It is arboreal and hunts in the day.  Small vertebrates make up most of its diet.

Ghim Pin Tan was at Pasir Ris Park on 11 September 2021 and documented a crestless, dark morph dueling a paradise tree snake. The snake aimed for the bird’s the eye and thus escaped the bird’s great talons. Snake got to live another day.

Changeable Hawk Eagle attacked by Paradise Tree Snake.  Photo courtesy of Tan Ghim Pin


Eagle’s right leg released its hold on the snake. Photo courtesy of Tan Ghim Pin


Snake slithered away to live another day. Photo courtesy of Tan Ghim Pin


Shahrul Kamal observed a changeable hawk-eagle way back in June 2021.  Read Shahrul’s account of the bird’s activities that day.

Today I had the chance to shoot the CHE in good light after a 3 week wait. It perched near the shelter at Car Park B for approximately 15-25 mins and gave up after crows started to harass the poor CHE who is trying to have some rest.

It was ‘harassed’ by a fly (mynah dont quite bother) until it flew towards the pond with the crows in hot pursuit!

CHE must apply for freehold license at Pasir Ris Park tree of its choice. Crows or hornbills got no say.

13 June 2021, around 11:35 am.

*My great thanks to bro Yap Desmond who saw it flying across the Sungai fire fire** (Api Api River in Pasir Ris Park)


Fly buzzing around the eagle


A different perspective of the eagle.



  1. A guide to The Amphibians and Reptiles of Singapore by Kelvin KP Lim and Francis LK Lim (published by Science Centre 1992)
  2. Biodiversity of Singapore: An encyclopedia of the Natural Environment and Sustainable Development © 2011

Edited by: Peter KL Ng, Richard T. Corlett and Hugh T. W. Tan

Posted by K~LW

 This post is a cooperative effort between Birds, Insects N Creatures Of Asia and BESG to bring the study of birds and their behaviour through photography and videography to a wider audience.


Yellow-breasted Warbler nesting

posted in: Nesting | 0

I spotted a pair of Yellow-breasted Warblers (Seicercus montis davisoni) nesting in the montane forest at Cameron Highlands in Pahang, Malaysia.

I did not approach the nest or attempt to look at it. I stayed about 5-6 meters away. I was watching birds along a road and this pair was actively feeding young and generally comfortable with my presence; entering and exiting the nest while I was nearby.

The nest was located 2.5-3 meters on the slope/bank under the roots of over-hanging trees and bushes; the nest itself was not visible (see composite image above).

Both partners were actively bringing prey. They collected prey from 5-10 meters around the nest site and items I could identify were caterpillars, spiders and Crane Flies (Tipulidae) – see above. Much of the prey was gleaned from the under surface of leaves and ferns. After having observed numerous episodes, on this occasion and previous visits, I am now convinced that fluttering to obtain prey under foliage is a major hunting technique. They have very high-pitched calls but my recordings were poor (and old age hearing loss failed me).

Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr)
Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
4th March 2019

Location: 1,700m ASL, Cameron Highlands, Pahang, Malaysia
Habitat: Primary montane forest
Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Tamron SP 150-600mm f/5-6.3 Di VC USD, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone

26 Responses

  1. kris

    I just found a young dollarbird in the garden.. It seems to have left the nest too early and cannot fly yet. How am i to keep and feed it for a few days untill it can fly.???

  2. Iwan

    We have a small pond in our garden surrounded by trees and steep bedrock. The other day we saw a heron flying over and attempting to land – I guess to try to eat our small stock of fish. We managed to frighten it away before it landed, and have since installed trip wires around the pond in order to dissuade the bird. The amount of shelter around the pond means that a heron would have to land practically vertically. Does anyone know whether these birds have the agility to hover and land in this way, or do they always need a “glidepath” in order to land successfully?

  3. Khng Eu Meng

    Today, at the former Bidadari Cemetery, there was a buzz about a sighting of a Grey Nightjar (Caprimulgus jotaka). I heard some birders say this nightjar isn’t commonly seen in Singapore. After some hunting, we spotted it asleep on a tree branch, some 15 m above ground. This was rather interesting as my previous encounters with nightjars have been on either terra firma or on low branches.

    Is this perching so high up the tree normal or is it unusual? I have posted a photo of it on my Facebook Timeline: https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10151125012234135&set=a.108191464134.96538.617499134&type=1&theater

  4. Jess

    Bird Sanctuary At Former Bidadari Cementry

    1)Which is the best spot in Bidadari cemetery for bird watch?

    2)Where this bird usually resident at?

    3)What are some of the rare bird species that can be found at Bidadari?

    4)Where is the particular hot spot for the hornbills, eagles, kingfishers and some of the rare migratory bird?

    5)Which part of Bidadari are richest in it wildlife?

    6)Can you name me the 59 migratory bird species found?

  5. YC

    Why not search the website using the word ‘Bidadari’ to obtain the information you need. There should be sufficient info in past postings to satisfy you.

  6. Firdaus Razak

    Hai, I just want to ask did anybody had an experience bring bird from oversea via MasKargo? Did the bird will stress at high altitude?

  7. Chung Wah

    Hi, I am new to bird photography! Could anyone advise a good pair of binoculars to get for this hobby?

  8. Geam Liang

    I ‘acquired’ a female Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot 5 days ago – was in a public place when the bird flew overhead hit the wall and dropped right in front of me dazed. I picked it up, it appeared unhurt but could not sustain it’s flight. I have since constructed a fairly large ‘cage’ for it, about 4ft x 2fx x 2ft and placed it there last night. I temporarily placed her in a normal bird cage until I had completed the build.
    From what I have read up, it’s a fruit, seed and insect feeder and also nectar, flower buds. It’s doing as well as it can on bananas, papaya, jack-fruit (didn’t touch the grape) and seeds (black and white sunflower and other smaller ones). It loves to bathe so I’ve gotten it a tray and from what I read it’s important to keep things clean as it easily succumbs to infection.
    Does anyone else have any useful experience and sharing on it’s upkeep? I suspect this bird is an escapee – as far as I can read up, it’s not common, if at all, found in Georgetown, Penang where I am. I’m also not optimistic that it can survive if I were to set it free – assuming it can sustain it’s flight and not go crashing down and if there were dogs/cats around that would be the end of it.
    I can attach some pictures but not sure how to do this…

  9. Lee Chiu San

    The blue-crowned hanging parrot, even though very closely related to the lovebirds, is a nectar feeder. You would raise it the way you raise a lorikeet – which is a messy process. And because you are mixing batches of food for just one little bird, whereas I used to do it for about half a dozen pigeon-sized lorikeets each morning, I don’t know how you are going to get the portions down to manageable sizes. Anyway, here goes, with my recipe for feeding big lories. You can adjust the proportions down accordingly for your little bird.

    The staple diet would be a couple of slices of soft fruit (papaya, apple, grapes, even though I am surprised that you said the bird would not eat any) and a mixture of cooked rice sweetened with nectar mix.

    How to make nectar mix? Go to a pharmacy and get a can of food for invalids or infants. I use Complan, but I am sure any good baby formula would do. I usually make up enough to fill a beer mug, but there is no way you need that amount for a day’s feeding. If in doubt, make the mixture thinner, not thicker. Birds cannot digest baby formula that is too thick. If it is too thin, they simply have to consume more to get the required amount of energy. Then to this mug, add half a teaspoonful of rose syrup. Also stir in about a cup of cooked rice, well mashed up.

    In the case of your bird, I suggest that you pour this lot into an ice-cube tray, freeze the mixture, and defrost one cube to feed it each day.

    Now, you said that this bird eats sunflower seeds. This is most unusual for a blue-crowned hanging parrot. Are you sure that this is actually the species you have? Could it be possible that you have actually got a pet lovebird that escaped? There are so many different artificially-created breeds of lovebirds in so many colours that you might have been mistaken.

    If you actually have a lovebird, feeding is much simpler. Just go to the nearest pet shop, buy a packet of budgerigar or cockatiel seed of a reputable international brand, and offer it to the bird. You can supplement this with a couple of slices of fruit each day, and that will be all. Plus of course fresh water and a piece of cuttlefish bone to nibble on.

  10. Lee Chiu San

    About nectar feeding birds. I forgot to add that feeding nectar is messy, and it goes rancid very quickly in our tropical weather. Feeding containers have to be removed and thoroughly cleaned at the end of each day. The birds also splatter the mixture and wipe their beaks on perches and the bars of the cage. All my lories and lorikeets used to be housed in outdoor aviaries which were hosed down daily.

    If Geam Liang does not think the bird will survive if released, I really hope that it is a case of mistaken identity, and that you have a lovebird, rather than a blue-crowned hanging parrot. In our part of the world, all available lovebirds are domestically bred, take to captivity readily, and are easy to feed with commercially available seed mixtures. Yes, and being domestic pets, they would not survive if released.

  11. Geam Liang

    Thank you Chiu San for your inputs. Thus far, bananas and papayas work well. I’m not sure why it did not take to grapes – will try again. Am I supposed to peel it? I didn’t the last time, basically skewered a couple of grapes to a satay stick and positioned it as I did for the sliced and skinned papaya and peeled bananas.
    I have yet to try rice and certainly not nectar but will try out your concoction – have half a mind to go to a pet shop to see if they carry nectar for birds. The ice-cube freeze method is a good one, will try that. I might be mistaken on the sunflower seeds… not touched but it did eat the much smaller roundish, mixed colored seeds. Will remove the sunflower seeds.
    I’m sure it’s a female blue crowned hanging parrot.. it sleeps like a bat every night.

  12. Lee Chiu San

    When feeding local birds which are unfamiliar with imported fruits such as grapes, it helps to split the fruits to expose the edible parts. As to your remark that the bird sleeps hanging upside down like a bat, yes, that is the way blue-crowned hanging parrots sleep.

  13. Geam Liang

    Thanks… I need to think like a bird – yup. She has probably not seen a grape much less know that it’s edible, unless the previous owner has fed her with grapes… even then… Today she’s done pretty well making the most of the banana and all of the papaya plus quite a bit of seeds. Will try the baby food + mashed rise + rose syrup.
    Will regular honey do instead of rose syrup?

  14. Lee Chiu San

    About making nectar to feed birds. Most aviculturalists do not use honey for two reasons: 1. It is expensive and does not seem to give any added benefits. 2. Honey is made by bees, and the composition varies wildly. Some honeys are also known to cause fungal infection in birds.

    If you do not want to buy a huge bottle of rose syrup just for one tiny bird, there are cheaper alternatives. The first is plain table sugar, though most don’t seem to like it very much.

    What many birds will accept quite readily as a sweetener is condensed milk – the type with sugar that coffee shop owners use.

    Many, many birds have a sweet tooth (or should I say sweet beak?) Besides the usual suspects of lories, lorikeets, sunbirds and hummingbirds, for whom it is an essential part of the diet, nectar mixture is readily consumed by mynahs, leafbirds, fairy bluebirds, barbets, doves, parrots of all kinds, and a whole host of other species.

  15. Geam Liang

    I tried the condensed mild, placed in in a small bottle cap.. only the ants showed interest. Am I supposed to dilute it? I didn’t =( I took you advice and refrained from honey. Have yet to find Rose Syrup from the shelves of TESCO… will try to mix the baby food + mashed rise + rose syrup/sugar syrup this week…

  16. David Thackray

    Can anyone help me identify a bird I saw in Singapore last week. Size of a smakll dove or thrush. Dark metallic back. Grey breast with red throat, chest.

  17. Emily Koh

    Lately I bought a bird feeder which I fill with 4parts water n 1 part white sugar. Sunbirds come regularly to drink and they are really lovely to watch. May I know if it is bad for them to feed on this? Previously they would sometimes pierce and drink from my potted flowers

  18. Emily Koh

    Lately I bought a bird feeder which I fill with 4parts water n 1 part white sugar. Sunbirds come regularly to drink and they are really lovely to watch. May I know if it is bad for them to feed on this? Previously they would sometimes pierce and drink from my potted flowers.

  19. Mahadevi Bhuti

    One of best souce for the bird watcher’s enjoying knowledge about ornithology

  20. Martin Nyffeler (PhD)

    Dear Sir / Dear Madame,

    I am a Senior Lecturer in Zoology at a University in Switzerland and I urgently need to get in touch with photographer Chan Yoke Meng, who takes beautiful photographs of birds near Singapore. Would you please mail me the email address of this photographer!


  21. Wee Ming

    Hello Besgroup,

    Trust this email finds you well. We chance upon your photograph on your website and found the amazing image of the Laced Woodpecker and durians. We would like to explore the possibility of getting permission to use them for a new Bird Park in Singapore.

    Spacelogic is a company based in Singapore and we have been contracted by Mandai Park Development to carry out design and build works relating to the exhibition interpretive displays in this new Bird Park.

    Some background of the new Mandai Bird Park project; it will build upon the legacy of the Jurong Bird Park – https://www.wrs.com.sg/en/jurong-bird-park.html by retaining and building upon a world-reference bird collection and creating a place of colour and joy for all visitors. The new Bird Park will have a world-reference ornithological collection displayed in a highly immersive way with large walk-through habitats. To enhance visitors’ experience with storyline and narrative of the bird park, transition spaces are added to display exhibits that provide a varied type of fun, intuitive, interactive and educational experiences for all visitors. One of the habitats features the Laced Woodpecker on a flora panel It is in this flora panel that we are seeking your permission to feature the Laced Woodpecker. We are looking to use the first image on the link here.
    Link can be found here: https://besgroup.org/2012/06/28/laced-woodpecker-and-durians/

    We would like to ask if this is something that we can explore further and if yes, how can we go about with putting through a formal permission request. Thank you so much for considering our request and we look forward to hearing from you.

    Warmest Regards,
    Wee Ming
    SPACElogic Pte Ltd

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