Puff-throated Babbler – calls

posted in: birds, Vocalisation | 0

Post 1.

The Puff-throated Babbler (Pellorneum ruficeps acrum) is more heard than seen. I listened to one for more than 1.5 hours but had only occasional, fleeting glimpses (Post 1). P. r. acrum is a ‘richer’ coloured subspecies. Listening to calls from different regions, there appears to be some variation. Wells (2007) describe the local calls as ‘pri-tee deer’. They are loud calls, given 3-4 seconds part, for long periods. A sonogram and waveform in Post 2 and a call recording here: https://www.xeno-canto.org/595535

Post 2.

There is a Fluffy-backed Tit-Babbler (Macronus ptilosus) calling in the background

 

Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Broken primary forest with secondary growth

Date: 15th October 2020

Equipment: Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone

Grey-throated Babbler 

posted in: birds, Morphology-Develop. | 0

Post 1.

I saw a number of Grey-throated Babblers (Stachyris nigriceps davisonithese) either as part of mixed foraging parties (bird waves) or a small social unit (3 birds).

Post 2.

The component of the mixed foraging party they were involved with, included: Blue-winged Minlas (Minla cyanouroptera), Mountain Leaf Warblers (Phylloscopus trivirgatus), Silver-eared Mesias (Leiothrix argentauris), Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrikes (Hemipus picatus), White-throated Fantails (Rhipidura albicollis), Golden Babblers (Stachyridopsis chrysaea), Grey-headed Canary Flycatchers (Culicicapa ceylonensis), Mountain Fulvettas (Alcippe peracensis), Mountain Bulbul (Ixos mcclellandii), Black-throated Sunbird (Aethopyga saturate) and more.

Post 3.

Post 4.

In the past I have also seen them foraging only with Streaked Wren Babblers (Napothera brevicaudata). I have seen them feed on fruit (an orange fruiting wild bush) but usually appear to be looking for insects and invertebrates.

Post 5.

Although they are called ‘grey-throated’, the chin appears more white than grey, especially when seen together with the white malar flash – very apparent from a front view (Post 3). The lower throat is darker. There is a clear eye-ring (darker anteriorly) seen best in close up views (Post 2). S. n. davisoni is said to be “blacker on crown and nape, latter with few white streaks, has richer upperparts, darker grey throat” (Handbook of the Birds of the World 2020).

Post 6.

Post 7.

Post 8.

Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: 1,800m ASL, Cameron Highlands, Pahang, Malaysia

Habitat: Trail through primary jungle

Date: 24th September 2020

Equipment: Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone

Long-tailed shrike (Lanius schach) swallowing brown anole (Anolis sagrei)

posted in: bird, brown anole, Feeding-vertebrates | 0

Protagonist 1: Long-tailed shrike, Lanius schach, the predator.

Protagonist 2: Brown anole, Anolis sagrei, the prey.

Long-tailed shrike, Lanius schach

  • Family Laniidae
  • 25-28 cm long
  • resident in Singapore. Also found in North-East India, Eastern and Southern China, Taiwan & South-East Asia
  • seldom encountered in field, diurnal predatory bird
  • diet: lizards, small birds, small mammals, fish, small snakes
  • interesting snippets: not raptor but hunts like one by swooping down on prey from high branch
  • also known locally as butcher birds as they impale large preys on sharp branch or long thorn, much like the ‘butcher birds’ of Australia ( Family Artamidae, Genera Melloria & Cracticus)

 

Brown anole, Anolis sagrei (formerly Norops sagrei)

  • Family Dactyloidae
  • snout to vent length, that is, excluding tail: male 6.4 cm  female 4.8 cm
  • originally from Cuba and Bahamas. First noticed at Gardens by the Bay, Singapore in 2012. Probably hitched free ride on  ornamental plants
  • diet: insects, earthworms and snails
  • interesting snippets: the lizards can display different colours depending on the time of day, whether it is displaying aggression,      reproductive display.
  • males have more developed dewlap for aggression, territorial and mating displays

 

Andy Chew documented  a long-tailed shrike in the process of swallowing a dead brown anole whole.

Photo 1. Long-tailed shrike with dead brown anole in its beak.

 

Photo 2. Long-tailed shrike swallowing brown anole head first.

 

Photo 3. Half of brown anole inside mouth of long-tailed shrike.

 

Photo 4. Only long tail of brown anole remains to be swallowed.

 

Photo 5. Potrait of a brown anole.

 

Photos 1-4 attribute Andy Chew. Gardens by the Bay, Singapore. 19 March 2022

Photo      5 attribute Shahrul Kamal. Gardens by the Bay, Singapore. 9 March 2022

Post 1 is about a long-tailed shrike feeding on an impaled lizard and post 2 is about a tiger shrike feeding on an impaled lizard. Read  post 3 about a long-tailed shrike mobbing a barn owl. Also read post 4post 5 , and post 6 about other aspects of the long-tailed shrike.

Article by Teo Lee Wei

References: 

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long-tailed_shrike
  2. https://ebird.org/species/lotshr1
  3. https://wiki.nus.edu.sg/display/TAX/Norops+sagrei+-+Brown+Anole

Mountain Fulvetta – calls

posted in: birds, Vocalisation | 0

Post 1.

Two types of calls made by the Mountain Fulvettas (Alcippe peracensis peracensis).

Post 2.

Sonogram and waveform in the Post 2 with call recording here: https://www.xeno-canto.org/507148

This call is a buzzy contact call with softer notes/whistles interspersed.

Post 3.

Sonogram and waveform in the Post 3 with call recording here: https://www.xeno-canto.org/507149

This second series of calls sounds like the first but has more softer notes and the buzzing calls are less pronounced.

 

Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: 1,700m ASL, Cameron Highlands, Pahang, Malaysia

Habitat: Primary montane forest

Date: 12th November 2019

Equipment: Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone

Puff-throated Babbler – 2

posted in: birds, Miscellaneous | 0

Post 1.

I have more opportunities and extended time to observe these Puff-throated Babbler (Pellorneum ruficeps acrumbabblers). Calls are easy to identify but they spend much time in the undergrowth, often on the ground, making visibility an issue.

Post 2.

These birds can walk through the undergrowth without showing themselves. I saw two birds on this occasion but cannot be sure which one I was imaging due to fast movements.

Post 3.

For a brief moment one came out onto the road that cut through this primary jungle (crossing over) and allowed very good images (Post 3). Notice that the lighting caused apparent variation in plumage – compare Post 1 (greyer brown upperparts) and 3 (richer, warmer brown upperparts).

Post 4.

Post 4 is a face close-up showing the subtle whitish eye-ring, olive eye-lid rims, white supercilium especially behind the eye and orange-yellow of the proximal half of the lower mandible (Wells 2007). P. r. acrum is said to be ‘darker and colder above, with deeper-toned crown’ (Handbook of the Birds of the World  2021). Pale pink feet and puffed out throat (when calling) best seen in post 2.

 

Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: Kledang-Sayong Forest Reserve, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Road through primary forest

Date: 1st January 2021

Equipment: Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone

Flycatchers with yellow-rumps – discussion with Dr David Wells

An earlier post on Yellow-rumped Flycatchers HERE https://besgroup.org/2022/03/14/yellow-rumped-flycatchers-yellow-rumps/ led to a series of discussions with Dr David Wells that are reported here by Dato’ Dr Amar-Singh HSS.

Post 1.

Amar: Thank you very much for responding on my observations on flycatchers with yellow-rumps that I have been seeing. It is a bit longish and I have added the images here to help with the dialogue.

Some guides suggest that the female Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina)/Green-backed Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina elisae) have yellow rumps. Wells 2007 and Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive 2018 both do not and indicate that the rump of these females is greenish or yellowish-olive (but not bright yellow). Hence any yellow-rumped bird cannot be a female Narcissus Flycatcher/Green-backed Flycatcher.

David: Correct; any first-winterer (either sex) or older female with yellow rump can only be a Yellow-rumped Flycatcher.

Amar: However, males of the Yellow-rumped Flycatcher (Ficedula zanthopygia), Narcissus Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina)/Green-backed Flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina elisae) all have yellow rumps and when in first winter plumage can mimic the female Yellow-rumped Flycatcher (Ficedula zanthopygia).

Post 2.

David: Incorrect. Males of the narcissina complex do not acquire a yellow rump until after spring departure north (apparently at the complete moult of their second autumn). Females never do.

Amar: My third issue is how much yellow is the female Yellow-rumped Flycatcher (Ficedula zanthopygia) allowed? Many would label a pale-breasted flycatcher with a yellow-rump as a female Yellow-rumped Flycatcher (as many guides illustrate); but some can be quite yellow.

Wells 2007 on female Yellow-rumped Flycatchers states “Below, chin to belly and flanks variable off-white to pale sulphur yellow.” This makes the differentiation between adult female Yellow-rumped Flycatchers from the first winter males of the Yellow-rumped or Narcissus/Green-backed Flycatchers more difficult.

Post 3.

David: Uncertain; colour tone could be the difference between adult female and first-winterers and/or between first-winter sexes. Needs a bit more work as age-classes can be told apart on other characters (e.g. upper tail-covert colour).

Amar: In addition, the differentiation between adult female Yellow-rumped Flycatcher from first year/first winter Yellow-rumped Flycatchers (male or female) is not that easy.

One useful feature to identify first year birds is the size and limited development of the white wing bar (less prominent in first winter birds than adult females).

David: Apparently, yes; true.

Amar: Now to the bird ID’s.

Post 4.

Amar: The first flycatcher I saw with a bright yellow-rump (Post 1) was a pale bird, with hardly any yellow on the breast, a weak pale supercilium, a white eye ring and poorly developed white bars on the wing. I think this is a first winter Yellow-rumped Flycatcher and possibly a female.

David: Post 1. Female/first-winter Yellow-rumped.

Amar: One person said that as the bill is completely black it is an adult female. I still think this is a first winter Yellow-rumped Flycatcher and possibly a female.

Post 5.

Amar: The second flycatcher I saw with a bright yellow-rump had yellow on the breast, some faint barring or spotting on upper breast & neck, a yellowish eye ring and a clear large/broad white stripe on the wing (see also Post 3 of same bird).

Is this an adult female Yellow-rumped Flycatcher? But the white wing bar is too big and reminiscent of the males (Yellow-rumped or Narcissus/Green-backed Flycatchers).

However the supercilium is poorly developed at the present stage to offer help. I am inclined to think this is a first winter male Ficedula narcissina elisae (Narcissus/Green-backed Flycatcher) but open to opinions.

Post 6.

David: Post 2. Some key characters not in view but my guess would be immature male (second spring?) Narcissus (elisae). Post 3. First-winter>second spring male Yellow-rumped. Are you claiming your posts 2 and 3 were the same bird?  Surely not as their wings look quite different. Also, post 2 has yellowish eye-ring, which is a Narcissus, not a Yellow-rumped character. Post 3 (presumably taken in Malaysia) can only be a Yellow-rumped male.

Post 7.

Amar: Yes, David, both images are of the same bird taken in Ipoh, Malaysia on 17th Sept 2018. The images were taken a few seconds apart as I was tracking/following this one bird with my camera and long lens. So no mistake there. Here is another image of the same bird at the same time. I have cropped harder to focus on the face (Post 4).

I wonder if it is a pale eye ring that lighting can affect easily? Light was strong at this time. To add to the discussion, Post 4 is another Flycatcher with a yellow-rump that I saw one week later (26th September 2018) at the same location.

I went back to look for the 2 birds but saw this one – 4 images.

A bright yellow-rump with yellow mainly on the lower breast (unlike the earlier bird), some faint barring or spotting on upper breast and neck, a pale white eye ring and a clear large/broad white stripe on the wing. Adult female Yellow-rumped Flycatcher?

Post 8.

Hope these adds to the conversation.

 

Dato’ Dr Amar-Singh HSS – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

 

Mating Harlequin Red Bug, Dindymus versicolor

posted in: Arthropod, Harlequin Red Bug, Insect, Mating | 0

The Harlequin Red Bug Dindymus versicolor is a Hemipteran (true bug) in the Pyrrhocoridae family. It is also known as the cotton stainer bug and native to Tasmania and South-East Australia: South Australia, Victoria and New South Wales.

Two red triangles can be seen on the back when the wings are folded but colour variations can exist. The insects are up to 12 mm long. Wong Kais encountered them on his nature walk in Victoria, Australia. Many of them were seen crawling on a wayside railing.  He documented a mating pair: the larger insect on the right is the female. The larger female was the stronger of the two and kept pulling the male in the direction she was going. Thus, this bug is also known as the push me/pull me bug.  Another two of these bugs can be seen crawling in the background.

The males secrete a pheromone to attract youngs and females.  The females secrete another pheromone to signal that they are ready to mate.  Females copulate with multiple males each season and lay more than 100 eggs. Thus, the population explodes in spring and summer.

Photo courtesy of Wong Kais. 30 October 2015. Healesville, Victoria, Australia. The female is larger than the male. The female is in a variant colour: shield is completely black and lacking  the two red triangles

They are a significant pest in the agricultural sector, damaging fruit crops like cotton, pome (apples, pears), stone fruits (peaches, plums, cherries, apricots, mangoes, olives), figs, grapes, strawberries, tomatoes and vegetables in the Cruciferae family (cabbage, broccoli and rape). The bugs feed on the sugary saps of  host plants and cause the tender growing tips and flower buds to wilt. Young developing fruits are damaged and discoloured, causing great loss to farmers.

The bugs have hard exoskeletons which act as  shields on their backs. The bugs also release an obnoxious secretion when faced with danger, lending credence to its alternate name of stink bug. Observations on the ground point to the lack of natural predators which are able to control the population of these bugs.  Garden spiders have been noted to feed on the eggs of these bugs. Praying mantises feed on the nymphs.  Birds and toads have been noted to predate on them (how do they deal with the stink?!).

Article by Teo Lee Wei

References:

  1. http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0005/142808/plant-bugs.pdf
  2. https://extensionaus.com.au/ozapplepearipdm/test-image_-harlequin-bug/
  3. https://www.whatsthatbug.com/2015/10/13/mating-unknown-seed-bugs-from-australia/
  4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dindymus_versicolor
  5. https://gippslandgardener.wordpress.com/2012/01/19/the-dreaded-dindymus-versicolour/
  6. https://www.wikiwand.com/en/Harlequin_cabbage_bug
  7. https://www.abc.net.au/gardening/factsheets/to-hell-with-harlequins/9437846
  8. http://www.herbiguide.com.au/Descriptions/hg_Harlequin_Bug.htm

 

Jambu Fruit Dove – feeding on fruit

posted in: birds, Feeding-plants, uncategorised | 0

Post 1.

I observed a pair of Jambu Fruit-Dove (Ptilinopus jambu) in March 2022 in Perak, feeding on the fruit of the Vitex pinnata (Malayan Teak, local name “Leban”) – fruits are 5-8 mm in diameter, black when ripe and a popular fruit tree for many bulbul, barbet and flowerpecker species (see 5th image). This is a new food source for the species.

Post 2.

Both birds appeared immature (self-feeding juveniles).

Post 3.

The first bird (image 1 and 2) appeared to be an immature male with pink-crimson developing in the face, white underpart and the breast patch just having a hint of pink (currently dark grey). The dark throat appears to have been acquired early.

Post 4.

The second bird (image 3 and 4) looked to be an immature female with no pink in the face and the upper part of the breast darker with a tinge of green developing.

There were no adults in attendance.

Post 5.

 
Dato’ Dr Amar-Singh HSS – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Plaintive Cuckoo – sexing, age

posted in: birds, Miscellaneous | 0

I have always been on the lookout for female Plaintive Cuckoos (Cacomantis merulinus threnodes) in grey morph. We are of course familiar with the female in the hepatic or rufous morph. Erritzøe, Mann & Brammer (2012) state that adult female grey morph look “like male but abdomen barred whitish and rectrices more barred”. It is not easy to find images of such adult females. Oriental Bird Images carries two images of one such bird (see below) but the differences are hard to appreciate. The editor of OBI comments “The brown cast to the wings and faint grey barring on the rufous breast indicate that this is a female”.

I saw this Plaintive Cuckoo that, at first glance, looks like an immature or subadult male. But on closer review the wings are browner and there may be some white fringes to the breast feathers (best seen on high resolution images). It is hard to be sure as there is moulting going on. It is still most likely an immature male but it got me thinking about adult females.

Surely adult females must at some time moult from the rufous (hepatic) morph to the grey morph and vice versa? Could some of the birds we label as immature/subadult males be actually adult females in transition?

Appreciate opinions from those who have some experience seeing these birds.

References:

  1. Cuckoos of the World, by Johannes Erritzøe, Clive F. Mann, Frederik P. Brammer and Richard A. Fuller. Helm, 2012.
  2. Oriental Bird Images
  3. http://orientalbirdimages.org/search.php?Bird_ID=439&Bird_Image_ID=71072
  4. http://orientalbirdimages.org/search.php?Bird_Image_ID=71071&Bird_ID=439&Bird_Family_ID=&Location=

 

Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Semi-urban part of city

Date: 4th October 2019

Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld

White-bellied Erpornis – spider prey

posted in: birds, Feeding-invertebrates | 0

I frequently observe the White-bellied Erpornis (Erpornis zantholeuca) as a small group, often part of a mixed-species foraging party.

Today, 3rd February 2022, at the Kledang Saiong Forest Reserve, Ipoh, Perak, I saw 4-5 birds foraging with 4 Grey-headed Canary-Flycatcher (Culicicapa ceylonensis) and a number of bulbul species.

Their foraging is ‘acrobatic’, hanging upside down, looking under leaves and exploring closed leaves for invertebrate prey.

One bird I saw today found a spider ‘nest’ and first took the silk egg sac; and then went back to take the spider (possibly a female Wolf spider).

See composite above for feeding activity. The beak was used to open the curled-up leaf. The spider prey was taken to another branch for processing before eating.

 

Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

 

26 Responses

  1. kris

    I just found a young dollarbird in the garden.. It seems to have left the nest too early and cannot fly yet. How am i to keep and feed it for a few days untill it can fly.???

  2. Iwan

    We have a small pond in our garden surrounded by trees and steep bedrock. The other day we saw a heron flying over and attempting to land – I guess to try to eat our small stock of fish. We managed to frighten it away before it landed, and have since installed trip wires around the pond in order to dissuade the bird. The amount of shelter around the pond means that a heron would have to land practically vertically. Does anyone know whether these birds have the agility to hover and land in this way, or do they always need a “glidepath” in order to land successfully?

  3. Khng Eu Meng

    Today, at the former Bidadari Cemetery, there was a buzz about a sighting of a Grey Nightjar (Caprimulgus jotaka). I heard some birders say this nightjar isn’t commonly seen in Singapore. After some hunting, we spotted it asleep on a tree branch, some 15 m above ground. This was rather interesting as my previous encounters with nightjars have been on either terra firma or on low branches.

    Is this perching so high up the tree normal or is it unusual? I have posted a photo of it on my Facebook Timeline: https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10151125012234135&set=a.108191464134.96538.617499134&type=1&theater

  4. Jess

    Bird Sanctuary At Former Bidadari Cementry

    1)Which is the best spot in Bidadari cemetery for bird watch?

    2)Where this bird usually resident at?

    3)What are some of the rare bird species that can be found at Bidadari?

    4)Where is the particular hot spot for the hornbills, eagles, kingfishers and some of the rare migratory bird?

    5)Which part of Bidadari are richest in it wildlife?

    6)Can you name me the 59 migratory bird species found?

  5. YC

    Why not search the website using the word ‘Bidadari’ to obtain the information you need. There should be sufficient info in past postings to satisfy you.

  6. Firdaus Razak

    Hai, I just want to ask did anybody had an experience bring bird from oversea via MasKargo? Did the bird will stress at high altitude?

  7. Chung Wah

    Hi, I am new to bird photography! Could anyone advise a good pair of binoculars to get for this hobby?

  8. Geam Liang

    I ‘acquired’ a female Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot 5 days ago – was in a public place when the bird flew overhead hit the wall and dropped right in front of me dazed. I picked it up, it appeared unhurt but could not sustain it’s flight. I have since constructed a fairly large ‘cage’ for it, about 4ft x 2fx x 2ft and placed it there last night. I temporarily placed her in a normal bird cage until I had completed the build.
    From what I have read up, it’s a fruit, seed and insect feeder and also nectar, flower buds. It’s doing as well as it can on bananas, papaya, jack-fruit (didn’t touch the grape) and seeds (black and white sunflower and other smaller ones). It loves to bathe so I’ve gotten it a tray and from what I read it’s important to keep things clean as it easily succumbs to infection.
    Does anyone else have any useful experience and sharing on it’s upkeep? I suspect this bird is an escapee – as far as I can read up, it’s not common, if at all, found in Georgetown, Penang where I am. I’m also not optimistic that it can survive if I were to set it free – assuming it can sustain it’s flight and not go crashing down and if there were dogs/cats around that would be the end of it.
    I can attach some pictures but not sure how to do this…
    thanks.

  9. Lee Chiu San

    The blue-crowned hanging parrot, even though very closely related to the lovebirds, is a nectar feeder. You would raise it the way you raise a lorikeet – which is a messy process. And because you are mixing batches of food for just one little bird, whereas I used to do it for about half a dozen pigeon-sized lorikeets each morning, I don’t know how you are going to get the portions down to manageable sizes. Anyway, here goes, with my recipe for feeding big lories. You can adjust the proportions down accordingly for your little bird.

    The staple diet would be a couple of slices of soft fruit (papaya, apple, grapes, even though I am surprised that you said the bird would not eat any) and a mixture of cooked rice sweetened with nectar mix.

    How to make nectar mix? Go to a pharmacy and get a can of food for invalids or infants. I use Complan, but I am sure any good baby formula would do. I usually make up enough to fill a beer mug, but there is no way you need that amount for a day’s feeding. If in doubt, make the mixture thinner, not thicker. Birds cannot digest baby formula that is too thick. If it is too thin, they simply have to consume more to get the required amount of energy. Then to this mug, add half a teaspoonful of rose syrup. Also stir in about a cup of cooked rice, well mashed up.

    In the case of your bird, I suggest that you pour this lot into an ice-cube tray, freeze the mixture, and defrost one cube to feed it each day.

    Now, you said that this bird eats sunflower seeds. This is most unusual for a blue-crowned hanging parrot. Are you sure that this is actually the species you have? Could it be possible that you have actually got a pet lovebird that escaped? There are so many different artificially-created breeds of lovebirds in so many colours that you might have been mistaken.

    If you actually have a lovebird, feeding is much simpler. Just go to the nearest pet shop, buy a packet of budgerigar or cockatiel seed of a reputable international brand, and offer it to the bird. You can supplement this with a couple of slices of fruit each day, and that will be all. Plus of course fresh water and a piece of cuttlefish bone to nibble on.

  10. Lee Chiu San

    About nectar feeding birds. I forgot to add that feeding nectar is messy, and it goes rancid very quickly in our tropical weather. Feeding containers have to be removed and thoroughly cleaned at the end of each day. The birds also splatter the mixture and wipe their beaks on perches and the bars of the cage. All my lories and lorikeets used to be housed in outdoor aviaries which were hosed down daily.

    If Geam Liang does not think the bird will survive if released, I really hope that it is a case of mistaken identity, and that you have a lovebird, rather than a blue-crowned hanging parrot. In our part of the world, all available lovebirds are domestically bred, take to captivity readily, and are easy to feed with commercially available seed mixtures. Yes, and being domestic pets, they would not survive if released.

  11. Geam Liang

    Thank you Chiu San for your inputs. Thus far, bananas and papayas work well. I’m not sure why it did not take to grapes – will try again. Am I supposed to peel it? I didn’t the last time, basically skewered a couple of grapes to a satay stick and positioned it as I did for the sliced and skinned papaya and peeled bananas.
    I have yet to try rice and certainly not nectar but will try out your concoction – have half a mind to go to a pet shop to see if they carry nectar for birds. The ice-cube freeze method is a good one, will try that. I might be mistaken on the sunflower seeds… not touched but it did eat the much smaller roundish, mixed colored seeds. Will remove the sunflower seeds.
    I’m sure it’s a female blue crowned hanging parrot.. it sleeps like a bat every night.

  12. Lee Chiu San

    When feeding local birds which are unfamiliar with imported fruits such as grapes, it helps to split the fruits to expose the edible parts. As to your remark that the bird sleeps hanging upside down like a bat, yes, that is the way blue-crowned hanging parrots sleep.

  13. Geam Liang

    Thanks… I need to think like a bird – yup. She has probably not seen a grape much less know that it’s edible, unless the previous owner has fed her with grapes… even then… Today she’s done pretty well making the most of the banana and all of the papaya plus quite a bit of seeds. Will try the baby food + mashed rise + rose syrup.
    Will regular honey do instead of rose syrup?
    Thanks.

  14. Lee Chiu San

    About making nectar to feed birds. Most aviculturalists do not use honey for two reasons: 1. It is expensive and does not seem to give any added benefits. 2. Honey is made by bees, and the composition varies wildly. Some honeys are also known to cause fungal infection in birds.

    If you do not want to buy a huge bottle of rose syrup just for one tiny bird, there are cheaper alternatives. The first is plain table sugar, though most don’t seem to like it very much.

    What many birds will accept quite readily as a sweetener is condensed milk – the type with sugar that coffee shop owners use.

    Many, many birds have a sweet tooth (or should I say sweet beak?) Besides the usual suspects of lories, lorikeets, sunbirds and hummingbirds, for whom it is an essential part of the diet, nectar mixture is readily consumed by mynahs, leafbirds, fairy bluebirds, barbets, doves, parrots of all kinds, and a whole host of other species.

  15. Geam Liang

    I tried the condensed mild, placed in in a small bottle cap.. only the ants showed interest. Am I supposed to dilute it? I didn’t =( I took you advice and refrained from honey. Have yet to find Rose Syrup from the shelves of TESCO… will try to mix the baby food + mashed rise + rose syrup/sugar syrup this week…

  16. David Thackray

    Can anyone help me identify a bird I saw in Singapore last week. Size of a smakll dove or thrush. Dark metallic back. Grey breast with red throat, chest.

  17. Emily Koh

    Lately I bought a bird feeder which I fill with 4parts water n 1 part white sugar. Sunbirds come regularly to drink and they are really lovely to watch. May I know if it is bad for them to feed on this? Previously they would sometimes pierce and drink from my potted flowers

  18. Emily Koh

    Lately I bought a bird feeder which I fill with 4parts water n 1 part white sugar. Sunbirds come regularly to drink and they are really lovely to watch. May I know if it is bad for them to feed on this? Previously they would sometimes pierce and drink from my potted flowers.

  19. Mahadevi Bhuti

    One of best souce for the bird watcher’s enjoying knowledge about ornithology

  20. Martin Nyffeler (PhD)

    Dear Sir / Dear Madame,

    I am a Senior Lecturer in Zoology at a University in Switzerland and I urgently need to get in touch with photographer Chan Yoke Meng, who takes beautiful photographs of birds near Singapore. Would you please mail me the email address of this photographer!

    Thanks,
    Martin

  21. Wee Ming

    Hello Besgroup,

    Trust this email finds you well. We chance upon your photograph on your website and found the amazing image of the Laced Woodpecker and durians. We would like to explore the possibility of getting permission to use them for a new Bird Park in Singapore.

    Spacelogic is a company based in Singapore and we have been contracted by Mandai Park Development to carry out design and build works relating to the exhibition interpretive displays in this new Bird Park.

    Some background of the new Mandai Bird Park project; it will build upon the legacy of the Jurong Bird Park – https://www.wrs.com.sg/en/jurong-bird-park.html by retaining and building upon a world-reference bird collection and creating a place of colour and joy for all visitors. The new Bird Park will have a world-reference ornithological collection displayed in a highly immersive way with large walk-through habitats. To enhance visitors’ experience with storyline and narrative of the bird park, transition spaces are added to display exhibits that provide a varied type of fun, intuitive, interactive and educational experiences for all visitors. One of the habitats features the Laced Woodpecker on a flora panel It is in this flora panel that we are seeking your permission to feature the Laced Woodpecker. We are looking to use the first image on the link here.
    Link can be found here: https://besgroup.org/2012/06/28/laced-woodpecker-and-durians/

    We would like to ask if this is something that we can explore further and if yes, how can we go about with putting through a formal permission request. Thank you so much for considering our request and we look forward to hearing from you.

    Warmest Regards,
    Wee Ming
    SPACElogic Pte Ltd

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