Immature Golden-backed Weaver (Ploceus jacksoni) building nest?

posted in: bird, Golden-backed weaver | 0
Soh Kam Yung wrote on his Facebook page: “A Golden-backed Weaver (Ploceus jacksoni) spotted at Kranji Marshes on 27 March 2022. It pulled a grass thread and tied it to the stem of a plant. The markings indicate it is an immature bird, so I’m not sure if it was really going to build a nest.”On iNaturalist [ ]
Photos 1-4 © Soh Kam Yung.
Photo 1.
Photo 2.
Photo 3.
Photo 4.

Lim Sheau Torng wrote about the different stages of moulting in this weaver species.  Read Morten Strange and Ng Bee Choo wrote about a male Golden-backed weaver building a nest in this post.

This African bird is believed to have arrived in Singapore in 2011 as bird cage escapees. They have established themselves successfully in Kranji Marshes, Neo Tiew Harvest Lane and Lorong Halus.

Grey-breasted Spiderhunter – behaviour

posted in: birds, Feeding-plants, Miscellaneous | 0

Post 1

I was entirely happy with my opinions expressed about the behaviour of the Spectacled Spiderhunter posted earlier as I have no evidence of the immaturity of the bird seen. This type of ‘wing-fluttering-food-begging’ type of behaviour has been observed in a number of spiderhunters (Wells 2007) including the Long-billed Spiderhunter Arachnothera robusta robusta, Spectacled Spiderhunter Arachnothera flavigaster and Yellow-eared Spiderhunter Arachnothera chrysogenys chrysogenys.

Post 2

In the Spectacled Spiderhunter it was once seen in relationship to courtship.

Post 3

At the site I also observed the Grey-breasted Spiderhunter (Arachnothera modesta modesta) engaging in this behaviour (Post 1) towards another of the same species.

Post 4

There are four possible reasons for this behaviour:

  1. Food-begging by a juvenile or immature bird
  2. Aggression towards other birds to protect feeding sources
  3. Mobbing of a presumed threat
  4. Courtship

In the past I have observed the similar behaviour as part of the courtship of Brown-throated Sunbirds Anthreptes malacensis and Olive-backed Sunbirds Cinnyris jugularisLike the Long-billed Spiderhunter, the Grey-breasted Spiderhunter also uses fluttering to gain access to the nectar (Post 2). Note the yellow seen in some Grey-breasted Spiderhunter at the ‘shoulder’ (Post 3).


Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Secondary growth adjacent to limestone outcroppings

Date: 10th December 2020

Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone


Ruddy turnstone, Arenaria interpres, in breeding plumage

posted in: bird, breeding plumage, Ruddy turnstone | 0

Lo Wai Munn had an exhilarating experience photographing the Ruddy turnstone, Arenaria interpres, in April 2022. He wrote about his experience on Facebook and BESGroup is proud to share his account with the wider audience.

“When I heard of the appearance of the Ruddy Turnstone, I wasn’t too keen on them as I had pretty good photographs of them at Marina Barrage a few years back, but when they are in their breeding plumage, I couldn’t give it a miss. 🤭

When we were heading to our hired boat, a birding party had just returned and told us that there was only one left as the rest had flown off. Not a very encouraging news but at least there was hope, there is that one remaining bird. 😊

When our boat neared the rock, as informed, there was only one bird sighted at the edge of the rock. Thank you God, better than nothing, it was still there and we started firing away. However, as the boat drifted over the other end of the rock, what do you know? There were many of them! In all, we counted 11 of them. Yay!! 🥳

I had a very challenging hour photographing these birds not because they were constantly on the move but because the boat was constantly moving and to maintain aim on the bird was difficult. I took almost a thousand shots and 95% of them were not to my acceptable quality. 😅 It was a fun time nonetheless.

Big thank you to Pary for organising and everyone who went on this trip with me.”


Photo 1. This Ruddy Turnstone’s head/face is more brownish. Any idea why anyone?© Lo Wai Munn
Photo 2. A flight shot of the Ruddy Turnstone in Breeding Plumage. © Lo Wai Munn
Photo 3. The bird is well-camouflaged against the patterns on the rock. © Lo Wai Munn


The ruddy turnstone is a small wading bird that is now placed in the sandpiper Scolopacidae family (formerly plover Charadriidae family). The namesake turnstone describes the birds’ habit of turning stones with its bill to expose sand-hoppers, amphipods, small crustaceans or molluscs.  These birds can be found as far north as Southern China and Japan (Ryukyu Islands) and as far south as Tasmania and New Zealand but seldom seen in Singapore. They breed in cold latitudes and the breeding plumage is a surprise to bird photographers.


Copper-throated Sunbird – female

posted in: birds, Courtship-Mating, Feeding, Sex | 0

Post 1.

I had wanted to get better images and observations of the Copper-throated Sunbird (Leptocoma calcostetha) and a bird watching colleague suggested this site (bit of a drive) for better lighting. I was able to find at least 3 pairs and heard more in the undergrowth as I walked the site. I managed to get one pair to accept me slowly over three hours of my presence to allow for better images. Some observations summarised:

Some images of the females; I saw them mainly together with males, except on one occasion alone. The females always remind me of Little Spiderhunters with a grey head and yellow breast. Although the tail is said to be black, in good light it looks more like a dark blue-black (seen in a number of birds, Post 2). The under-tail feathers have large white tips. The yellow on the belly was richer & more pronounced in some birds, perhaps a breeding feature. The head has a ‘mottled’ appearance on close up (Post 3) due to the darker feather bases (Wells 2007).

Post 2.


Much of their feeding is checking tree foliage and bushes for small animal prey, presumably insects. I did not see any spiders take but I did see spider webs on the birds.

Nectar feeding in the mangrove forest is limited to the flowers of the mangrove trees. Wells (2007) had noted nectar feeding on Bruguiera flowers, a small genus of six mangrove species. Wells noted B. gymnorhiza and B. hainesii as identified nectar sources. I can confirm that Bruguiera sexangula (commonly called the Upriver Orange Mangrove, or locally Tumu Putih) is also used as a nectar source. Of these 6 mangrove species, B. gymnorhiza, B. sexangula, B. exaristata, B. hainesii have larger flowers and are considered to be bird-pollinated (B. exaristata is native to New Guinea and northern Australia). These large mangrove flowers have explosive release of pollen, which happens when birds probe the flowers.

Post 3.


I was privileged to observe some courtship activity. Initially when I saw males chasing other males, I assumed it was territorial. But I subsequently saw a female singing out raptly with her body kept rigidly straight, pointed upwards or downwards and flitting from branch to branch. I saw three males in attendance, looking exciting and following her and chasing each other. The impression I got was that she was indicating by song that she is ready to breed and the male were vying for her attention.

More information on calls and songs later.

The mangrove habitat at this and other sites continues to suffer significant destruction from encroaching agricultural activities and logging. These birds are considered locally as near-threatened bordering on vulnerable (Wells 2007).

Post 4.

These four images are of adult females.

Generally the male will look blackish with some shine of the scalp, shoulders and dark blue in the tail (above). The metallic plumage, especially the throat, can only be seen in good light. The iridescent plumage ‘changes’ with posture. The head is said to be metallic green but it can be seen as a metallic blue in some lighting and views (Wells describes it better as blue-shot green). The crown feathers are occasionally lifted up (post 4) when excited. The throat and upper breast are reddish-copper from the front and orange-copper from the side. This is fringed/bordered by metallic violet-blue mixed with purple-pink. There are beautiful yellow-orange pectoral tufts, best seen in flight or when preening. Words are inadequate for this beauty.


Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: Bagan Datuk mangrove, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Trail in forest

Date: 10th September 2020

Equipment: Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone

White Wagtail – adults

posted in: birds, Feeding-invertebrates, Sex | 0

We saw a number of White Wagtails (Motacilla alba lugensin) in Hokkaido. M. a. lugens is also called the Black-backed Wagtail.

Post 1 above and Post 2 below are of adult males in breeding plumage.

Post 3 above is of an adult female.

And post 4 above is an adult male in breeding plumage.

Posts 3 and 4 are of a pair of adults feeding young with prey, largely dipterans.


Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: East Hokkaido, Japan

Date: 4 & 7th June 2019

Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Tamron SP 150-600mm f/5-6.3 Di VC USD, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone

Rufous Piculet – female calls

posted in: birds, Vocalisation | 0

I managed to record some calls of this adult female Rufous Piculet (Sasia abnormis abnormis). There are three ‘types’ of calls or call structures I heard. They sound very much alike and look similar on the sonogram but some are two notes (the commonest), some three notes and occasional a single note. The notes are rendered ‘kip’ or ‘kep’ (see Wells 1999). They are uttered 3-7 seconds apart, usually 5 seconds apart. The sonogram show two records of each type.

A call recording is available here:


Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: Kledang-Sayong Forest Reserve, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Trail along primary jungle

Date: 6th March 2020

Equipment: Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone


Japanese Wagtail

posted in: birds, Miscellaneous | 0

We only saw Japanese Wagtails (Motacilla grandis) twice and in rivers with gravel stones. We were fortunate to observe (from some distance) an adult pair feeding a single juvenile. Both parents were feeding the young.

Post 1 above shows the habitat with a juvenile and adult in the image.

Post 2 above shows an adult with prey for the juvenile.

Post 3 above shows an adult with prey caught for the nearby juvenile from the river (not rocks or banks). The one prey I saw able to determine was an aquatic Plecoptera (Stoneflies) nymph.

Post 4 above is of the juvenile.


Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: East Hokkaido, Japan

Date: 9th June 2019

Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Tamron SP 150-600mm f/5-6.3 Di VC USD, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone

Larva of a Black-spotted Lady Beetle (tribe Coccinellini)

posted in: Arthropod, ladybird beetle | 0

The specimen in this photograph is tentatively identified as the larva of a black-spotted Lady beetle. It looks like a miniature alligator (~ 6mm long) with 3 pairs of legs.  The adults and larvae are much appreciated by farmers as biological control agents of aphids, eggs and larvae of other pest beetles on agricultural crops.  The beetles go through complete metamorphosis, that is, the life-cycle goes through the egg, larva, pupa and adult stages. Read YC Wee’s post on Aphids, ladybird beetles and bottle gourd plant here.

Larva of a Black-spotted Lady Beetle (tribe Coccinellini) spotted at Tampines Eco Green on 3 April 2022. Looks very unlike adult Lady Beetles, but still a voracious hunter.  Photograph by Soh Kam Yung.

1. A love affair with Ladybirds

Update on Birds Observed Feeding on Poikilospermum suaveolens

posted in: birds, Feeding-plants | 0

Poikilospermum suaveolens is a woody hemi-epiphytic liana (woody vine or climber) found in the rainforest of India, southeast China, most of South-East Asia including Malaysia and Singapore. The tiny pink flowers (male 1.5-2 mm long; female 3-7 mm) are presented in globular inflorescences or ‘branched head-like clusters’. The flowers are a favourite source of nectar for many birds, and due to their small size, are usually eaten by birds to get at the nectar they contain (Reference #1).

Chestnut-crested Yuhina

Prior observations have shown the following bird species that feed on the Poikilospermum suaveolens (Reference #2):

  1. Sooty Barbet Caloramphus hayii
  2. Cream-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus simplex
  3. Blue-crowned Hanging-Parrot Loriculus galgulus
  4. Chestnut-capped Laughingthrush Pterorhinus mitratus
  5. Long-tailed Sibia Heterophasia picaoides wrayi (Reference #3)
  6. Blue-winged Leafbird Chloropsis cochinchinensis
  7. Greater Green Leafbird Chloropsis sonnerati
  8. Orange-bellied Flowerpecker Dicaeum trigonostigma
  9. Streaked Spiderhunter Arachnothera magna (Reference #4)
  10. Brown-throated Sunbird Anthreptes malacensis
  11. Crimson Sunbird Aethopyga siparaja
  12. Van Hasselt’s Sunbird Leptocoma brasiliana
  13. Hume’s White-eye Zosterops auriventer tahanensis

Male Lesser Green Leafbird

One report from the Ulu Ulu Resort, Temburong, Brunei, Borneo (Reference #5) offers photographic evidence of a number of Flowerpeckers feeding on Poikilospermum suaveolens including:

  1. Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker Prionochilus xanthopygius
  2. Orange-bellied Flowerpecker Dicaeum trigonostigma
  3. Yellow-vented Flowerpecker Dicaeum chrysorrheum
  4. Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker Prionochilus maculatus
  5. Brown-throated Sunbird Anthreptes malacensis

This report adds another 3 species of birds to the list.

Purple-naped Sunbird

An image search identified the Bohol Sunbird Aethopyga decorosa as another species that uses this nectar source (Reference #6):

The online version of the ‘Biodiversity of Singapore’ (Reference #7) lists the Blue-winged Leafbird Chloropsis cochinchinensis as a species that feeds on Poikilospermum suaveolens, in addition to some birds already mentioned above.

Black-throated Sunbird

Our recent observations (see images) identify the following additional five species as feeding on the flowers to gain access to the nectar:

  1. Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturate waryi– female seen eating flowers at 1,600m ASL, Cameron Highlands, Pahang, Malaysia, 11th April 2015. Amar-Singh HSS.
  2. Purple-naped Spiderhunter Kurochkinegramma hypogrammicum– adults seen eating flowers at Kledang-Saiong Forest Reserve, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia, 8 and 9th August 2019. Amar-Singh HSS.
  3. Plain Sunbird Anthreptes simplex – adults seen eating flowers at Kledang-Saiong Forest Reserve, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia, 8 and 9th August 2019. Amar-Singh HSS. (8)
  4. Chestnut-crested Yuhina Staphida everetti– an adult seen eating flowers at Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia, 3rd March 2022. Lee-Fung Chai.
  5. Lesser Green Leafbird Chloropsis cyanopogon. – an adult male and female seen eating flowers at Ampang, Selangor, Malaysia, 7th and 11th April 2022 (respectively). Lee-Fung Chai.

In summary 22 species of birds have observed feeding on Poikilospermum suaveolens as a nectar source. There is every reason to believe that, with time, more birds will be added to this list.

Plain Sunbird


  1. Amar-Singh HSS (2018). Why do Birds Eat Flowers? Lineated Barbet – new food source. Bird Ecology Study Group.
  2. Wee YC (2017). Plant-Bird Relationship (Version 3.0). Bird Ecology Study Group.
  3. Long-tailed Sibia feeding on the flowers of Poikilospermum suaveolens for the nectar they contain.
  4. Amar-Singh HSS (2020). Diet and Foraging Behaviour of the Streaked Spiderhunter (Arachnothera magna). BirdingASIA 34: 114–120.
  5. Uluulublog (2017). Flowerpeckers & purple pom pom fruit. Ulu Ulu Resort, Temburong, Brunei, Borneo.
  6. Macaulay Library and eBird (2022). Bohol Sunbird Aethopyga decorosa.
  7. Online version of The Biodiversity of Singapore (2022).
  8. Amar-Singh HSS (2019). Video of Plain Sunbird Anthreptes simplexfeeding on flowers of Poikilospermum suaveolens. YouTube.


Amar-Singh HSS & Lee-Fung Chai

Malaysia, April 2022


African Tulip Tree and Spiderhunters

posted in: birds, Miscellaneous | 0

Post 1

I returned to the flowering Spathodea campanulata (African Tulip Tree) where I again saw 4 species of Spiderhunters feeding on nectar, high up:

  1. Long-billed Spiderhunter Arachnothera robusta robusta
  2. Grey-breasted Spiderhunter Arachnothera modesta modesta
  3. Spectacled Spiderhunter Arachnothera flavigaster
  4. Yellow-eared Spiderhunter Arachnothera chrysogenys chrysogenys

Post 2

The Spectacled Spiderhunter was the most aggressive species and often chased away the others from flowers or trees.

Post 3

All the Spiderhunters feed on this exotic tree nectar by dipping their heads into the large flowers (Post 1). However I noticed today that the Spectacled Spiderhunter also uses nectar robbing techniques and pierces the flower base to access nectar (Post 2). This may have to do with perch access or just convenience.

Post 4

Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Secondary growth adjacent to limestone outcroppings

Date: 7th December 2020

Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone

26 Responses

  1. kris

    I just found a young dollarbird in the garden.. It seems to have left the nest too early and cannot fly yet. How am i to keep and feed it for a few days untill it can fly.???

  2. Iwan

    We have a small pond in our garden surrounded by trees and steep bedrock. The other day we saw a heron flying over and attempting to land – I guess to try to eat our small stock of fish. We managed to frighten it away before it landed, and have since installed trip wires around the pond in order to dissuade the bird. The amount of shelter around the pond means that a heron would have to land practically vertically. Does anyone know whether these birds have the agility to hover and land in this way, or do they always need a “glidepath” in order to land successfully?

  3. Khng Eu Meng

    Today, at the former Bidadari Cemetery, there was a buzz about a sighting of a Grey Nightjar (Caprimulgus jotaka). I heard some birders say this nightjar isn’t commonly seen in Singapore. After some hunting, we spotted it asleep on a tree branch, some 15 m above ground. This was rather interesting as my previous encounters with nightjars have been on either terra firma or on low branches.

    Is this perching so high up the tree normal or is it unusual? I have posted a photo of it on my Facebook Timeline:

  4. Jess

    Bird Sanctuary At Former Bidadari Cementry

    1)Which is the best spot in Bidadari cemetery for bird watch?

    2)Where this bird usually resident at?

    3)What are some of the rare bird species that can be found at Bidadari?

    4)Where is the particular hot spot for the hornbills, eagles, kingfishers and some of the rare migratory bird?

    5)Which part of Bidadari are richest in it wildlife?

    6)Can you name me the 59 migratory bird species found?

  5. YC

    Why not search the website using the word ‘Bidadari’ to obtain the information you need. There should be sufficient info in past postings to satisfy you.

  6. Firdaus Razak

    Hai, I just want to ask did anybody had an experience bring bird from oversea via MasKargo? Did the bird will stress at high altitude?

  7. Chung Wah

    Hi, I am new to bird photography! Could anyone advise a good pair of binoculars to get for this hobby?

  8. Geam Liang

    I ‘acquired’ a female Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot 5 days ago – was in a public place when the bird flew overhead hit the wall and dropped right in front of me dazed. I picked it up, it appeared unhurt but could not sustain it’s flight. I have since constructed a fairly large ‘cage’ for it, about 4ft x 2fx x 2ft and placed it there last night. I temporarily placed her in a normal bird cage until I had completed the build.
    From what I have read up, it’s a fruit, seed and insect feeder and also nectar, flower buds. It’s doing as well as it can on bananas, papaya, jack-fruit (didn’t touch the grape) and seeds (black and white sunflower and other smaller ones). It loves to bathe so I’ve gotten it a tray and from what I read it’s important to keep things clean as it easily succumbs to infection.
    Does anyone else have any useful experience and sharing on it’s upkeep? I suspect this bird is an escapee – as far as I can read up, it’s not common, if at all, found in Georgetown, Penang where I am. I’m also not optimistic that it can survive if I were to set it free – assuming it can sustain it’s flight and not go crashing down and if there were dogs/cats around that would be the end of it.
    I can attach some pictures but not sure how to do this…

  9. Lee Chiu San

    The blue-crowned hanging parrot, even though very closely related to the lovebirds, is a nectar feeder. You would raise it the way you raise a lorikeet – which is a messy process. And because you are mixing batches of food for just one little bird, whereas I used to do it for about half a dozen pigeon-sized lorikeets each morning, I don’t know how you are going to get the portions down to manageable sizes. Anyway, here goes, with my recipe for feeding big lories. You can adjust the proportions down accordingly for your little bird.

    The staple diet would be a couple of slices of soft fruit (papaya, apple, grapes, even though I am surprised that you said the bird would not eat any) and a mixture of cooked rice sweetened with nectar mix.

    How to make nectar mix? Go to a pharmacy and get a can of food for invalids or infants. I use Complan, but I am sure any good baby formula would do. I usually make up enough to fill a beer mug, but there is no way you need that amount for a day’s feeding. If in doubt, make the mixture thinner, not thicker. Birds cannot digest baby formula that is too thick. If it is too thin, they simply have to consume more to get the required amount of energy. Then to this mug, add half a teaspoonful of rose syrup. Also stir in about a cup of cooked rice, well mashed up.

    In the case of your bird, I suggest that you pour this lot into an ice-cube tray, freeze the mixture, and defrost one cube to feed it each day.

    Now, you said that this bird eats sunflower seeds. This is most unusual for a blue-crowned hanging parrot. Are you sure that this is actually the species you have? Could it be possible that you have actually got a pet lovebird that escaped? There are so many different artificially-created breeds of lovebirds in so many colours that you might have been mistaken.

    If you actually have a lovebird, feeding is much simpler. Just go to the nearest pet shop, buy a packet of budgerigar or cockatiel seed of a reputable international brand, and offer it to the bird. You can supplement this with a couple of slices of fruit each day, and that will be all. Plus of course fresh water and a piece of cuttlefish bone to nibble on.

  10. Lee Chiu San

    About nectar feeding birds. I forgot to add that feeding nectar is messy, and it goes rancid very quickly in our tropical weather. Feeding containers have to be removed and thoroughly cleaned at the end of each day. The birds also splatter the mixture and wipe their beaks on perches and the bars of the cage. All my lories and lorikeets used to be housed in outdoor aviaries which were hosed down daily.

    If Geam Liang does not think the bird will survive if released, I really hope that it is a case of mistaken identity, and that you have a lovebird, rather than a blue-crowned hanging parrot. In our part of the world, all available lovebirds are domestically bred, take to captivity readily, and are easy to feed with commercially available seed mixtures. Yes, and being domestic pets, they would not survive if released.

  11. Geam Liang

    Thank you Chiu San for your inputs. Thus far, bananas and papayas work well. I’m not sure why it did not take to grapes – will try again. Am I supposed to peel it? I didn’t the last time, basically skewered a couple of grapes to a satay stick and positioned it as I did for the sliced and skinned papaya and peeled bananas.
    I have yet to try rice and certainly not nectar but will try out your concoction – have half a mind to go to a pet shop to see if they carry nectar for birds. The ice-cube freeze method is a good one, will try that. I might be mistaken on the sunflower seeds… not touched but it did eat the much smaller roundish, mixed colored seeds. Will remove the sunflower seeds.
    I’m sure it’s a female blue crowned hanging parrot.. it sleeps like a bat every night.

  12. Lee Chiu San

    When feeding local birds which are unfamiliar with imported fruits such as grapes, it helps to split the fruits to expose the edible parts. As to your remark that the bird sleeps hanging upside down like a bat, yes, that is the way blue-crowned hanging parrots sleep.

  13. Geam Liang

    Thanks… I need to think like a bird – yup. She has probably not seen a grape much less know that it’s edible, unless the previous owner has fed her with grapes… even then… Today she’s done pretty well making the most of the banana and all of the papaya plus quite a bit of seeds. Will try the baby food + mashed rise + rose syrup.
    Will regular honey do instead of rose syrup?

  14. Lee Chiu San

    About making nectar to feed birds. Most aviculturalists do not use honey for two reasons: 1. It is expensive and does not seem to give any added benefits. 2. Honey is made by bees, and the composition varies wildly. Some honeys are also known to cause fungal infection in birds.

    If you do not want to buy a huge bottle of rose syrup just for one tiny bird, there are cheaper alternatives. The first is plain table sugar, though most don’t seem to like it very much.

    What many birds will accept quite readily as a sweetener is condensed milk – the type with sugar that coffee shop owners use.

    Many, many birds have a sweet tooth (or should I say sweet beak?) Besides the usual suspects of lories, lorikeets, sunbirds and hummingbirds, for whom it is an essential part of the diet, nectar mixture is readily consumed by mynahs, leafbirds, fairy bluebirds, barbets, doves, parrots of all kinds, and a whole host of other species.

  15. Geam Liang

    I tried the condensed mild, placed in in a small bottle cap.. only the ants showed interest. Am I supposed to dilute it? I didn’t =( I took you advice and refrained from honey. Have yet to find Rose Syrup from the shelves of TESCO… will try to mix the baby food + mashed rise + rose syrup/sugar syrup this week…

  16. David Thackray

    Can anyone help me identify a bird I saw in Singapore last week. Size of a smakll dove or thrush. Dark metallic back. Grey breast with red throat, chest.

  17. Emily Koh

    Lately I bought a bird feeder which I fill with 4parts water n 1 part white sugar. Sunbirds come regularly to drink and they are really lovely to watch. May I know if it is bad for them to feed on this? Previously they would sometimes pierce and drink from my potted flowers

  18. Emily Koh

    Lately I bought a bird feeder which I fill with 4parts water n 1 part white sugar. Sunbirds come regularly to drink and they are really lovely to watch. May I know if it is bad for them to feed on this? Previously they would sometimes pierce and drink from my potted flowers.

  19. Mahadevi Bhuti

    One of best souce for the bird watcher’s enjoying knowledge about ornithology

  20. Martin Nyffeler (PhD)

    Dear Sir / Dear Madame,

    I am a Senior Lecturer in Zoology at a University in Switzerland and I urgently need to get in touch with photographer Chan Yoke Meng, who takes beautiful photographs of birds near Singapore. Would you please mail me the email address of this photographer!


  21. Wee Ming

    Hello Besgroup,

    Trust this email finds you well. We chance upon your photograph on your website and found the amazing image of the Laced Woodpecker and durians. We would like to explore the possibility of getting permission to use them for a new Bird Park in Singapore.

    Spacelogic is a company based in Singapore and we have been contracted by Mandai Park Development to carry out design and build works relating to the exhibition interpretive displays in this new Bird Park.

    Some background of the new Mandai Bird Park project; it will build upon the legacy of the Jurong Bird Park – by retaining and building upon a world-reference bird collection and creating a place of colour and joy for all visitors. The new Bird Park will have a world-reference ornithological collection displayed in a highly immersive way with large walk-through habitats. To enhance visitors’ experience with storyline and narrative of the bird park, transition spaces are added to display exhibits that provide a varied type of fun, intuitive, interactive and educational experiences for all visitors. One of the habitats features the Laced Woodpecker on a flora panel It is in this flora panel that we are seeking your permission to feature the Laced Woodpecker. We are looking to use the first image on the link here.
    Link can be found here:

    We would like to ask if this is something that we can explore further and if yes, how can we go about with putting through a formal permission request. Thank you so much for considering our request and we look forward to hearing from you.

    Warmest Regards,
    Wee Ming
    SPACElogic Pte Ltd

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