Latham’s Snipe  – courtship display

posted in: birds, Courtship-Mating | 0

Post 1a is a composite of 4 sequential images to show the dive with open tail feathers.

Post 1b is another composite of 4 sequential images to show dive.

Snipe tend to be secretive and quiet while on migrate but they are very visible and vocal at their breeding grounds, especially during courtship. The Latham’s Snipe (Gallinago hardwickii) was easy to spot during our trip in June and we saw a number of courtship flight displays (usually April-June). The presumed males tend to seek a high vantage point, so as to be visible to the females; usually a utility pole (electrical pole, wire) or tree. They call loudly from the vantage point as well when in flight.

Post 2 shows a presumed male on a high tension wire.

I would consider their courtship display flights accompanied by advertising calls one of the wonders of the bird watching world; it has to be seen to be appreciated.

Post 3 shows a presumed male calling from the ground.

The presumed male flies high up (30-40 meters) and circles around, calling out for 35-40 seconds or longer. The terminal end of the display is often a dramatic dive with an accompanying noise made by opening the tail feathers to cause air resistance. The bird may then continue then to call from the vantage point or even from the ground (observed twice). These displays are repeated.

Post 4 shows a sonogram and waveform of the extended and regular calls

Post 4a is another sonogram of other extended calls made at the end of the dive.

They often occur in the early morning or evenings (our observation as well) but are said to also occur at night. The calls made in flight are regular at 2-3 calls per second, from my recordings. Each call last 1-1.5 seconds and is a low frequency sound (described by various authors in different ways). There are also longer calls made at the beginning or end of the display that can last 7-8 seconds.

Call recording here:

Post 5. Bird on post.

Post 6. Another bird on post.


  1. Oh-Jishigi. Latham’s Snipe. Bird Research News 2007, Vol.4 No.10. Japan Bird Research Association (
  2. Latham’s snipe project (
  3. Mark Brazil. Birds of Japan. Helm Field Guides 2018
  4. Van Gils, J., Wiersma, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Latham’s Snipe (Gallinago hardwickii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Post 7. Bird in flight.

Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: Kushiro, East Hokkaidō, Japan

Date: 11th June 2019

Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Tamron SP 150-600mm f/5-6.3 Di VC USD, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone

Purple Swamphen – images

posted in: birds, Miscellaneous | 0

Images of Purple Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio viridis) at different locations and different times:

  1. In flight – at the outskirts of Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia (above).

Habitat: Wetlands

Date: 13th January 2019

  1. Among vegetation (above).

Habitat: Ex-mining pools and fruit farming next to limestone outcroppings.

Date: 8th February 2021

  1. Standing on vegetation (above).

Habitat: Ex-mining pools & fruit farming next to limestone outcroppings

Date: 25th January 2021


Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone


Stejneger’s Stonechat – calls and songs

posted in: birds, Vocalisation | 0

We heard the calls of the Stejneger’s Stonechat (Saxicola stejnegeri) often. As many were nesting, the calls we heard when we approached were alarm calls. But I did manage to record some songs as well.

Post 1.

One recording of the alarm calls by an adult breeding female is here: Post 1 shows the sonogram and waveform. Brazil (2018) describes them well as “a hard, stony, ja, ja, jat or hit, like pebbles knocked together, given in combination with sharp whistle”. Notes are given frequently at 1.8 per second. Usually 2 to 3 notes of the ‘stony’ calls followed by one sharp whistle. You can see this on the sonogram – the vertical bars are the stony calls and the layered note is the whistle.

A video of an adult breeding female making these types of calls is here:

Post 2.

One recording of the song by an adult breeding male is here:

Post 2 shows the sonogram and waveform. Although some describe the song as a ‘formless chatter’, there is a structure to the song. In the sonogram the first two songs are the common type made; you can see how uniform the call structure is. The other songs I heard were very varied and complex (2 examples shown).


Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: East Hokkaido, Japan

Date: 5-11th June 2019

Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Tamron SP 150-600mm f/5-6.3 Di VC USD, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone

Mangrove Blue Flycatcher – song

posted in: birds, Vocalisation | 0

Post 1.

I saw 3 Mangrove Blue Flycatchers (Cyornis rufigastra rufigastra) at this site; one a pair and another time a single adult female. Images show the adult female.

Post 2.

These birds are easily missed in the shadows of the mangrove forest unless heard singing.

Post 3.

I heard both male and female birds sing. Songs have much variation. The basic structure is described by Wells (2007) as ‘dee dah fee po’, but many more complex and longer songs also give and were heard. Songs are usually given 2-5 seconds apart and have a duration of 1.25-1.75 seconds. I also noted a clicking-like noise to show displeasure.

Post 4.

A call recording is here:

A sonogram and wave from in Post 4 of two variations of the song.


Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: Matang Mangrove Forest Reserve, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Mangrove forest

Date: 20th August 2020

Equipment: Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone


White-breasted Waterhen – juvenile to adult

posted in: birds, Morphology-Develop. | 0

I saw a self feeding immature White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus phoenicurus) and decided to look at many images I had taken over time to display changes with age. There are problems with this ‘display’ due to posture, lighting, clarity of images, but I have chosen from many images to try and get what I think is a possible ‘evolution’. The composite in post 1 shows 6 birds in various life-stages (above).

1 is a very young juvenile (chick) with all black plumage except for a small white ear patch and pale vent (in some). The bill and feet are all black.

2 is an older juvenile with white in the neck and breast, rufous-orange at vent and under-tail coverts. The lower mandible is getting lighter and legs are orange-brown.

3 is the oldest juvenile stage where the birds are still with parents. The plumage is more like adults but the upperparts are often brownish with a rufous-orange at vent and under-tail coverts. The lower mandible is lighter and legs are orange-brown.

4 is a self feeding immature bird. The upper parts are grey-black and the neck-breast white is still ‘dirty’ with residual grey-black areas. The bill is ivory and legs a dirty bronze (see Post 2 for a full image of this bird seen 28th December 2020)

5 is a subadult with some residual grey in plumage and less well developed bill colours than the adult.

6 is an adult. The bill is yellow-green with a darker upper mandible with red at the base, and legs are yellow-orange.

I have to consider if the birds in stage 3, of which I have seen and imaged a few, are in some ways different from those in stage 4 i.e. some colour aberration? I do not think so. The only way to be sure would be to follow up the same chick up to adulthood. These past 2-3 months we have seen a White-breasted Waterhen take up residency in our wild urban garden. If it breeds then we may have a first hand opportunity to watch juveniles change into adulthood.

The image above shows a self feeding immature bird and that below a self feeding immature bird.


Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Open fields limestone hills

Date: 28th December 2020

Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone


Grey-headed Lapwing 

posted in: birds, Migration-Migrants | 0

Grey-headed Lapwings (Vanellus cinereus) have shown increased migratory numbers to the peninsular over the past two decades. I saw at least 9 today at this site and all looked like adults, but Hayman et al. (1986) state that juveniles are “difficult to differentiate in the field after November”.

Post 1.

The close-up in Post 2 shows the bare parts in the face. The iris is described as red but note that there is an inner lighter yellow-red rim. I had not noticed before that the small loral wattle is connected to the yellow eyelid rim; possibly this is usually hidden by feathers.

Post 2.

The bird in Post 1 and 2 appears to be still in breeding plumage.

Post 3.

Post 3 and 4 showing preening and ruffled feathers of another bird.

Post 4.


  1. Don Taylor, Stephen Message (2005). Waders of Europe, Asia and North America. Helm.
  2. Hayman, Marchant, Prater (1986). Shorebirds: an identification guide to the waders of the world. Christopher Helm, London.
  3. Wells, D.R. (1999) The birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 1 (Non-Passerines). Christopher Helm, London


Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: Malim Nawar, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Ex-mining pools, fish farming, extensive wetlands

Date: 7th January 2021

Equipment: Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone

Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher  – song and calls

posted in: birds, Vocalisation | 0

I spent part of the morning listening to Tickell’s Blue Flycatchers (Cyornis tickelliae sumatrensis, now known as Cyornis sumatrensis,) sing and call out. There were at least 3 birds (perhaps 3) with 2 separate adult males and one female. I made a number of recordings.

Post 1.

The classical song comprises a “sweet song of 4-7 tinkling, metallic notes” (Wells 2007). It is highly variable and I think used as territorial marker. Post 1 shows the sonogram and waveform of such calls. The call recording can be found here: that there are 2 birds calling (2 sets of calls). The lower volumes ones were of a bird further away and the higher volume were the answering calls of the bird nearer to me. Here the notes appeared fixed (there were 8 calls and 8 responses in 50 seconds) but I have recorded other sonograms with varying song structure.

Post 2.

The other types of call are a churring ‘trrt-trrt’ and an individual ‘tak’ (Wells 2007). These can be seen in the sonogram and waveform in Post 2. The call recording can be found here (interspersed with other call types):

Post 3.

A fourth type of call, made infrequently, is a sharp whistle like call. The sonogram and waveform of such calls is in Post 3. The call recording can be found here (interspersed with other call types):

Post 4.

Post 4 shows one of the males.


Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: Kledang-Sayong Forest Reserve, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Broken trail in primary jungle

Date: 20th December 2019

Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone


Taiwan Wren Babbler (Taiwan Cupwing) 

posted in: barn owl, Vocalisation | 0

Post 1.

The Taiwan Wren Babbler (Taiwan Cupwing) (Pnoepyga formosana), endemic of high montane forest, is a tiny, fast moving bird, usually in the dark undergrowth; making for challenging observations. Very much like the Malaysian Pygmy Wren-babbler (Pnoepyga pusilla). Handbook of the Birds of the World (2019) describes both a dark and a pale morph (Post 1-3 would be a pale morph) but I am not able to find similar descriptions in other references.

Post 2.

I managed to record the song and an edited recording is here:

Post 3.

Brazil (2009) rightly describes the song has having a first note separated from the rest – this is heard well when you record and play back the song but can be missed in the field. The song comprises 6 notes. The first note that starts off the song is not well seen on the sonogram but clear on the waveform (Post 4). It is followed by a rapid sequence of 5 notes that have both a high frequency and low frequency sound (quite complex). The song last approximately 1 to 1.2 second (but I measured a number of them; Handbook of the Birds of the World says 1.5 seconds). The song is repeated 6-26 seconds apart (spacing 13, 18, 26, 13, 10, 9, 6, 9 seconds on record).

Post 4.

Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: Daxueshan National Forest Recreation Area, Taichung City County, Taiwan

Habitat: 1,750-2,500 meter ASL, forested region

Date: 15 & 17th January 2019

Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Tamron SP 150-600mm f/5-6.3 Di VC USD, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone

Purple Swamphen – intraspecific agonistic behaviour

posted in: birds, Courtship-Mating | 0

Post 1.

Intraspecific agonistic (conflict/combative) behaviour is common in Purple Swamphens (Porphyrio porphyrio viridis). (2020) states “In the purple swamphen, the position of the tail and wings is important in agonistic display, while differing body postures indicate aggression or anxiety”. Wells (1999) states “Persistent pumping of the tail flirts the lower tail-coverts as a social signal”.

Post 2.

I have observed intraspecific agonistic behaviour previously on a number of occasions and reported it once (Amar 2010). I saw it extensively again yesterday. In trying to make sense of it, I would like to quote Craig (1977) who aptly says “The problem of subjective description further arises from fitting observed behaviours into previously named displays”. I have reached a better idea of what some of this behaviour means and hope to describe some here. John L. Craig has done extensive work on understanding the behaviour of the Purple Swamphens in New Zealand (Porphyrio porphyrio melanotus). While the subspecies is different, his work lends many insights into the species. I may not agree with all of his observations (and I am watching a different subspecies) but they are superbly described and illustrated; a must read.

Post 3.

Purple Swamphens are known to have a variety of mating systems, ranging from monogamous mating to communal mating. Thai National Parks (2020) states “In the western parts of the range the pattern of social behaviour tends to be monogamy, but cooperative breeding groups are more common in the eastern parts of the range. These groups may consist of multiple females and males sharing a nest or a male female pair with helpers drawn from previous clutches.” Dakota (2009) notes that “Groups usually have a stable membership, but some groups which are formed early in the breeding season and which have too many males may change membership. The members of the groups arrange themselves into a dominance hierarchy using sex and age as factors to determine each other’s place. When juveniles grow up in a communal breeding setting, they will remain in their natal territories after maturity.

Post 4.

I watched intraspecific agonistic behaviour, with 7 birds involved, continually over 15 minutes. 2 of these birds were immature. The location where it happened has many, very large ex-mining pools serving as a wetland habitat. The one I was watching was 200 by 200 meters across, with extensive Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) cover. I was sufficiently far away so that their behaviour could be observed undisturbed. The density and mobility of the Water Hyacinth raft meant that bird could sink lower into the vegetation and some behaviour was harder to observe. In the past I was unsure if this was courting behaviour, territorial breeding behaviour or territorial feeding behaviour (Amar 2010). My current opinion is that the behaviour I observed is related to breeding. I am of the opinion that this type of intraspecific agonistic behaviour is related to developing a hierarchical structure within a ‘group membership’.

Post 5.

The behaviour began with a ‘call to arms’ – a long drawn out call by one adult and a ‘fly-in’ by that adult into a group of 4 other birds. Two other birds then flew in to join the altercation. The intraspecific agonistic behaviour is best described as a ‘melee’, a free-for-all tussle and fight. The behaviour observed (using some terminology by Craig 1977) included sparring with feet, pecking and pulling of feather with beaks (Post 4), birds jumping up (launching) with feet ready for clawing (Post 6), wings exaggerated up (Post 5), head down with wings up and white lower tail-coverts flirted posture (Post 2), wings expanded hunch display (Post 3), extensive circular chasing/pursuing. Occasionally some loud calls were made during the fight.

Post 6.

Once it was completed to their satisfaction, birds settled down together in the same location to preen but I noticed that two adults pulled aside and did a “head flick, wings exaggerated up, tail fully up” posture (Craig 1977) (Post 1). This spoke to me of courtship. These two birds then flew off together.

Post 7.

I said earlier that this conflict behaviour appeared to me to be related to breeding, the development of a hierarchical structure within a social group. The reasons I think so are:

  1. No attempt to chase any bird away from the location
  2. Immature birds were involved
  3. The post conflict behaviour of the group
  4. The behaviour of two adults after the altercation


  1. (2020). Rails, Coots, and Moorhens (Rallidae). Available here:
  2. Wells, D.R. (1999) The birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 1 (Non-Passarines). Christopher Helm, London.
  3. Amar-Singh HSS. (2010) Purple Swamphen: Social behaviour and calls. Bird Ecology Study Group. Available here:
  4. John L. Craig (1977) The behaviour of the pukeko, Porphyrio porphyrio melanotus, New Zealand Journal of Zoology, 4:4, 413-433. Available here:
  5. Thai National Parks. (2020) Purple Swamphen. Available here:
  6. Dakota, A. (2009) “Porphyrio porphyrio” (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Available here:  at


Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: Outskirts of Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Wetlands

Date: 13th January 2019

Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld


Puff-throated Babbler – calls

posted in: birds, Vocalisation | 0

Post 1.

The Puff-throated Babbler (Pellorneum ruficeps acrum) is more heard than seen. I listened to one for more than 1.5 hours but had only occasional, fleeting glimpses (Post 1). P. r. acrum is a ‘richer’ coloured subspecies. Listening to calls from different regions, there appears to be some variation. Wells (2007) describe the local calls as ‘pri-tee deer’. They are loud calls, given 3-4 seconds part, for long periods. A sonogram and waveform in Post 2 and a call recording here:

Post 2.

There is a Fluffy-backed Tit-Babbler (Macronus ptilosus) calling in the background


Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Broken primary forest with secondary growth

Date: 15th October 2020

Equipment: Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone

26 Responses

  1. kris

    I just found a young dollarbird in the garden.. It seems to have left the nest too early and cannot fly yet. How am i to keep and feed it for a few days untill it can fly.???

  2. Iwan

    We have a small pond in our garden surrounded by trees and steep bedrock. The other day we saw a heron flying over and attempting to land – I guess to try to eat our small stock of fish. We managed to frighten it away before it landed, and have since installed trip wires around the pond in order to dissuade the bird. The amount of shelter around the pond means that a heron would have to land practically vertically. Does anyone know whether these birds have the agility to hover and land in this way, or do they always need a “glidepath” in order to land successfully?

  3. Khng Eu Meng

    Today, at the former Bidadari Cemetery, there was a buzz about a sighting of a Grey Nightjar (Caprimulgus jotaka). I heard some birders say this nightjar isn’t commonly seen in Singapore. After some hunting, we spotted it asleep on a tree branch, some 15 m above ground. This was rather interesting as my previous encounters with nightjars have been on either terra firma or on low branches.

    Is this perching so high up the tree normal or is it unusual? I have posted a photo of it on my Facebook Timeline:

  4. Jess

    Bird Sanctuary At Former Bidadari Cementry

    1)Which is the best spot in Bidadari cemetery for bird watch?

    2)Where this bird usually resident at?

    3)What are some of the rare bird species that can be found at Bidadari?

    4)Where is the particular hot spot for the hornbills, eagles, kingfishers and some of the rare migratory bird?

    5)Which part of Bidadari are richest in it wildlife?

    6)Can you name me the 59 migratory bird species found?

  5. YC

    Why not search the website using the word ‘Bidadari’ to obtain the information you need. There should be sufficient info in past postings to satisfy you.

  6. Firdaus Razak

    Hai, I just want to ask did anybody had an experience bring bird from oversea via MasKargo? Did the bird will stress at high altitude?

  7. Chung Wah

    Hi, I am new to bird photography! Could anyone advise a good pair of binoculars to get for this hobby?

  8. Geam Liang

    I ‘acquired’ a female Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot 5 days ago – was in a public place when the bird flew overhead hit the wall and dropped right in front of me dazed. I picked it up, it appeared unhurt but could not sustain it’s flight. I have since constructed a fairly large ‘cage’ for it, about 4ft x 2fx x 2ft and placed it there last night. I temporarily placed her in a normal bird cage until I had completed the build.
    From what I have read up, it’s a fruit, seed and insect feeder and also nectar, flower buds. It’s doing as well as it can on bananas, papaya, jack-fruit (didn’t touch the grape) and seeds (black and white sunflower and other smaller ones). It loves to bathe so I’ve gotten it a tray and from what I read it’s important to keep things clean as it easily succumbs to infection.
    Does anyone else have any useful experience and sharing on it’s upkeep? I suspect this bird is an escapee – as far as I can read up, it’s not common, if at all, found in Georgetown, Penang where I am. I’m also not optimistic that it can survive if I were to set it free – assuming it can sustain it’s flight and not go crashing down and if there were dogs/cats around that would be the end of it.
    I can attach some pictures but not sure how to do this…

  9. Lee Chiu San

    The blue-crowned hanging parrot, even though very closely related to the lovebirds, is a nectar feeder. You would raise it the way you raise a lorikeet – which is a messy process. And because you are mixing batches of food for just one little bird, whereas I used to do it for about half a dozen pigeon-sized lorikeets each morning, I don’t know how you are going to get the portions down to manageable sizes. Anyway, here goes, with my recipe for feeding big lories. You can adjust the proportions down accordingly for your little bird.

    The staple diet would be a couple of slices of soft fruit (papaya, apple, grapes, even though I am surprised that you said the bird would not eat any) and a mixture of cooked rice sweetened with nectar mix.

    How to make nectar mix? Go to a pharmacy and get a can of food for invalids or infants. I use Complan, but I am sure any good baby formula would do. I usually make up enough to fill a beer mug, but there is no way you need that amount for a day’s feeding. If in doubt, make the mixture thinner, not thicker. Birds cannot digest baby formula that is too thick. If it is too thin, they simply have to consume more to get the required amount of energy. Then to this mug, add half a teaspoonful of rose syrup. Also stir in about a cup of cooked rice, well mashed up.

    In the case of your bird, I suggest that you pour this lot into an ice-cube tray, freeze the mixture, and defrost one cube to feed it each day.

    Now, you said that this bird eats sunflower seeds. This is most unusual for a blue-crowned hanging parrot. Are you sure that this is actually the species you have? Could it be possible that you have actually got a pet lovebird that escaped? There are so many different artificially-created breeds of lovebirds in so many colours that you might have been mistaken.

    If you actually have a lovebird, feeding is much simpler. Just go to the nearest pet shop, buy a packet of budgerigar or cockatiel seed of a reputable international brand, and offer it to the bird. You can supplement this with a couple of slices of fruit each day, and that will be all. Plus of course fresh water and a piece of cuttlefish bone to nibble on.

  10. Lee Chiu San

    About nectar feeding birds. I forgot to add that feeding nectar is messy, and it goes rancid very quickly in our tropical weather. Feeding containers have to be removed and thoroughly cleaned at the end of each day. The birds also splatter the mixture and wipe their beaks on perches and the bars of the cage. All my lories and lorikeets used to be housed in outdoor aviaries which were hosed down daily.

    If Geam Liang does not think the bird will survive if released, I really hope that it is a case of mistaken identity, and that you have a lovebird, rather than a blue-crowned hanging parrot. In our part of the world, all available lovebirds are domestically bred, take to captivity readily, and are easy to feed with commercially available seed mixtures. Yes, and being domestic pets, they would not survive if released.

  11. Geam Liang

    Thank you Chiu San for your inputs. Thus far, bananas and papayas work well. I’m not sure why it did not take to grapes – will try again. Am I supposed to peel it? I didn’t the last time, basically skewered a couple of grapes to a satay stick and positioned it as I did for the sliced and skinned papaya and peeled bananas.
    I have yet to try rice and certainly not nectar but will try out your concoction – have half a mind to go to a pet shop to see if they carry nectar for birds. The ice-cube freeze method is a good one, will try that. I might be mistaken on the sunflower seeds… not touched but it did eat the much smaller roundish, mixed colored seeds. Will remove the sunflower seeds.
    I’m sure it’s a female blue crowned hanging parrot.. it sleeps like a bat every night.

  12. Lee Chiu San

    When feeding local birds which are unfamiliar with imported fruits such as grapes, it helps to split the fruits to expose the edible parts. As to your remark that the bird sleeps hanging upside down like a bat, yes, that is the way blue-crowned hanging parrots sleep.

  13. Geam Liang

    Thanks… I need to think like a bird – yup. She has probably not seen a grape much less know that it’s edible, unless the previous owner has fed her with grapes… even then… Today she’s done pretty well making the most of the banana and all of the papaya plus quite a bit of seeds. Will try the baby food + mashed rise + rose syrup.
    Will regular honey do instead of rose syrup?

  14. Lee Chiu San

    About making nectar to feed birds. Most aviculturalists do not use honey for two reasons: 1. It is expensive and does not seem to give any added benefits. 2. Honey is made by bees, and the composition varies wildly. Some honeys are also known to cause fungal infection in birds.

    If you do not want to buy a huge bottle of rose syrup just for one tiny bird, there are cheaper alternatives. The first is plain table sugar, though most don’t seem to like it very much.

    What many birds will accept quite readily as a sweetener is condensed milk – the type with sugar that coffee shop owners use.

    Many, many birds have a sweet tooth (or should I say sweet beak?) Besides the usual suspects of lories, lorikeets, sunbirds and hummingbirds, for whom it is an essential part of the diet, nectar mixture is readily consumed by mynahs, leafbirds, fairy bluebirds, barbets, doves, parrots of all kinds, and a whole host of other species.

  15. Geam Liang

    I tried the condensed mild, placed in in a small bottle cap.. only the ants showed interest. Am I supposed to dilute it? I didn’t =( I took you advice and refrained from honey. Have yet to find Rose Syrup from the shelves of TESCO… will try to mix the baby food + mashed rise + rose syrup/sugar syrup this week…

  16. David Thackray

    Can anyone help me identify a bird I saw in Singapore last week. Size of a smakll dove or thrush. Dark metallic back. Grey breast with red throat, chest.

  17. Emily Koh

    Lately I bought a bird feeder which I fill with 4parts water n 1 part white sugar. Sunbirds come regularly to drink and they are really lovely to watch. May I know if it is bad for them to feed on this? Previously they would sometimes pierce and drink from my potted flowers

  18. Emily Koh

    Lately I bought a bird feeder which I fill with 4parts water n 1 part white sugar. Sunbirds come regularly to drink and they are really lovely to watch. May I know if it is bad for them to feed on this? Previously they would sometimes pierce and drink from my potted flowers.

  19. Mahadevi Bhuti

    One of best souce for the bird watcher’s enjoying knowledge about ornithology

  20. Martin Nyffeler (PhD)

    Dear Sir / Dear Madame,

    I am a Senior Lecturer in Zoology at a University in Switzerland and I urgently need to get in touch with photographer Chan Yoke Meng, who takes beautiful photographs of birds near Singapore. Would you please mail me the email address of this photographer!


  21. Wee Ming

    Hello Besgroup,

    Trust this email finds you well. We chance upon your photograph on your website and found the amazing image of the Laced Woodpecker and durians. We would like to explore the possibility of getting permission to use them for a new Bird Park in Singapore.

    Spacelogic is a company based in Singapore and we have been contracted by Mandai Park Development to carry out design and build works relating to the exhibition interpretive displays in this new Bird Park.

    Some background of the new Mandai Bird Park project; it will build upon the legacy of the Jurong Bird Park – by retaining and building upon a world-reference bird collection and creating a place of colour and joy for all visitors. The new Bird Park will have a world-reference ornithological collection displayed in a highly immersive way with large walk-through habitats. To enhance visitors’ experience with storyline and narrative of the bird park, transition spaces are added to display exhibits that provide a varied type of fun, intuitive, interactive and educational experiences for all visitors. One of the habitats features the Laced Woodpecker on a flora panel It is in this flora panel that we are seeking your permission to feature the Laced Woodpecker. We are looking to use the first image on the link here.
    Link can be found here:

    We would like to ask if this is something that we can explore further and if yes, how can we go about with putting through a formal permission request. Thank you so much for considering our request and we look forward to hearing from you.

    Warmest Regards,
    Wee Ming
    SPACElogic Pte Ltd

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