LKCNHM events in conjunction with Singapore HeritageFest 2022 EDM


Greetings from the Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum!

This Singapore HeritageFest 2022, the LKCNHM has a range of activities lined up for you, ranging from guided tours @ LKCNHM, a nature walk round what was once a battleground, to a fun and hands-on workshop and a hybrid seminar/webinar which will discuss the importance of our natural heritage and our roles in safeguarding it. For more information, do visit our website.

Volunteer-led Heritage Tours @ LKCNHM 17-20 & 24-27 May | 2:30 – 3:30 PM Purchase LKCNHM gallery admission tickets here


Kent Ridge Nature Walk 17 May | 5 – 7 PM Purchase tickets to LKCNHM Kent Ridge Nature Walk here


Documenting Nature Workshop 21 & 28 May | 10 AM – 1 PM Purchase tickets to LKCNHM Documenting Nature Workshop here


‘Singapore’s Natural Heritage: Are we doing enough to Safeguard its Future?’ 20 May | 7 – 8:30 PM Hybrid Seminar/ Webinar Register for the online session here

Thank you.


Best regards,

LKCNHM Outreach and Education Unit

Oriental Magpie Robin – odd song

posted in: birds, Vocalisation | 0

The songs and calls of the Oriental Magpie Robin (Copsychus saularis musicus) are varied and wide. Over the years I have tried to understand their meaning as I watch them in our garden. Occasion we get ‘unusual’ birds that sing for long periods in the early hours before dawn.

The songster.

On this occasion we heard a beautiful adult male sing an unusual set of mixed notes. I would not have thought it was Magpie Robin except that we came out to check and spotted it on an electricity pole. The total duration of singing was ~20 minutes but not all was visible (was hidden in tree foliage). I managed some quick hand-held videos followed by only audio recordings. My wife saw another bird Oriental Magpie Robin nearby but I did not hear any duet or response song.

The songster.

I was slow to recognise that we were having a visit by 9-10 Ashy Minivets (Pericrocotus divaricatus) – an occasional garden visitor. Magpie Robins are known to mimic other birds nearby. I suspect that this male Oriental Magpie Robin was ‘triggered’ to sing this unusual set of notes in an attempt to mimic the song of the Ashy Minivets.

A waveform and sonogram.

Video recording here:

Audio recording here: (possibly restricted by XenoCanto)


Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Wild urban garden

Date: 9th February 2021

Equipment: Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone

The Siberian Blue Robin – migrant

posted in: birds, Migration-Migrants | 0

Post 1.

The Siberian Blue Robin (Larvivora cyane) is a delightful small migrant that forages on leaf litter at the forest floor making images tough (I dislike using flash for birds).

Post 2.

Very beautiful blue male and the mantel can look almost black in low light (see Post 4).

Post 3.

Runs about on the forest floor with short bursts of flight; very fast. Likes to ‘flutter’ or vibrate the tail very fast when walking or stationary.

Post 4.

Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: Taiping, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Primary jungle at foothills

Date: 14th February 2020

Equipment: Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone

Caterpillar-ant symbiosis

Photo 1. Two weaver ants stroke and collect nectar from a Centaur Oakblue 4th instar caterpillar. The long fine lateral setae on the caterpillar are discernible. Attribute to Soh Kam Yung.


Photo 2. The weaver ant at the bottom of the picture is collecting nectar from the nectary gland on the 7th segment of the Arhopala centaurus caterpillar. The dorsal surface of the caterpillar is brownish-red while the sides and undersides are yellowish – green. Attribute to Soh Kam Yung.


Photo 3. A different visual perspective of the two weaver ants milking the caterpillar for nectar. The spiracles are seen as little black dots on the side of the caterpillar.  Attribute to Soh Kam Yung.


Soh Kam Yung spotted at least two Centaur Oakblue (Arhopala centaurus) caterpillars being attended by weaver ants(Oecophylla smaragdina) at Coney Island on 2 May 2022. Interesting to see this kind of symbiotic interactions between ants and caterpillars. The caterpillars provide nectar for the ants, who then protect the caterpillars in return.

Slaty-backed Forktail Nesting

posted in: birds, Nesting | 0

I observed a Slaty-backed Forktail (Enicurus schistaceus) nesting in Cameron Highlands on 25th April 2022 at a jungle stream collecting nesting material. The bird was comfortable enough to allow me to watch.

Most nesting material I saw was leaf skeletons, picked up in the vicinity of the nesting site. Only a single bird was involved in collecting nesting material. The nest location was immediately adjacent to the stream next to a fallen tree trunk.

Dato’ Dr Amar-Singh HSS

Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia


Pacific Swallow – calls

posted in: birds, Vocalisation | 0

I was watching a pair of Pacific Swallows (Hirundo tahitica javanica) that I know fairly well. They were hawking insects, using a stationary ceiling fan as a vantage position, and calling out intermittently. Most calls were soft ‘wep’ or ‘kwek’ (Wells 2007) that needed a good mike to pick up. I decided to try a closer approach for images and one bird gave out a ‘steam-whistle’ call (Wells 2007) and they flew off. This call appeared to be a warning call. I tested this when they returned shortly and played it back; they immediately flew off. Wells says this ‘steam-whistle’ call is used to signal the presence of a predator near nest. A recording of calls is found here:

The first few calls are contact calls (soft ‘wep’ or ‘kwek’ (above) and the recording ends with a ‘steam-whistle’ call (below).

Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Urban environment

Date: 23rd January 2020

Equipment: Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone

Lace monitor, Varanus varius

posted in: Amphibians-Reptiles, Lace monitor | 0

Family: Varanidae

The lace monitor, Varanus varius, is native to Australia and found in Queensland, down to New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia. Their closest relative is the Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis of Indonesia).  They are also known as tree goanna or lacy. These lizards can reach 2 m in length. They are solitary, diurnal creatures and are active from September to May.

Their diet comprises insects, small mammals, birds, eggs, reptiles, snakes and carrions. They can be found in hollow logs, in tree branches or under logs. Like snakes, they flick their forked tongues to taste the air while hunting. These lizards congregate around picnic sites, camp sites and rubbish tips to scavenge.  Chicken coops in farms are also their favourite targets. They are apex predators and only fall prey to crocodiles or dingoes. Australian aboriginal peoples catch monitors which descend from trees to prepare traditional foods. Ground lizards are avoided as the meat may taste unpleasant after feeding on carrions.

Females lay their eggs in termite mounds and return to the site to release the new hatchlings by digging the termite mounds with  sharp claws.

John Fowler’s post  on this monitor lizard is very informative and illuminating to readers.

Wong Kais encountered a lacy monitor in Healesville Sanctuary on 29 October 2015.

Photo 1 by Wong Kais. The beautiful yellowish spots that form bands against a dark grey background. Note the sharp claws. Healesville Sanctuary 29 October 2015


Photo 2 by Wong Kais. The lacy monitor scrambling off the path. The limbs are held out sideways and the body is lifted off the ground. Healesville Sanctuary 29 October 2015.


Photo 3 by Wong Kais. 29 October 2015. A lacy scuttlling towards a hollow under a plank. Healesville Sanctuary.


Photo 4 by Wong Kais. The truck driver stopped his truck and waited patiently for the lacy to cross the path safely. Healesville Sanctuary. 29 October 2015.


Video 1 by Wong Kais. Healesville Sanctuary 29 October 2015.


In Singapore, Varanus salvator, the Asian Water Monitor Lizard, is quite similar to the Varanus varius in many ways.  View the two videos below to look for similarities and differences between the two species of varanids.

Video 2 by Wong Kais. Jurong Lake Gardens, Singapore. 4 February 2022.

Video 3 by Wong Kais. Jurong Lake Gardens, Singapore. 4 February 2022.

The Varanus salvator, a monitor lizard found in Singapore has been documented feeding on a macaque and on a red-eared slider



  1. Wildlife of Australia by Iain Campbell and Sam Woods © 2013
  2. Australian Wildlife by Leonard Cronin © 2007


Article by Teo Lee Wei

Stripe-throated Bulbul at various locations

posted in: birds, Miscellaneous | 0

#1 Stripe-throated Bulbul Stripe-throated Bulbul (Pycnonotus finlaysoni finlaysoni) – above.

Location: Taiping, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: 500-600 meter ASL, primary jungle

Date: 18th February 2019

#2 Stripe-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus finlaysoni finlaysoni – above.

Location: Taiping, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: 500-600 meter ASL, primary jungle

Date: 18th February 2019

#3 Stripe-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus finlaysoni finlaysoni – above.

Location: Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Limestone outcroppings at outskirts of the city with secondary growthAmar

Date: 4th October 2018

#4 A family group of 3 Stripe-throated Bulbul feeding on Lantana camara (Big-Sage or Wild-Sage) fruit. A common plant for many birds to feed on.  Oriental Magpie Robin (Copsychus saularis musicus) were also there feeding at the same time. One of the birds is in tail-moult. One other bird some moulting in the face.


Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Tamron SP 150-600mm f/5-6.3 Di VC USD, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone


Pheasant-tailed Jacana – feeding behaviour

posted in: birds, Feeding strategy | 0

Post 1.

Some colleagues mentioned a group of Pheasant-tailed Jacana (Hydrophasianus chirurgus) at a wetlands site (at least 5 birds present) and I visited to observe feeding behaviour. One common feeding method is to swim in open water and pick prey from the water surface, especially from floating vegetation; what is actually taken is uncertain.

Post 2.

Most sources say their diet consists of insects, molluscs, other invertebrates. I observed them for a 1.5 hours and saw (with video) many such feeding episodes but all I could see taken (even with video grab images) was plant material – the opinion is that aquatic vegetation is ingested accidentally/incidentally while feeding on animal prey (see HBW 2020).

Post 3.

It is possible that they feed on a large number of small insects and invertebrates on the water surface. I saw some competitive feeding between the birds (defending their stretch of water) but this was not common; they could also feed communally. Post 2 and 3 show some feeding activity. A video of feeding behaviour is here:

Jenni, D.A. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Pheasant-tailed Jacana (Hydrophasianus chirurgus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.


Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: Wetlands, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Extensive ex-tin mining area with pond/lakes, wetlands

Date: 17th February 2020

Equipment: Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone


Otters enjoy facilities at Reflections at Keppel Bay Condominium

posted in: otters | 0

The video below by CL Ching was taken on 7 April 2022 at Reflections Condominium at Keppel Bay, Singapore.

The video captured the moment when a group of five smooth-coated otters, Lutrogale perspicillata, frollicked in the swimming pool and got curious about the swimming goggles and foam float. The otters were not afraid of the humans chatting by the side of the pool.


Read this advisory by Nparks which educates the public on otter encounters.

This post by Washington Post describes the comeback of the critically endangered otters in Singapore.

The following post about a  family of otters inflicting injury on a monitor lizard showcases the swift and cooperative response of these wild animals  

Read this post that conveys the mood and attitude of the public towards the otters’ presence in unexpected places.   relates the disappearance and then the successful re-establishment of the otters in Singapore.


BESGroup thanks CL Ching for her generosity in sharing her video with our readers.

26 Responses

  1. kris

    I just found a young dollarbird in the garden.. It seems to have left the nest too early and cannot fly yet. How am i to keep and feed it for a few days untill it can fly.???

  2. Iwan

    We have a small pond in our garden surrounded by trees and steep bedrock. The other day we saw a heron flying over and attempting to land – I guess to try to eat our small stock of fish. We managed to frighten it away before it landed, and have since installed trip wires around the pond in order to dissuade the bird. The amount of shelter around the pond means that a heron would have to land practically vertically. Does anyone know whether these birds have the agility to hover and land in this way, or do they always need a “glidepath” in order to land successfully?

  3. Khng Eu Meng

    Today, at the former Bidadari Cemetery, there was a buzz about a sighting of a Grey Nightjar (Caprimulgus jotaka). I heard some birders say this nightjar isn’t commonly seen in Singapore. After some hunting, we spotted it asleep on a tree branch, some 15 m above ground. This was rather interesting as my previous encounters with nightjars have been on either terra firma or on low branches.

    Is this perching so high up the tree normal or is it unusual? I have posted a photo of it on my Facebook Timeline:

  4. Jess

    Bird Sanctuary At Former Bidadari Cementry

    1)Which is the best spot in Bidadari cemetery for bird watch?

    2)Where this bird usually resident at?

    3)What are some of the rare bird species that can be found at Bidadari?

    4)Where is the particular hot spot for the hornbills, eagles, kingfishers and some of the rare migratory bird?

    5)Which part of Bidadari are richest in it wildlife?

    6)Can you name me the 59 migratory bird species found?

  5. YC

    Why not search the website using the word ‘Bidadari’ to obtain the information you need. There should be sufficient info in past postings to satisfy you.

  6. Firdaus Razak

    Hai, I just want to ask did anybody had an experience bring bird from oversea via MasKargo? Did the bird will stress at high altitude?

  7. Chung Wah

    Hi, I am new to bird photography! Could anyone advise a good pair of binoculars to get for this hobby?

  8. Geam Liang

    I ‘acquired’ a female Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot 5 days ago – was in a public place when the bird flew overhead hit the wall and dropped right in front of me dazed. I picked it up, it appeared unhurt but could not sustain it’s flight. I have since constructed a fairly large ‘cage’ for it, about 4ft x 2fx x 2ft and placed it there last night. I temporarily placed her in a normal bird cage until I had completed the build.
    From what I have read up, it’s a fruit, seed and insect feeder and also nectar, flower buds. It’s doing as well as it can on bananas, papaya, jack-fruit (didn’t touch the grape) and seeds (black and white sunflower and other smaller ones). It loves to bathe so I’ve gotten it a tray and from what I read it’s important to keep things clean as it easily succumbs to infection.
    Does anyone else have any useful experience and sharing on it’s upkeep? I suspect this bird is an escapee – as far as I can read up, it’s not common, if at all, found in Georgetown, Penang where I am. I’m also not optimistic that it can survive if I were to set it free – assuming it can sustain it’s flight and not go crashing down and if there were dogs/cats around that would be the end of it.
    I can attach some pictures but not sure how to do this…

  9. Lee Chiu San

    The blue-crowned hanging parrot, even though very closely related to the lovebirds, is a nectar feeder. You would raise it the way you raise a lorikeet – which is a messy process. And because you are mixing batches of food for just one little bird, whereas I used to do it for about half a dozen pigeon-sized lorikeets each morning, I don’t know how you are going to get the portions down to manageable sizes. Anyway, here goes, with my recipe for feeding big lories. You can adjust the proportions down accordingly for your little bird.

    The staple diet would be a couple of slices of soft fruit (papaya, apple, grapes, even though I am surprised that you said the bird would not eat any) and a mixture of cooked rice sweetened with nectar mix.

    How to make nectar mix? Go to a pharmacy and get a can of food for invalids or infants. I use Complan, but I am sure any good baby formula would do. I usually make up enough to fill a beer mug, but there is no way you need that amount for a day’s feeding. If in doubt, make the mixture thinner, not thicker. Birds cannot digest baby formula that is too thick. If it is too thin, they simply have to consume more to get the required amount of energy. Then to this mug, add half a teaspoonful of rose syrup. Also stir in about a cup of cooked rice, well mashed up.

    In the case of your bird, I suggest that you pour this lot into an ice-cube tray, freeze the mixture, and defrost one cube to feed it each day.

    Now, you said that this bird eats sunflower seeds. This is most unusual for a blue-crowned hanging parrot. Are you sure that this is actually the species you have? Could it be possible that you have actually got a pet lovebird that escaped? There are so many different artificially-created breeds of lovebirds in so many colours that you might have been mistaken.

    If you actually have a lovebird, feeding is much simpler. Just go to the nearest pet shop, buy a packet of budgerigar or cockatiel seed of a reputable international brand, and offer it to the bird. You can supplement this with a couple of slices of fruit each day, and that will be all. Plus of course fresh water and a piece of cuttlefish bone to nibble on.

  10. Lee Chiu San

    About nectar feeding birds. I forgot to add that feeding nectar is messy, and it goes rancid very quickly in our tropical weather. Feeding containers have to be removed and thoroughly cleaned at the end of each day. The birds also splatter the mixture and wipe their beaks on perches and the bars of the cage. All my lories and lorikeets used to be housed in outdoor aviaries which were hosed down daily.

    If Geam Liang does not think the bird will survive if released, I really hope that it is a case of mistaken identity, and that you have a lovebird, rather than a blue-crowned hanging parrot. In our part of the world, all available lovebirds are domestically bred, take to captivity readily, and are easy to feed with commercially available seed mixtures. Yes, and being domestic pets, they would not survive if released.

  11. Geam Liang

    Thank you Chiu San for your inputs. Thus far, bananas and papayas work well. I’m not sure why it did not take to grapes – will try again. Am I supposed to peel it? I didn’t the last time, basically skewered a couple of grapes to a satay stick and positioned it as I did for the sliced and skinned papaya and peeled bananas.
    I have yet to try rice and certainly not nectar but will try out your concoction – have half a mind to go to a pet shop to see if they carry nectar for birds. The ice-cube freeze method is a good one, will try that. I might be mistaken on the sunflower seeds… not touched but it did eat the much smaller roundish, mixed colored seeds. Will remove the sunflower seeds.
    I’m sure it’s a female blue crowned hanging parrot.. it sleeps like a bat every night.

  12. Lee Chiu San

    When feeding local birds which are unfamiliar with imported fruits such as grapes, it helps to split the fruits to expose the edible parts. As to your remark that the bird sleeps hanging upside down like a bat, yes, that is the way blue-crowned hanging parrots sleep.

  13. Geam Liang

    Thanks… I need to think like a bird – yup. She has probably not seen a grape much less know that it’s edible, unless the previous owner has fed her with grapes… even then… Today she’s done pretty well making the most of the banana and all of the papaya plus quite a bit of seeds. Will try the baby food + mashed rise + rose syrup.
    Will regular honey do instead of rose syrup?

  14. Lee Chiu San

    About making nectar to feed birds. Most aviculturalists do not use honey for two reasons: 1. It is expensive and does not seem to give any added benefits. 2. Honey is made by bees, and the composition varies wildly. Some honeys are also known to cause fungal infection in birds.

    If you do not want to buy a huge bottle of rose syrup just for one tiny bird, there are cheaper alternatives. The first is plain table sugar, though most don’t seem to like it very much.

    What many birds will accept quite readily as a sweetener is condensed milk – the type with sugar that coffee shop owners use.

    Many, many birds have a sweet tooth (or should I say sweet beak?) Besides the usual suspects of lories, lorikeets, sunbirds and hummingbirds, for whom it is an essential part of the diet, nectar mixture is readily consumed by mynahs, leafbirds, fairy bluebirds, barbets, doves, parrots of all kinds, and a whole host of other species.

  15. Geam Liang

    I tried the condensed mild, placed in in a small bottle cap.. only the ants showed interest. Am I supposed to dilute it? I didn’t =( I took you advice and refrained from honey. Have yet to find Rose Syrup from the shelves of TESCO… will try to mix the baby food + mashed rise + rose syrup/sugar syrup this week…

  16. David Thackray

    Can anyone help me identify a bird I saw in Singapore last week. Size of a smakll dove or thrush. Dark metallic back. Grey breast with red throat, chest.

  17. Emily Koh

    Lately I bought a bird feeder which I fill with 4parts water n 1 part white sugar. Sunbirds come regularly to drink and they are really lovely to watch. May I know if it is bad for them to feed on this? Previously they would sometimes pierce and drink from my potted flowers

  18. Emily Koh

    Lately I bought a bird feeder which I fill with 4parts water n 1 part white sugar. Sunbirds come regularly to drink and they are really lovely to watch. May I know if it is bad for them to feed on this? Previously they would sometimes pierce and drink from my potted flowers.

  19. Mahadevi Bhuti

    One of best souce for the bird watcher’s enjoying knowledge about ornithology

  20. Martin Nyffeler (PhD)

    Dear Sir / Dear Madame,

    I am a Senior Lecturer in Zoology at a University in Switzerland and I urgently need to get in touch with photographer Chan Yoke Meng, who takes beautiful photographs of birds near Singapore. Would you please mail me the email address of this photographer!


  21. Wee Ming

    Hello Besgroup,

    Trust this email finds you well. We chance upon your photograph on your website and found the amazing image of the Laced Woodpecker and durians. We would like to explore the possibility of getting permission to use them for a new Bird Park in Singapore.

    Spacelogic is a company based in Singapore and we have been contracted by Mandai Park Development to carry out design and build works relating to the exhibition interpretive displays in this new Bird Park.

    Some background of the new Mandai Bird Park project; it will build upon the legacy of the Jurong Bird Park – by retaining and building upon a world-reference bird collection and creating a place of colour and joy for all visitors. The new Bird Park will have a world-reference ornithological collection displayed in a highly immersive way with large walk-through habitats. To enhance visitors’ experience with storyline and narrative of the bird park, transition spaces are added to display exhibits that provide a varied type of fun, intuitive, interactive and educational experiences for all visitors. One of the habitats features the Laced Woodpecker on a flora panel It is in this flora panel that we are seeking your permission to feature the Laced Woodpecker. We are looking to use the first image on the link here.
    Link can be found here:

    We would like to ask if this is something that we can explore further and if yes, how can we go about with putting through a formal permission request. Thank you so much for considering our request and we look forward to hearing from you.

    Warmest Regards,
    Wee Ming
    SPACElogic Pte Ltd

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