Malayan Teak (Vitex pinnata) – an important bird tree

posted in: birds, Feeding-plants, Plants | 0

Gold-whiskered Barbet eating the fruit.

The Malayan Teak (Vitex pinnata) or local name ‘Leban’ is a native tree of South-East Asia. It is slow growing, can grow up to 25 metres tall and prefers good sunlight. It is an important bird food source; both for nectar and the fruit. The fruit are 5–8 mm in diameter, black when ripe and very popular with bulbuls and other birds. Of note is that, when mature and having many trailers, epiphytes, mistletoes, wild orchids and creepers growing on its branches, it becomes an ideal tree in the forest for Yellow-eared Spiderhunter Arachnothera chrysogenys nests that are embedded high in the supporting vegetation.

Stripe-throated Bulbul eating the fruit.

Birds observed feeding on the Vitex pinnata fruit:

Gold-whiskered Barbet Megalaima chrysopogon laeta

Olive-winged Bulbul Pycnonotus plumosus plumosus

Buff-vented Bulbul Iole charlottae

Cream-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus simplex simplex

Red-eyed Bulbul Pycnonotus brunneus erythropth

Spectacled Bulbul Pycnonotus almus

Yellow-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus goiavier gourdini

Stripe-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus finlaysoni finlaysoni

Asian Fairy Bluebird Irena puella malayensis

Lesser Green Leafbird Chloropsis cyanopogon

Greater Green Leafbird Chloropsis sonnerati zosterops

Blue-winged Leafbird Chloropsis cochinchinensis moluccensis

Spectacled Spiderhunter Arachnothera flavigaster

Little Spiderhunter Arachnothera longirostra


Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr)

Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia


Location: Kledang-Sayong Forest Reserve, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Forest edge

Date: 17th August 2020

Equipment: Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone


Gold-whiskered Barbet

posted in: birds, Morphology-Develop. | 0

Some close up views of Gold-whiskered Barbet (Megalaima chrysopogon laeta), taken while feeding on an extensive trailing (creeper) fruiting ficus.

Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr)

Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia


Location: Kledang-Sayong Forest Reserve, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Forest edge

Date: 13th August 2020

Equipment: Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone



Spotted flycatcher (Muscicapa striata) and its varied insect diet

posted in: birds, Feeding-invertebrates | 0

A lone Spotted Flycatcher, Muscicapa striata, denizen of Europe and Siberia, suddenly made its appearance at Kent Ridge Park, Singapore.  Although a plain looking passerine, the little bird induced great excitement amongst birdwatchers and bird photographers.  There are many beautiful portraits of the flycatcher but this post will document the different insects the bird managed to feed on. Readers can write in the comments section if they can elucidate the identity of the insect preys.

Photo 1. Spotted flycatcher with insect in beak. Photo credit Tan Tze Siong. Kent Ridge Park. 21 October 2021.


Photo 2. Photo credit to Aung Moe Hein.


Photo 3. Photo credit to Kenneth Cheong.


Photo 4. Erwin Foo captured the flycatcher attempting to snatch small air-borne flies .


Photo 5. Photo credit to Jimmy Lim.


Photo 6. Photo credit to Neo Jinju.


Photo 7. Photo credit to Kelvin Ng Cheng Kwan.


Photo 8. Photo credit to Tan Tze Siong.


Photo 9. Photo credit to Dodotee Tee.


Photo 10. Photo credit to Johnny Wee.


Photo 11. Photo credit to Johnny Wee.


Photo 12. Photo credit to Judy Wong.


Photo 13. Photo credit to Yeak Hwee Lee.


Photo 14. Photo credit to Marcus Young.


Photo 15. Jack Lai documented the Spotted Flycatcher regurgitating a pellet.


This post is a cooperative effort between Birds, Insects N Creatures Of Asia and BESG to bring the study of birds and their behaviour through photography and videography to a wider audience.

Collared Bush Robin of Taiwan

Any bird watching trip to Taiwan would be a poorer one if you did not get to spend some time with this splendid Bush Robin (Tarsiger johnstoniae). For some reason we seem to see more males rather than females.

The males are magnificently adorned – the rusty-rufous (sometimes reddish) breast band runs backwards over shoulders (as a collar) into the mantel, and involves the scapulars. The lower breast and belly are buff, being more yellow higher up. The combination of these colours with the white supercilium and slaty-black face and wings (wings tend to have some brown) makes for an elegant bird.

This is a Taiwan endemic confined to the sub-alpine and montane regions. Avifauna of Taiwan, 2nd edition states that the “habitat in the breeding season is 2,600 to 3,550m ASL and … in the non-breeding season occurs at an altitude of 1,650 to 2,820m of broad-leaf and coniferous forests, broad mixed forest…”


Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr)

Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia


Location: Daxueshan National Forest Recreation Area, Taichung City County, Taiwan

Habitat: 1,750-2,500 meter ASL, forested region

Date: 15 & 17th January 2019

Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Tamron SP 150-600mm f/5-6.3 Di VC USD, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone


Chestnut-winged Cuckoo

posted in: birds, Migration-Migrants | 0

Had only a brief opportunity to walk about today but spotted 2 migratory cuckoos. The Chestnut-winged Cuckoo (Clamator coromandus) is quite common but very shy for a cuckoo; so most times, we just get a glimpse in flight. We have had it visit our garden for a number of years, especially when there are many caterpillars – its favourite food. Today I saw it snatched caterpillars off tall vegetation and branches by flying from a perch.


Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr)

Location: Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Urban city environment

Date: 28th March 2018

Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Tamron SP 150-600mm f/5-6.3 Di VC USD, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone


Baya Weaver: Do females assist in nest building?

posted in: birds, Nesting | 0

In having observed numerous Baya Weaver (Ploceus philippinus infortunatus) males build their remarkable nests. I ask myself “do females assist in nest building?”

Males usually build nests until the helmet stage. At this time they advertise to females by flapping extended wings, raising crown feathers while hanging on their nest (Wells 2007). I also notice they are very vocal while advertising and all the males building nests nearby will join in a vocal frenzy.

  1. The seminal work by Crook (1963) suggests that in most weaver species only the male takes part in nest building, and females choose their mate based on nest construction. This agrees with the general opinion in most sources/literature that only males build nests. Some emphatically say that ‘females play no part in nest building’ (Ali 1931, Quader 2006 – Quader has done extensive observation on these weavers).
  2. Wells (2007) states for my region that “Madoc got the impression that females assisted at the post-helmet stage of construction but was unable to confirm his observation”. Well suggested that the observation was related to “females entering part-constructed nests to lay rather than build”.
  3. Oschadleus and HBW (2020) suggest that females have some involvement in nest building. HBW notes that “female sometimes participating by bringing lining material of fibres and a few feathers”.

In more than 40 years of bird watching I have only seen female participating in nest building twice. Once was on 5th July 2008 where I observed a nest in late stage construction (entrance tube built). The male was still adding to the outsides of the structure and a female assisting by bringing a feather to line the inside of the nest. I had submitted that to OBI at the time but I am posting it here again for completeness (above).

The second observation of a female participating in nest building was on this occasion (13th January 2019). I saw a nest partially constructed (post-helmet stage) with a female in frequent attendance while the male was building. I did not see her bring any material but she would often stay at the nest entrance and intermittently turn to press her ‘beak’ or body on the inside of the nest; very similar to some females of other species that mould nests. It was difficult to offer photographic evidence of this (above).

Of note is that this was the only nest with a female in attendance out of 7 nests. The other males were actively displaying. The male who owned this nest (mating with this female) also continued to display (above) – I suspect because the other males were trying to pinch her from him (saw some male to male conflicts over this). Note also that this female would spend most of the time at the entrance, watching the male build. When the male wanted to work inside the nest she would hang on the outside of the nest (below).

My current opinion is that some female Baya Weavers do assist in nest building but the contribution is minimal and this behaviour may not apply to all females.


  1. Crook, J.H. (1963) A comparative analysis of nest structure in the weaver birds (ploceinae)IBIS. Vol 105, Issue 2, Pages 238-262.
  2. Quader, S. (2006) What makes a good nest? Benefits of nest choice to female Baya Weavers (Ploceus philippinus).The Auk, 123, 2, (475).
  3. Wells, D.R. (2007) The birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 2 (Passarines). Christopher Helm, London.
  4. Oschadleus, D. Baya Weaver Ploceus philippinus. Weaver Watch: Monitoring the Weavers of the World (Available here:
  5. Craig, A. (2020). Baya Weaver (Ploceus philippinus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.


Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr)

Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia


Location: Outskirts of Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Wetlands

Date: 13th January 2019

Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld




Asian Glossy Starling – unique nest site

posted in: birds, Nesting | 0

Some Asian Glossy Starlings (Aplonis panayensis strigata) were nesting in cave temple statues.

What a great, aesthetic location to nest but I doubt the birds were aware.


Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr)

Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia


Location: Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Date: 23rd May 2019

Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Tamron SP 150-600mm f/5-6.3 Di VC USD, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone

Baya Weaver – juvenile

posted in: birds, Morphology-Develop. | 0

  • A juvenile Baya Weaver.

Posting some images of a juvenile Baya Weaver (Ploceus philippinus infortunatus) that I saw at close range. Wells (2007) says about juveniles: Generally female-like. Distinguishing characteristics are not well known.

  • Upper portion of a juvenile Baya Weaver.

Craig (2020) states that: Juvenile resembles female, but with fainter dorsal streaking, upperparts rusty buff with broad rusty margins on wing-coverts, no obvious supercilium, cheeks buffy and general buffy wash on underparts.

  • A juvenile Baya Weaver.

A few images of the juvenile and a head comparison with an adult (below). The fledged juvenile was fluffed up making comparison harder. There is presence of some supercilium but the beak is lighter (especially the tip and lower rim of upper mandible) and the upper breast and face is not as dark brown/buff as adults. The head and wings are not as streaked.

Head comparison of a juvenile (top) and an adult (bottom) Baya Weaver.


  1. Wells, D.R. (2007) The birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 2 (Passerines). Christopher Helm, London.
  2. Craig, A. (2020). Baya Weaver (Ploceus philippinus), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.


Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr)

Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia


Location: Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Urban environment

Date: 28th May 2020

Equipment: Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S 105mm f/2.8G VR IF-ED


Asian Fairy Bluebird – calls and feeding

posted in: birds, Feeding-plants, Vocalisation | 0

Asian Fairy Bluebirds (Irena puella malayensis) have a wider range of calls. This adult male was singing high in the canopy for an extended period. It was a collection of whistles and ‘whit’s and other notes strung together almost continually. Many occurring at high frequency.

A call recording is located here: A sonogram and wave of a short segment is given above.

I watched them feed and Ficus fruit was crushed before swallowing (see composite below).

Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr)

Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia


Location: Kledang-Sayong Forest Reserve, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Trail along primary jungle

Date: 15th October 2019

Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld

Aquatic foraging techniques of the Little Egret

posted in: birds, Feeding strategy | 0

The Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta) is diverse in its foraging techniques for catching aquatic prey (mainly fish but also insects). This has been extensively documented by a variety of authors. The Little Egret is an ‘active feeder’ and success rates are said to be relatively high compared to many other heron species (my observations as well). Little Egrets use techniques that vary to some extent with the habitat. The foraging techniques that have been described by various authors include lean and wait, stand and wait, walking slowly, walking quickly, running, open wing feeding, double wing feeding, aggressive behaviour, bill vibrating (or tongue flicking), using rafts/perches, wing flick, foot stirring (or foot shuffling or foot raking), kleptoparasitism, hovering, dipping, foot dragging, jumping and hopping (the last few in deeper waters). There are many variation and descriptions for these and Kushlan (2011) offers definitions.

The methods I have observed include:

  1. A common technique is to wait patiently (stand motionlessand leaning forward) by the shallow end of a pond to pick out smaller fish. This often can be seen at fish farming ponds. They often have a fairly high success rate and I wonder if the shadow cast by the body encouraged fish to swim nearer enabling capture?
  2. When opportunity offers itself, the bird will perch on overhanging wires or metal/wooden protrusionsin the water as a perch to feed from. This often can be seen at sewage oxidation ponds.
  3. Opportunistic feeding occurs when large fish ponds are drained and there is fish in shallow waters or mud to take at ease.
  4. When fish farming ponds are not well tended, toxins can develop (an anaerobic layer at the bottom) or leech into the water (after heavy rain); when this happens fish tend to swim at the surface. These are occasions of high food availability and the Little Egrets feed by joining other birds to form mixed species aggregations; usually a variety of herons and egrets species. They hover or skim over the surface of the pond, with legs trailing in the water (foot dragging) to catch prey. Many successful dive in to obtain prey. Occasionally some will float on the surface to get prey.
  5. I have also seen some Little Egrets using Water Buffalos (Bubalus bubalis) who are soaking in the water as a platform to fish in deeper waters. The Little Egrets would perch on their back and fish from there with a good success rate. The Water Buffalos do not appear distressed in being used in this way.
  6. I have observed a prolonged episode of kleptoparasitism by a Little Egret of a Little Cormorant (Phalacrocorax niger). The Little Cormorant was foraging in the shallower section of a pond. The Little Egret would follow it and attempt to take the fish whenever the Little Cormorant surface with prey.

On this occasion I saw the foot stirring (foot shuffling or foot raking) technique employed successfully by the Little Egret. Five birds, of different species, were feeding in a small shallow pond without any competition or conflict. They included an Asian Openbill (Anastomus oscitans), a Great Egret (Casmerodius albus modestus), a Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea manilensis), a Pond Heron and this Little Egret. Each bird was using a different foraging technique with the Purple Heron standing and waiting, while the Great Egret was walking slowly as well as standing and waiting, and the Asian Openbill was walking and probing for snails. The shallow pond was covered extensively by an edible creeping plant, Ipomoea aquatica (Water Spinach or locally called Kangkong).

The Little Egret was the most active feeder, walking about quickly, frequently stopping to do a foot stirring action to flushing fish. Kushlan (2011) states “Herons also make special use of their feet in feeding. Foot movement behaviors include Foot Stirring in which the foot and leg are vibrated, Foot Raking in which the toes are scratched across the substrate, Foot Probing in which the toes are inserted into the substrate, and Foot Paddling in which the feet are moved up and down on the substrate.” I observed this activity for quite some time (a short video is here, keep your eye on the Little Egret especially 2nd half: ( and it is predominantly ‘foot stirring’ with occasional ‘foot probing’. A local paper examining the foraging behaviour of five egret species, documented foot stirring (authors call it foot shuffling) as 16% of feeding techniques used by Little Egrets; note that the habitats for that paper wetlands but were varied.


Kushlan, J. A. 2011. The terminology of courtship, nesting, feeding and maintenance in herons. [online] (available here:

Aboushiba, Ramli and Azirun (2013). Foraging Behaviour of Five Egret Species in POME Pond Area at Carey Island, Peninsular Malaysia. The Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 23(1), Page: 129-135. (available here:



Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr)                                                                                                                                                                    Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: Wetlands, Perak, Malaysia                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Habitat: Extensive ex-tin mining area with pond/lakes, wetlands                                                                                                             Date: 24th February 2020                                                                                                                                                                   Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone.



26 Responses

  1. kris

    I just found a young dollarbird in the garden.. It seems to have left the nest too early and cannot fly yet. How am i to keep and feed it for a few days untill it can fly.???

  2. Iwan

    We have a small pond in our garden surrounded by trees and steep bedrock. The other day we saw a heron flying over and attempting to land – I guess to try to eat our small stock of fish. We managed to frighten it away before it landed, and have since installed trip wires around the pond in order to dissuade the bird. The amount of shelter around the pond means that a heron would have to land practically vertically. Does anyone know whether these birds have the agility to hover and land in this way, or do they always need a “glidepath” in order to land successfully?

  3. Khng Eu Meng

    Today, at the former Bidadari Cemetery, there was a buzz about a sighting of a Grey Nightjar (Caprimulgus jotaka). I heard some birders say this nightjar isn’t commonly seen in Singapore. After some hunting, we spotted it asleep on a tree branch, some 15 m above ground. This was rather interesting as my previous encounters with nightjars have been on either terra firma or on low branches.

    Is this perching so high up the tree normal or is it unusual? I have posted a photo of it on my Facebook Timeline:

  4. Jess

    Bird Sanctuary At Former Bidadari Cementry

    1)Which is the best spot in Bidadari cemetery for bird watch?

    2)Where this bird usually resident at?

    3)What are some of the rare bird species that can be found at Bidadari?

    4)Where is the particular hot spot for the hornbills, eagles, kingfishers and some of the rare migratory bird?

    5)Which part of Bidadari are richest in it wildlife?

    6)Can you name me the 59 migratory bird species found?

  5. YC

    Why not search the website using the word ‘Bidadari’ to obtain the information you need. There should be sufficient info in past postings to satisfy you.

  6. Firdaus Razak

    Hai, I just want to ask did anybody had an experience bring bird from oversea via MasKargo? Did the bird will stress at high altitude?

  7. Chung Wah

    Hi, I am new to bird photography! Could anyone advise a good pair of binoculars to get for this hobby?

  8. Geam Liang

    I ‘acquired’ a female Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot 5 days ago – was in a public place when the bird flew overhead hit the wall and dropped right in front of me dazed. I picked it up, it appeared unhurt but could not sustain it’s flight. I have since constructed a fairly large ‘cage’ for it, about 4ft x 2fx x 2ft and placed it there last night. I temporarily placed her in a normal bird cage until I had completed the build.
    From what I have read up, it’s a fruit, seed and insect feeder and also nectar, flower buds. It’s doing as well as it can on bananas, papaya, jack-fruit (didn’t touch the grape) and seeds (black and white sunflower and other smaller ones). It loves to bathe so I’ve gotten it a tray and from what I read it’s important to keep things clean as it easily succumbs to infection.
    Does anyone else have any useful experience and sharing on it’s upkeep? I suspect this bird is an escapee – as far as I can read up, it’s not common, if at all, found in Georgetown, Penang where I am. I’m also not optimistic that it can survive if I were to set it free – assuming it can sustain it’s flight and not go crashing down and if there were dogs/cats around that would be the end of it.
    I can attach some pictures but not sure how to do this…

  9. Lee Chiu San

    The blue-crowned hanging parrot, even though very closely related to the lovebirds, is a nectar feeder. You would raise it the way you raise a lorikeet – which is a messy process. And because you are mixing batches of food for just one little bird, whereas I used to do it for about half a dozen pigeon-sized lorikeets each morning, I don’t know how you are going to get the portions down to manageable sizes. Anyway, here goes, with my recipe for feeding big lories. You can adjust the proportions down accordingly for your little bird.

    The staple diet would be a couple of slices of soft fruit (papaya, apple, grapes, even though I am surprised that you said the bird would not eat any) and a mixture of cooked rice sweetened with nectar mix.

    How to make nectar mix? Go to a pharmacy and get a can of food for invalids or infants. I use Complan, but I am sure any good baby formula would do. I usually make up enough to fill a beer mug, but there is no way you need that amount for a day’s feeding. If in doubt, make the mixture thinner, not thicker. Birds cannot digest baby formula that is too thick. If it is too thin, they simply have to consume more to get the required amount of energy. Then to this mug, add half a teaspoonful of rose syrup. Also stir in about a cup of cooked rice, well mashed up.

    In the case of your bird, I suggest that you pour this lot into an ice-cube tray, freeze the mixture, and defrost one cube to feed it each day.

    Now, you said that this bird eats sunflower seeds. This is most unusual for a blue-crowned hanging parrot. Are you sure that this is actually the species you have? Could it be possible that you have actually got a pet lovebird that escaped? There are so many different artificially-created breeds of lovebirds in so many colours that you might have been mistaken.

    If you actually have a lovebird, feeding is much simpler. Just go to the nearest pet shop, buy a packet of budgerigar or cockatiel seed of a reputable international brand, and offer it to the bird. You can supplement this with a couple of slices of fruit each day, and that will be all. Plus of course fresh water and a piece of cuttlefish bone to nibble on.

  10. Lee Chiu San

    About nectar feeding birds. I forgot to add that feeding nectar is messy, and it goes rancid very quickly in our tropical weather. Feeding containers have to be removed and thoroughly cleaned at the end of each day. The birds also splatter the mixture and wipe their beaks on perches and the bars of the cage. All my lories and lorikeets used to be housed in outdoor aviaries which were hosed down daily.

    If Geam Liang does not think the bird will survive if released, I really hope that it is a case of mistaken identity, and that you have a lovebird, rather than a blue-crowned hanging parrot. In our part of the world, all available lovebirds are domestically bred, take to captivity readily, and are easy to feed with commercially available seed mixtures. Yes, and being domestic pets, they would not survive if released.

  11. Geam Liang

    Thank you Chiu San for your inputs. Thus far, bananas and papayas work well. I’m not sure why it did not take to grapes – will try again. Am I supposed to peel it? I didn’t the last time, basically skewered a couple of grapes to a satay stick and positioned it as I did for the sliced and skinned papaya and peeled bananas.
    I have yet to try rice and certainly not nectar but will try out your concoction – have half a mind to go to a pet shop to see if they carry nectar for birds. The ice-cube freeze method is a good one, will try that. I might be mistaken on the sunflower seeds… not touched but it did eat the much smaller roundish, mixed colored seeds. Will remove the sunflower seeds.
    I’m sure it’s a female blue crowned hanging parrot.. it sleeps like a bat every night.

  12. Lee Chiu San

    When feeding local birds which are unfamiliar with imported fruits such as grapes, it helps to split the fruits to expose the edible parts. As to your remark that the bird sleeps hanging upside down like a bat, yes, that is the way blue-crowned hanging parrots sleep.

  13. Geam Liang

    Thanks… I need to think like a bird – yup. She has probably not seen a grape much less know that it’s edible, unless the previous owner has fed her with grapes… even then… Today she’s done pretty well making the most of the banana and all of the papaya plus quite a bit of seeds. Will try the baby food + mashed rise + rose syrup.
    Will regular honey do instead of rose syrup?

  14. Lee Chiu San

    About making nectar to feed birds. Most aviculturalists do not use honey for two reasons: 1. It is expensive and does not seem to give any added benefits. 2. Honey is made by bees, and the composition varies wildly. Some honeys are also known to cause fungal infection in birds.

    If you do not want to buy a huge bottle of rose syrup just for one tiny bird, there are cheaper alternatives. The first is plain table sugar, though most don’t seem to like it very much.

    What many birds will accept quite readily as a sweetener is condensed milk – the type with sugar that coffee shop owners use.

    Many, many birds have a sweet tooth (or should I say sweet beak?) Besides the usual suspects of lories, lorikeets, sunbirds and hummingbirds, for whom it is an essential part of the diet, nectar mixture is readily consumed by mynahs, leafbirds, fairy bluebirds, barbets, doves, parrots of all kinds, and a whole host of other species.

  15. Geam Liang

    I tried the condensed mild, placed in in a small bottle cap.. only the ants showed interest. Am I supposed to dilute it? I didn’t =( I took you advice and refrained from honey. Have yet to find Rose Syrup from the shelves of TESCO… will try to mix the baby food + mashed rise + rose syrup/sugar syrup this week…

  16. David Thackray

    Can anyone help me identify a bird I saw in Singapore last week. Size of a smakll dove or thrush. Dark metallic back. Grey breast with red throat, chest.

  17. Emily Koh

    Lately I bought a bird feeder which I fill with 4parts water n 1 part white sugar. Sunbirds come regularly to drink and they are really lovely to watch. May I know if it is bad for them to feed on this? Previously they would sometimes pierce and drink from my potted flowers

  18. Emily Koh

    Lately I bought a bird feeder which I fill with 4parts water n 1 part white sugar. Sunbirds come regularly to drink and they are really lovely to watch. May I know if it is bad for them to feed on this? Previously they would sometimes pierce and drink from my potted flowers.

  19. Mahadevi Bhuti

    One of best souce for the bird watcher’s enjoying knowledge about ornithology

  20. Martin Nyffeler (PhD)

    Dear Sir / Dear Madame,

    I am a Senior Lecturer in Zoology at a University in Switzerland and I urgently need to get in touch with photographer Chan Yoke Meng, who takes beautiful photographs of birds near Singapore. Would you please mail me the email address of this photographer!


  21. Wee Ming

    Hello Besgroup,

    Trust this email finds you well. We chance upon your photograph on your website and found the amazing image of the Laced Woodpecker and durians. We would like to explore the possibility of getting permission to use them for a new Bird Park in Singapore.

    Spacelogic is a company based in Singapore and we have been contracted by Mandai Park Development to carry out design and build works relating to the exhibition interpretive displays in this new Bird Park.

    Some background of the new Mandai Bird Park project; it will build upon the legacy of the Jurong Bird Park – by retaining and building upon a world-reference bird collection and creating a place of colour and joy for all visitors. The new Bird Park will have a world-reference ornithological collection displayed in a highly immersive way with large walk-through habitats. To enhance visitors’ experience with storyline and narrative of the bird park, transition spaces are added to display exhibits that provide a varied type of fun, intuitive, interactive and educational experiences for all visitors. One of the habitats features the Laced Woodpecker on a flora panel It is in this flora panel that we are seeking your permission to feature the Laced Woodpecker. We are looking to use the first image on the link here.
    Link can be found here:

    We would like to ask if this is something that we can explore further and if yes, how can we go about with putting through a formal permission request. Thank you so much for considering our request and we look forward to hearing from you.

    Warmest Regards,
    Wee Ming
    SPACElogic Pte Ltd

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