Green-backed Flycatcher – defence posture

posted in: birds, Feeding-plants | 0

Post 1.

Observed a male Green-backed Flycatcher (Narcissus Flycatcher Ficedula narcissina elisae) feeding on the fruit of the Macaranga bancana. It was intermittently making the sharp “tek tek” calls with a posture (see Post 2) suggesting ‘defence’ with the body arched, tail lifted and of under-tail coverts flashed. All this suggest maintenance or protection of winter feeding territories. Calls can be heard here:

Post 2.

I am also using this opportunity to update the list of birds that feed on the fruit of the Macaranga bancana (2 more added this season).

The Macaranga bancana fruits twice a year and attracts a large number of bird species. I have seen more than 30 species visit this tree. Birds will actively & competitively search for fruit from early in the morning (before 7am) until that days’ supply is exhausted by frantic feeding (usually by 9-10am):

Birds seen feeding on the fruit:

  1. Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot Loriculus galgulus
  2. Gold-whiskered Barbet Megalaima chrysopogon
  3. Sooty Barbet Caloramphus hayii (Brown Barbet Calorhamphus fuliginosus hayii)
  4. Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica
  5. Cream-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus simplex
  6. Red-eyed Bulbul Pycnonotus brunneus
  7. Spectacled Bulbul Pycnonotus erythropthalmus
  8. Hairy-backed Bulbul Tricholestes criniger
  9. Buff-vented Bulbul Iole charlottae
  10. Scaly-Breasted Bulbul Pycnonotus squamatus
  11. Black-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus atriceps
  12. Stripe-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus finlaysoni
  13. Yellow-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus goiavier
  14. Mugimaki Flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki
  15. Green-backed Flycatcher Ficedula elisae
  16. Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa dauurica
  17. Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassinus
  18. Blue-and-white Flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana
  19. Everett’s White-eye Zosterops everetti
  20. Green Iora Aegithina viridissima
  21. Blue-winged Leafbird Chloropsis cochinchinensis
  22. Greater Green Leafbird Chloropsis sonnerati
  23. Lesser Green Leafbird Chloropsis cyanopogon
  24. Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker Prionochilus percussus
  25. Ruby-cheeked Sunbird Chalcoparia singalensis
  26. Red-throated Sunbird Anthreptes rhodolaemus
  27. Purple-naped Sunbird Hypogramma hypogrammicum
  28. Plain Sunbird Anthreptes simplex
  29. Ruby-cheeked Sunbird Chalcoparia singalensis
  30. Brown-throated (Plain-throated) Sunbird Anthreptes malacensis
  31. Grey-breasted Spiderhunter Arachnothera modesta
  32. Yellow-eared Spiderhunter Arachnothera chrysogenys
  33. Spectacled Spiderhunter Arachnothera flavigaster
  34. Little Spiderhunter Arachnothera longirostra
  35. One Thrush, ID unknown

Birds that have not been seen to feeding on the fruit but will use the fruit feeding event at the Macaranga bancana by birds as a “mixed foraging party like” event to stir up insects for them to feed on (similar behaviour seen at fruit ficus trees):

  1. Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis
  2. Eastern Crowned Warbler Phylloscopus coronatus
  3. Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius


Amar-Singh HSS (Dato’ Dr) – Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Location: Kledang-Sayong Forest Reserve, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Habitat: Broken trail in primary jungle

Date: 27th December 2019

Equipment: Equipment: Nikon D500 SLR with Nikon AF-S Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR, handheld with Rode VideoMic Pro Plus Shotgun Microphone


Follow YC Wee:

Dr Wee played a significant role as a green advocate in Singapore through his extensive involvement in various organizations and committees: as Secretary and Chairman for the Malayan Nature Society (Singapore Branch), and with the Nature Society (Singapore) as founding President (1978-1995). He has also served in the Nature Reserve Board (1987-1989), Nature Reserves Committee (1990-1996), National Council on the Environment/Singapore Environment Council (1992-1996), Work-Group on Nature Conservation (1992) and Inter-Varsity Council on the Environment (1995-1997). He is Patron of the Singapore Gardening Society and was appointed Honorary Museum Associate of the Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum (LKCNHM) in 2012. In 2005, Dr Wee started the Bird Ecology Study Group. With more than 6,000 entries, the website has become a valuable resource consulted by students, birdwatchers and researchers locally and internationally. The views and opinions expressed in this article are his own, and do not represent those of LKCNHM, the National University of Singapore or its affiliated institutions.

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