Purple Heron – feeding behaviour, eel

on 14th January 2018

“I was out in the city looking up some nesting sites when I saw this Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea manilensis) intently focused on some prey. I watched from the car, about 10-12 meters away. Despite the bird being aware of my presence it did not stop its ‘staking’ of the prey on the ground.

“It took 20 minutes from the time I spotted the bird to the time it acquired the prey; very carefully and slowly approaching. I was expecting a frog but when it suddenly pounced, the prey was a long snake-like creature.

HeronPu [AmartSingh] 1

“I attempted images followed by a video recording (stabilised by car door). The bird was crafty and had snatched the head in the beak to limit and possibility of being bitten (above). I initially thought it was a snake but a bird watching colleague that I showed the images to correctly identified it as an eel as it was scaleless.

HeronPu [AmartSingh] 4

“The bird proceeded to manipulate the eel and trash it on the ground a number of times to stun it. It then repeatedly threw it to the ground and ‘re-acquired’ it to kill the eel (above). Intermittently it would spear the eel with the beak close to head. Once it was reasonably happy that the eel was killed, it took it to a nearby puddle to rinse it before performing the impressive act of swallowing it by straightening the head and neck. The beak was then washed in a puddle and ‘wiped’ with the tongue. The whole event from catching to feeding lasted about 4 minutes. The video shows the latter two thirds of this activity when the eel was already fairly stunned.

“There are a number of eels in Malaysia and I explored possibilities. A good database is here: List of Freshwater Fishes Reported from Malaysia LINK. The eel this Purple Heron preyed on is the native Asian Swamp Eel (Monopterus albus), also called the Swamp or Rice Eel. There is a good write up in Wikipedia, see: HERE.

HeronPu [AmartSingh] 3

“The Asian Swamp Eel is ‘not actually an eel, per se; eels are of the order Anguilliformes, while M. albus is of the order Synbranchiformes’. It can reach 25-40cm in length and lacks pectoral and pelvic fins; other fins are rudimentary. It has teeth which may account for the heron’s caution. I was wondering why I found it on dry land – this location is urban, has no nearby rivers or ponds and only has large drains; due to the recent rains the field was muddy. However, this eel is noted to have ‘versatile motility and is even capable of moving over dry land for short distances’.

HeronPu [AmartSingh] 2

“Of special interest is the image above where you can clearly see ‘water’ being squired out like a fountain from the lower one third of the eel. There is literature showing that this eel has a specialised bladder. I suspect the trauma and squeezing motions have expelled urine; whether as defence mechanism or due to stress I cannot be certain.”

Dato’ Dr Amar-Singh HSS
Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
6th January 2018

Location: Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
Habitat: Urban environment

If you like this post please tap on the Like button at the left bottom of page. Any views and opinions expressed in this article are solely those of the authors/contributors, and are not endorsed by the Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum (LKCNHM, NUS) or its affiliated institutions. Readers are encouraged to use their discretion before making any decisions or judgements based on the information presented.

YC Wee

Dr Wee played a significant role as a green advocate in Singapore through his extensive involvement in various organizations and committees: as Secretary and Chairman for the Malayan Nature Society (Singapore Branch), and with the Nature Society (Singapore) as founding President (1978-1995). He has also served in the Nature Reserve Board (1987-1989), Nature Reserves Committee (1990-1996), National Council on the Environment/Singapore Environment Council (1992-1996), Work-Group on Nature Conservation (1992) and Inter-Varsity Council on the Environment (1995-1997). He is Patron of the Singapore Gardening Society and was appointed Honorary Museum Associate of the Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum (LKCNHM) in 2012. In 2005, Dr Wee started the Bird Ecology Study Group. With more than 6,000 entries, the website has become a valuable resource consulted by students, birdwatchers and researchers locally and internationally. The views and opinions expressed in this article are his own, and do not represent those of LKCNHM, the National University of Singapore or its affiliated institutions.

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One Response

  1. Excellent video of the Purple Heron catching and eating a swamp eel. Such herons can be seen in a field near where I live, which has a few small streams flowing through it. As for the eel, I can confirm that it does have teeth, and does not hesitate to use them. In the days when dinosaurs ruled the earth and there were still water hyacinth ponds in Singapore, because it makes for rather good eating, I used to fish for this type of eel using baited lines staked out overnight.
    If the catch was plentiful, eels not to be cooked right away would be stored in a large tub. A neighbour’s son put his hand into the tub to play with the eels. One of them gashed his thumb so badly that it had to be stitched.

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