The main diet of the Common Hill-myna (Gracula religiosa) (above) is fruits. Besides fruits it also takes nectar, insects and small animals like lizards.
With fruits of up to 2cm diameter, it swallows them together with their seeds. Large seeds would subsequently be regurgitated (Craig & Feare, 2009). In this way the hill-myna assists in seed dispersal.
Fruits taken include Ficus spp. and Oncosperma tigillaria (Craig & Feare, 2009; Wells, 2007). Canthium rubrum or commonly known as Green Coffee or Kopi Utan (jungle coffee) because the fruits look like coffee-berries (above), is a new food record.
Thanks to Boo Chih Min and Prof Jean Yong for identifying the plant.
25th July 2016
1. Craig, AJFK & CJ Feare, 2009. Family Sturnidae (Starlings). In: del Hoyo, J., A. Elliott & D. A. Christie (eds.). Handbook of the birds of the world. Vol. 14. Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Lynx Editions, Barcelona. Pp. 654-758.
2. Wells, D.R., 2007. The birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsular. Vol. II, Passerines. Christopher Helm, London. 800 pp.