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Plant-Bird Relationship: 9. Myrtaceae

on 2nd November 2012

The earlier series: 1. Need for a Catalogue LINK; 2. Moraceae LINK; 3. Euphorbiaceae LINK, 4. Poaceae LINK, 5. Fabaceae LINK, 6. Palmae LINK, 7. Loranthaceae LINK and 8. Meliaceae LINK.

Members of the plant family Myrtaceae are either shrubs or trees. The leaves are simple and in opposites. Flowers are bisexual, regular, with 4-5 sepals and petals and numerous stamens.

In the following list, the different species of birds that visit the plant are listed below each plant species. Details are as follows:
1. Common name of bird.
2. Whether for food, to forage for insects, to roost, to collect nesting material or to nest.
3. Author of the post.
4. Date of posting
5. Habitat if in Singapore (BTNR = Bukit Timah Nature Reserve), otherwise country.
6. Link to the actual post on the website.


[l-r: Callistemon sp. flowers, Psidium guajava fruit and Syzygium grande flowers.]

Myrtaceae
1. Callistemon sp. (bottlebrush)
Bulbuls
Yellow-vented Bulbul: nectar_KCTsang_010406_urban-garden – LINK
Yellow-vented Bulbul: nectar_AmarSingh_250611_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Ioras
Common Iora: insects_KCTsang_010406_urban-garden – LINK
Flowerpeckers
Fire-Breasted Flowerpecker: nectar_AdrianLim_301108_Malaysia – LINK
Leafbirds
Orange-bellied Leafbird: nectar_AdrianLim_301108_Malaysia – LINK
Orange-bellied Leafbird: nectar_EricTan_281008_urban – LINK
Spiderhunters
Streaked Spiderhunter: nectar_AdrianLim_301108_Malaysia – LINK
Sunbirds
Brown-throated Sunbird: nectar_AmarSingh_191209_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Purple-throated Sunbird: nectar_JWee_010406_urban-garden – LINK

2. Callistemon rigidus (bottlebrush)
White-eyes
Oriental White-eye: nest-material-leaves_YCWee-YenLay-KCTsang_090307_urban-garden – LINK
Oriental White-eye: nesting_YenLau_260207_urban-garden – LINK
Oriental White-eye: nesting_YenLau-KCTsang_070706 – LINK

3. Eucalyptus sp. (gum tree)
Malkohas
Chestnut-Bellied Malkoha: nesting_AmarSingh_250909_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
White-eyes
Everett’s White-eye: nectar_AmarSingh_240610_Malaysia – LINK
Oriental White-eye: nectar_TeoSiyang_230712_park – LINK

4. Melaleuca cajuputi
Sunbirds
Brown-throated Sunbird: nectar_TeoSiyang_230712_park – LINK
Olive-backed Sunbird: nectar_TeoSiyang_230712_park – LINK

5. Psidium guajava (guava)
Bulbuls
Yellow-vented Bulbul: fruit_GohJuanHui_110512_urban-garden – LINK
Flowerpeckers
Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker: fruit_AmarSingh_110910_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Hanging-parrots
Blue-crowned Hanging-parrot: fruit_LamChunSee_040907_urban – LINK
Blue-crowned Hanging-parrot: fruit_EricPooi_161108_urban-garden – LINK
Hornbills
Oriental Pied Hornbill: fruit_JWee-270607_urban-garden – LINK
Oriental Pied Hornbill: fruit_JWee-TanTeoSeng_070210_rural – LINK

6. Syzygium sp. (jambu)
Bulbuls
Yellow-vented Bulbul: nectar_RogerMoo_141208_park – LINK
Doves
Common Dove: nectar_RogerMoo_141208_park – LINK
Hanging-parrots
Blue-crowned Hanging-parrot: fruit_GohJuanHui_110512_urban-garden – LINK
Hornbills
Hornbill: fruit_Hornbill-Research-Foundation_Jan-08_Thailand – LINK
Munias
Munia: nest-material_YCWee-TanTeoSeng_180408_Johor-Malaysia – LINK
Mynas
Javan Myna” nectar_RogerMoo_141208_park – LINK
Orioles
Black-naped Oriole: nectar_RogerMoo_141208_park – LINK
Orioles
Olive-Backed Sunbird: nectar_RogerMoo_141208_park – LINK
Starlings
Asian Glossy Starlings: nectar_RogerMoo_141208_park – LINK
Purple-backed Starling: nectar_RogerMoo_141208_park – LINK

7. Syzygium aqueum (water apple)
Munias
Munia: nest_TanTeoSeng-YCWee_180408_Johor-Malaysia – LINK
Munia: nest_TanTeoSeng-YCWee_070608_Johor-Malaysia – LINK
Orioles
Black-naped Oriole: fruit_AmarSingh_090811_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK

8. Syzygium cumini (jiwat, salam)
Asian Koel: fruit_RCorlett_010106_Hongkong – LINK

9. Syxygium grande (sea apple)
Flowerpeckers
Orange-bellied Flowerpecker: nectar_RSubaraj_231005_forest – LINK
Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker: nectar_R Subaraj_231005_forest – LINK
Flycatchers
Asian Brown Flycatcher: insects-flowers_RSubaraj_231005_forest – LINK
Fruit-doves
Jambu Fruit-dove: fruit_ChanYokeMeng-MChan_010108_park – LINK
Green-pigeons
Pink-necked Green-pigeon: leaf_SunChongHong_011211_urban – LINK
Pink-necked Green-pigeon: leaf_SunChongHong_011211_urban-garden – LINK
Leafbirds
Golden-fronted Leafbird: nectar_RSubaraj_231005_forest – LINK
Greater Green Leafbird: nectar_RSubaraj_231005_forest – LINK
Lorys
Red Lory: fruit_JWee_011106_rural – LINK
Mynas
Javan Mynas: roost_WuEuHeng-YCWee_Nov.05_roadside – LINK
Orioles
Black-naped Oriole: fruit_SunChongHong_030511_urban – LINK
Spiderhunters
Thick-billed Spiderhunter: ?_RSubaraj_231005_forest – LINK
Starlings
Asian Glossy Starlings: roost_WuEuHeng-YCWee_Nov.05_roadside – LINK
Purple-backed Starling: roost_WuEuHeng-YCWee_Nov.05_roadside – LINK
Sunbirds
Crimson Sunbird: nectar_RSubaraj_231005_forest – LINK

10. Syzygium malaccense (jambu bol)
Oriental Pied Hornbill: fruit_AngieNg_260107_Changi – LINK

11. Syzygium polyanthum (salam)
Barbets
Red-crowned Barbets: fruit_ChanYokeMeng-MChan-YCWee_190706_forest – LINK
Bulbuls
Cream-vented Bulbul: fruit_LimPohBee_300709_urban – LINK
Yellow-vented Bulbul: nectar_TeoSiyang_230712_park – LINK
Fruit-doves
Jambu Fruit-dove: fruit_ChanYokeMeng-MChan_010108 – LINK
Green-pigeons
Orange-breasted Green-pigeon: fruit_JonathanCheah-AlbertLow_park – LINK
Pink-necked Green-pigeon: fruit_YCWee_230610_roadside – LINK
Pink-necked Green-pigeon: nectar_TeoSiyang_230712_park – LINK
Koels
Asian Koel: nectar_TeoSiyang_230712_park – LINK
Lorys
Violet-necked Lory: nectar_HengFuhai_011106_urban – LINK

12. Xanthostemon chrysanthus (golden penda)
Bulbuls
Yellow-vented Bulbul: nectar_YCWee_300311_roadside – LINK
Doves
Zebra Dove: nesting_YCWee_Jul-05_roadside – LINK
Hanging-parrots
Blue-crowned Hanging-parrot: nectar_YCWee_300311_roadside – LINK
Lorikeets
Rainbow Lorikeet: nectar_YCWee_300311_roadside – LINK
Mynas
Javan Myna: nectar_AmarSingh_300311_Ipoh-Malaysia – LINK
Javan Myna: nest-material_RSubaraj-YCWee_140606_roadside – LINK
Sunbirds
Brown-throated Sunbird: nectar_YCWee_300311_roadside – LINK
Brown-throated Sunbird: nectar_LenaChow_190712_urban – LINK

YC Wee
Singapore
October 2012

If you like this post please tap on the Like button at the left bottom of page. Any views and opinions expressed in this article are solely those of the authors/contributors, and are not endorsed by the Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum (LKCNHM, NUS) or its affiliated institutions. Readers are encouraged to use their discretion before making any decisions or judgements based on the information presented.

YC Wee

Dr Wee played a significant role as a green advocate in Singapore through his extensive involvement in various organizations and committees: as Secretary and Chairman for the Malayan Nature Society (Singapore Branch), and with the Nature Society (Singapore) as founding President (1978-1995). He has also served in the Nature Reserve Board (1987-1989), Nature Reserves Committee (1990-1996), National Council on the Environment/Singapore Environment Council (1992-1996), Work-Group on Nature Conservation (1992) and Inter-Varsity Council on the Environment (1995-1997). He is Patron of the Singapore Gardening Society and was appointed Honorary Museum Associate of the Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum (LKCNHM) in 2012. In 2005, Dr Wee started the Bird Ecology Study Group. With more than 6,000 entries, the website has become a valuable resource consulted by students, birdwatchers and researchers locally and internationally. The views and opinions expressed in this article are his own, and do not represent those of LKCNHM, the National University of Singapore or its affiliated institutions.

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