Collared Kingfisher eats pufferfish

on 8th November 2009

Kiah Ng photographed a Collared Kingfisher (Todiramphus chloris) eating a pufferfish at Byram, Penang, Malaysia.

Writes Kiah, “This morning at Byram Penang, I saw a Collared Kingfisher ate a puffer fish. I thought that puffer fish is very poisonous but the kingfisher was alive and ok. Has the Collared Kingfisher an immune system against the toxin? Or not all puffers are poisonous?”

According to our fish consultant, Kelvin KP Lim from the Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, the puffer “looks like a juvenile Green-spotted Puffer (Tetraodon nigroviridis), a common species in the mangroves of Singapore and Peninsular Malaysia.”

Pufferfish is so-called because it inflates by gulping water into the stomach when handled. This prevents predators from swallowing it. Swelling also occurs in air when the fish is removed from the water, making a croaking sound as it sucks in air. Once the fish is thrown back into the water, it deflates.

Many pufferfish are poisonous. The fugu that is eaten in Japan as a delicacy that only highly trained chefs are licensed to prepare, is the most poisonous of the puffers. It has a deadly nerve poison that is more than a thousand times deadlier that cyanide. However, not all puffers are poisonous. And if poisonous, the amount of poison depends on the geographical location and the season. Again, the puffer’s neurotoxin is not necessarily as toxic to other animals as it is to humans. After all, puffers are routinely eaten by some species of fish.

It has been reported that the Green-spotted Puffer, a popular aquarium fish, uses the toxin as a defense mechanism against other predatory fish, stunning those that bite it. However, whether it is poisonous to the kingfisher needs further observations.

For skeptics who may claim that the kingfisher was only ‘playing’ with the puffer, the above images show that the bird actually swallowed it. Ha, but did it vomit the puffer later? There were no further observations after the bird swallowed the puffer. But if there were, I am sure there would be an image showing the kingfisher casting a pellet of the indigestible parts.

If you like this post please tap on the Like button at the left bottom of page. Any views and opinions expressed in this article are solely those of the authors/contributors, and are not endorsed by the Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum (LKCNHM, NUS) or its affiliated institutions. Readers are encouraged to use their discretion before making any decisions or judgements based on the information presented.

YC Wee

Dr Wee played a significant role as a green advocate in Singapore through his extensive involvement in various organizations and committees: as Secretary and Chairman for the Malayan Nature Society (Singapore Branch), and with the Nature Society (Singapore) as founding President (1978-1995). He has also served in the Nature Reserve Board (1987-1989), Nature Reserves Committee (1990-1996), National Council on the Environment/Singapore Environment Council (1992-1996), Work-Group on Nature Conservation (1992) and Inter-Varsity Council on the Environment (1995-1997). He is Patron of the Singapore Gardening Society and was appointed Honorary Museum Associate of the Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum (LKCNHM) in 2012. In 2005, Dr Wee started the Bird Ecology Study Group. With more than 6,000 entries, the website has become a valuable resource consulted by students, birdwatchers and researchers locally and internationally. The views and opinions expressed in this article are his own, and do not represent those of LKCNHM, the National University of Singapore or its affiliated institutions.

Other posts by YC Wee

4 Responses

  1. I photo-documented a great white heron catching and eating a puffer fish as well. The heron removed the fish onto dry land and then pierced it with its bill to deflate it before swallowing it. I found this page while looking for information on other birds doing likewise, and I can only assume that this means certain birds do make a practice of eating puffer fish, as the heron seemed quite practiced and capable in the procedure of puncturing it before eating it.

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