Urban encounter: White-rumped Shama

posted in: Species | 4

Sun Chong Hong sent in this report:

“I was driving my car straight into a parking lot in my condo near Lower Peirce Reservoir on 2 Nov 2008 in the evening, when I saw a bird hopping like a magpie robin in front of my windscreen at the grass patch. The bird briefly disappeared from sight, being blocked by the front part of my car. I decided not to get down from the car as it may startle the bird into flight. I wound down the door windscreen and folded the external rear view mirror, waiting for the bird to reappear. I was not to be disappointed. The bird showed up on the correct side of my car after a short while and I took a series of photos using only one hand to control the zoom and shutter… This is the first time I have come across such bird.”

Huang JH identified the bird as a White-rumped Shama (Copsychus malabaricus). Our bird specialist R Subaraj further confirmed the identification, adding, “Given the location of your sighting, it may very well be an escapee from someone’s cage (although the plumage is rather clean).”

Added Chong Hong: “The bird stayed in the same spot for perhaps half a minute or so. It didn’t fly away when I stuck out my camera from the car window, unlike other birds such as Zebra Dove (Geopelia striata) or White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus ) which I encountered.

“The condo is Faber Garden. It has big open space, plenty of matured trees, bushes and hedges. Many residents have plants in their own gardens resulting in a place conducive as habitat to the smaller birds such as sunbirds.

“We have other resident birds in and around the condo, like White-throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis), (known to have stolen fishes from fish tanks kept in nearby landed properties), bee eaters and white breasted waterhen mentioned above.”

Follow YC Wee:

Dr Wee played a significant role as a green advocate in Singapore through his extensive involvement in various organizations and committees: as Secretary and Chairman for the Malayan Nature Society (Singapore Branch), and with the Nature Society (Singapore) as founding President (1978-1995). He has also served in the Nature Reserve Board (1987-1989), Nature Reserves Committee (1990-1996), National Council on the Environment/Singapore Environment Council (1992-1996), Work-Group on Nature Conservation (1992) and Inter-Varsity Council on the Environment (1995-1997). He is Patron of the Singapore Gardening Society and was appointed Honorary Museum Associate of the Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum (LKCNHM) in 2012. In 2005, Dr Wee started the Bird Ecology Study Group. With more than 6,000 entries, the website has become a valuable resource consulted by students, birdwatchers and researchers locally and internationally. The views and opinions expressed in this article are his own, and do not represent those of LKCNHM, the National University of Singapore or its affiliated institutions.

4 Responses

  1. haniman

    Subaraj,you mentioned that this specimen could be an escapee but also mentioned in a similar email that they can well be native. How does one tell the difference? I find condition of the plumage a poor evaluation for distinction between escapee and native wild specimen. Much thanks!

  2. Subaraj

    Hi Haniman,

    You are quite right that clean plumage condition alone cannot determine that the bird is “wild”. However, in my experience, there are certain poor plumage conditions that do point to a bird being an escapee, especially if it was not kept well.

    My suggestion that this particular bird is likely to be an escapee is because of the location of the sighting and the habitat that it was in. This is a popular cage bird in Singapore and we get escapees just about anywhere on the island.

    The native, wild population of shamas tend to be in forested areas and in Singapore, Pulau Tekong and Pulau Ubin support healthy populations of the species. There is also a small remnant population in the centre of the Central Catchment Nature Reserve.

    Through reintroductions from an unknown source, there is also a breeding population around the MacRitchie area.

    Elsewhere, you are likely to find the odd bird, mostly males (which is usually what people keep for their song),

  3. shama shama

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