Bidadari Cemetery, a new birding playground

During the last few months, Singapore’s bird photographers have been documenting the arrivals of many rare winter visitors at the Bidadari Cemetery. This documentation was led by photographer-birder KC Tsang who kicked off with numerous sightings that inlcuded Black Bazas (Aviceda leuphotes); Narcondam Hornbill (Rhyticeros narcondami); Hooded Pittas (Pitta sordida); Grey Nightjar (Caprimulgus indicus); Eyebrowed Thrush (Turdus obscurus); Malayan Night Heron (Gorsachius melanolophus); among others.

The Bidadari Cemetery was opened in 1908 as a a multi-religious burial ground. It is located at the junction of Upper Serangoon Road and Upper Aljunied Road. However, under the Singapore Government’s 1998 Master Plan, the area was designated for high-density public housing and other facilities and was closed in 1972. Exhumation started in 2001 and completed in 2006. The area is strictly no more a cemetery now.

Lightly wooded with matured trees, the former cemetery has become a playground for photographers and birdwatchers.

Now why is Bidadari seeing so many birds recently? For one, the area was not that explored prior to KC’s series of sightings. The birds, including migrants, would have always been there, except that people were then busy congregating in Jurong.

Now that the area is park-like after the exhumation, more and more people are finding the area attractive. The tall, mature trees are overgrown with epiphytes and climbers. The old trees are not neatly pruned and parasitic mistletoes and epiphytic ferns and orchids are left to proliferate, unlike trees along roads. This helps increase the faunal biodiversity of the trees and in turn more attractive to birds.

The absence of a crowd, until now that is, has made Bidadari an ideal refuge for migrants (as well as residents), with plenty of food and minimum human disturbances.

Image by KC Tsang.


8 Responses

  1. Bruce Ramsay

    It will be a real shame if such a unique refuge site does get turned into high-density housing.
    Is there any way that this can be stopped through public submission/NSS or BES representation etc, or is the “progress” of housing inevitable?

  2. Here in Singapore, we should be channeling our energies toward protecting the few forested reserved we have left. Lobbying for degraded woodlands and park-like areas would be a futile exercise. Almost every single “bird areas” the Conservation Committee fought for in the 1990s failed… see

  3. Bruce Ramsay

    OK. Thanks.

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